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Body Language and Psychology

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Body Language and Psychology Learning how to read people. Body Language The most important six aspects of bodily action: Movement Eye contact- is one of the most ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Body Language and Psychology


1
Body Language and Psychology
  • Learning how to read people.

2
Body Language
  • The most important six aspects of bodily action
  • Movement
  • Eye contact- is one of the most important aspect
    of bodily communication.
  • Facial expression- is one of the most important
    aspect of bodily communication.
  • Posture- is the position in which body is being
    held.
  • Gestures- a movements that are made with hands,
    head or face to show a particular meaning.
  • Proxemics- is the study of how to use space in
    communication.

3
Body Movements
  • Major types of movement
  • Emblems
  • Illustrators
  • Affect displays
  • Regulators
  • Adaptors

4
Emblems
  • Emblems are body gestures that directly
    translate into words or phrases.
  • Emblems are used consciously and purposely to
    communicate the same meaning as the words.
  • Emblems are culture specific.

5
Illustrators
  • Illustrators enhance the verbal messages they
    accompany.
  • Expressions are often illustrated with hands,
    head and general body movements.
  • Illustrators, 20 increase an ability to
    remember.

6
Affect Displays
  • Affect displays are movements of the face, but
    also the hands and general body that communicate
    emotional meaning.
  • Affect displays are often unconscious.

7
Regulators
  • Regulators are behaviors that monitor, control,
    coordinate, or maintain the speaking of another
    individual.

8
Adaptors
  • Adaptors are gestures that satisfy some personal
    needs.
  • Adaptors are divided into
  • Self adaptors (self touching movements)
  • Alter adaptors (movements directed at a
    recipient)
  • Object adaptors (gestures focused on objects)

9
Influencing with Body Language
  • To influence you need to have a relationship and
    all relationships fall into two categories.
  • Positive (interest)
  • Negative (noninterest)

10
What unconscious action happens when someone
views something they like? How can this be used?
  • -Pupils dilate
  • Advertising
  • Lying and/or deception
  • Detecting interest from a possible mate/date

11
List some non-verbal cues for the following
  • Someone interested
  • Someone not interested
  • exposure of elbow crease
  • long eye contact
  • Angled stance
  • Relaxed posture
  • Touching of the hand, leg, shoulder or face
  • Arms fold across chest
  • Rigid stance
  • Continuing to square up to you
  • Glancing past you
  • Fidgeting

12
Translate these non-verbal cues
  • Disbelief
  • Puzzlement
  • Protecting ourselves
  • Seeking intimacy
  • impatience
  • -Lifting an eyebrow
  • -rubbing your nose
  • -clasping your arms
  • -wink one eye
  • -tap finger

13
Territorial needs
  • Everyone has a defined body area, a territory,
    and a personal space, which is called a body
    buffer zone

14
Summarize Intimate distance
  • -Acceptable for family, friends, lovers, and
    parent/child (touching 18 inches/ 0-6 inches in
    Latin Cultures)
  • -If confined w/strangers body must remain rigid
    to indicate apology for touching
  • -Glances are ok but long gazes are seen as
    completely inappropriate

15
Personal Distance
  • Close (18-30 inches) -ex. wives and husbands,
    when others move in it portrays interested , can
    hold hands
  • Far (30-48 inches) called limit of physical
    domination, acceptable for meeting someone on
    the street

16
Social Distance
  • Close (4-7 feet) transact interpersonal business,
    house wife/repairman, meeting someone new, boss
    greeting an employee
  • Far (7-12 feet) Formal social or business
    relationships, Big boss and employee. This
    distance means steady eye contact during
    conversation, failure to do so is disrespectful.
    Can allow you to keep working w/out seeming rude.

17
Public Distance
  • Close (12-25 feet) teacher addressing student
  • Far (25 or more) Politicians (for safety)

18
In order to develop a relationship, of any kind,
what must first happen?
  • Both must unmask and show their true selves, for
    if not they can not become close

19
T/F Smiling is the most common mask we wear, and
it is one that is over used.
  • True. Most masking techniques are taught through
    culture and are considered manners or
    etiquette

20
When do we drop our masks?
  • When we are intimately comfortable w/ the person
    or when we see them as a non-person (it)
  • Extreme ends of the spectrum/usually worn
    to protect someone's feelings or our own

21
Besides your clothes, what is the 1st thing
people notice about you? How can this help you
obtain a date?
  • Guys
  • Girls
  • Stance or Walk
  • Provides messages as to your intentions
  • Hips forward w/ legs spread
  • Thumbs locked on belt with fingers pointed
    inward
  • Stance
  • Uninterested or Defensive
  • Arms crossed
  • Tight Face
  • Rigid Posture
  • Interested
  • Expose neck, elbow crease, open stance

Counter these by offering up complimentary
opposing body language. If trying to show
interest hold your gaze or glance longer than
appropriate (just a little/ dont be a creepy) .
22
What things can be done after gaining someones
attention to progress to a more intimate
encounter?
  • After flirting as commenced
  • Invade body space minimally enough for obvious
    objection. Stay till they become comfortable
  • Let eyes linger in areas where short glances
    would be necessary
  • Stare into her/him while drawing attention to
    places like mouth, neck, chest, groin.
  • Attention must be narrowed to that one person,
    not spread around to others

23
What are some ways you can tell if he/she is
available?
  • Look for a ring or pale skin on the ring finger
  • Stance while sitting
  • Knees apart/ holding gaze/ loose posture
  • Gestures
  • Draws attention to mouth, neck, thighs, chest,
    hips, butt
  • Walk
  • Hips forward or loose/ sway or swagger of hips/
    shoulders back 7 head up

24
What happens to both men women upon meeting
someone they are interested in breeding with?
  • -Step 1? Posture Changes
  • Muscles Tense
  • Body sagging disappears
  • Posture becomes erect
  • Stomach tightens
  • Face Blushes or glows
  • Preening begins
  • Adjusting of clothes/ hair/ makeup

25
What happens to both men women upon meeting
someone they are interested in breeding with?
  • Step two- Positioning
  • Couples will sit together
  • Face each other
  • Lean into one another
  • Use arms to make a circle
  • Cross their legs towards each other

26
What are some things a less aggressive woman
might do to convey interest to a man?
  • Flirting glances
  • Holding his eye
  • Turning her head to one side (expose neck)
  • Rolling her lips
  • Revealing the top of her thigh by crossing her
    legs
  • Putting her hand on her hip
  • Exposing her wrist or palm

27
What can posture be used to transmit?
  • Question
  • Statement
  • Interest
  • Non- Interest
  • Protection
  • Inclusion
  • Exclusion

28
What are the rules of thumb for looking at a
person in the following situations (careful
cultural)
  • Passing someone on the street
  • Must look away when within 8 feet
  • People with unusual hair, clothes, facial hair,
    hair or piercings
  • Stare then look away
  • Putting a person down
  • Stare and continue
  • Make sure to follow these rules as not to be
    socially awkward!!!

29
NLP Eye Chart (caution)
30
True/False When studying kinesics, one must take
all of the following into account
  • 1. Situation
  • 2. All body movements at the time
  • 3. Any physiological patterns
  • True- No single motion stands alone, there is
    always a pattern
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