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Euler Method

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Power Point Euler Method, Ordinary Differential Equations Description: A power point presentation to show how the Euler Method works. Last modified by: lkintner – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Euler Method


1
Euler Method
  • Chemical Engineering Majors
  • Authors Autar Kaw, Charlie Barker
  • http//numericalmethods.eng.usf.edu
  • Transforming Numerical Methods Education for STEM
    Undergraduates

2
Euler Method http//numericalmethods.eng.us
f.edu
3
Eulers Method
Slope
Figure 1 Graphical interpretation of the first
step of Eulers method
4
Eulers Method
Figure 2. General graphical interpretation of
Eulers method
5
How to write Ordinary Differential Equation
How does one write a first order differential
equation in the form of
Example
is rewritten as
In this case
6
Example
The concentration of salt, in a home made
soap maker is given as a function of time by


At the initial time, t 0, the salt
concentration in the tank is 50g/L. Using
Eulers method and a step size of h 1.5 min,
what is the salt concentration after 3 minutes.


7
Solution


Step 1












is the approximate concentration of salt at

8
Solution Cont

Step 2
is the approximate concentration of salt at
9
Solution Cont
The exact solution of the ordinary differential
equation is given by




The solution to this nonlinear equation at t3
minutes is
10
Comparison of Exact and Numerical Solutions










Figure 3. Comparing exact and Eulers method

11
Effect of step size
Table 1. Concentration of salt at 3 minutes as a
function of step size, h

3 1.5 0.75 0.375 0.1875 -362.50 720.31 284.65 10.718 10.714 373.22 -709.60 -273.93 -0.0024912 0.0010803 3483.0 6622.2 2556.5 0.023249 0.010082

Step
12
Comparison with exact results




Figure 4. Comparison of Eulers method with
exact solution for different step sizes
13
Effects of step size on Eulers Method




Figure 5. Effect of step size in Eulers method.
14
Errors in Eulers Method
It can be seen that Eulers method has large
errors. This can be illustrated using Taylor
series.
As you can see the first two terms of the Taylor
series
are the Eulers method.
The true error in the approximation is given by
15
Additional Resources
  • For all resources on this topic such as digital
    audiovisual lectures, primers, textbook chapters,
    multiple-choice tests, worksheets in MATLAB,
    MATHEMATICA, MathCad and MAPLE, blogs, related
    physical problems, please visit
  • http//numericalmethods.eng.usf.edu/topics/euler_
    method.html

16
  • THE END
  • http//numericalmethods.eng.usf.edu
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