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Commas

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Commas How to use them Commas - , A comma is a punctuation mark It tells us to take a brief pause when we are reading not as long as a full stop. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Commas


1
Commas
  • How to use them

2
Commas - ,
  • A comma is a punctuation mark
  • It tells us to take a brief pause when we are
    reading not as long as a full stop.
  • It is the most common punctuation mark but has to
    be used carefully.

3
Commas
  • Commas can change the meaning of a sentence
  • For example
  • Eats shoots and leaves.
  • Eats, shoots and leaves.

4
Changing meaning 2
  • The old lady collected all sorts of things
    silver, paper, hats, clocks and tablecloths.
  • The old lady collected all sorts of things
    silver paper, hats, clocks and tablecloths.
  • The old lady collected all sorts of things
    silver, paper hats, clocks and tablecloths.

5
Lists
  • When there is a list of words in a sentence
  • We will need hammers, nails and a saw.
  • She stopped, stared and ran.
  • Mr Cherry was a warm, hospitable man.
  • Sam frightened the cat, teased the dog and
    annoyed the neighbours.

6
Pause and tone
  • Commas are used to break up longer sentences into
    smaller parts to pause and change tone of voice.
  • For example
  • When he saw the pirate ship on the horizon, the
    captain gave the alarm.
  • She called as loudly as she could, but no-one
    could hear her.

7
Extra information
  • Commas are used to separate any extra information
    that is added.
  • The words enclosed by the commas could be left
    out without changing the general meaning of the
    sentence.

8
Extra information
  • Paul Mann, our star player, broke his leg in the
    match on Saturday.
  • Paul Mann broke his leg in the match on Saturday.
  • The man, who was wearing a blue hat, slid
    silently into the room.
  • The man slid silently into the room.

9
Other Uses
  • To break up groups of numbers into thousands.
  • 1,999,999
  • Inside speech marks.
  • We are leaving tomorrow, said Fred.

10
Practice Adding in extra information
, the plumber, , Jennifer, , the typist, , my
hairdresser, , our teacher,
is good at looking after children. blow dries my
hair every week. has a son called Sam. fixed a
leak in our pipes last week. works in a large
office.
Sally Jones Peter Lim Lucy White My friend Jim
Smith
11
Turning sentences around for impact
  • He could not find his car when he reached the car
    park.
  • He had to go to work although he was very tired.
  • She did not get the handbag in the sale despite
    queuing for hours.

12
Practice
  • When he reached the car park,
  • he could not find his car.
  • Although he was very tired,
  • he had to go to work.
  • Despite queuing for hours,
  • she did not get the handbag in the sale.

13
Summary - Commas
  • Can change meaning
  • Show a brief pause within a sentence
  • Separate items in a list
  • Separate extra information
  • Break up numbers into thousands
  • Inside speech marks
  • Reversing phrases in sentences for impact
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