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Education System in India


Education System in India All levels of education in India, from primary to higher education, are overseen by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (Department ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Education System in India

Education System in India
Nalanda University (450 -1150 AD)
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  • All levels of education in India, from primary to
    higher education, are overseen by the Ministry of
    Human Resource Development (Department of Higher
    Education (India) and Department of School
    Education and Literacy), and heavily subsidized
    by the Indian government, though there is a move
    to make higher education partially

  • In India, the main types of schools are those
    controlled by
  • The state government boards, in which the vast
    majority of Indian school-children are enrolled,
  • The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)
  • The Council for the Indian School Certificate
    Examinations (CISCE) board,
  • National Open School and
  • "International schools."
  • Overall, according to the latest Government
    Survey undertaken by NUEPA (DISE, 2005-6), there
    are 1,124,033 schools.

Educational oversight HRD Minister Ministry of HRDArjun Singh
National education budget Discretionary Mandatory Rs.24,115 crore (2006-07)
Primary language(s) of education English, Other regional languages
Literacy (2001) Men Women 64.8 75.3 53.7 
Enrollment1 (2001-02) Primary (I-V) Mid/Upper Prim. (VI-VIII) Higher Secondary (IX-X) 189.2 million113.9 million44.8 million30.5 million
1. doesn't include kindergarten enrollment 1. doesn't include kindergarten enrollment
Higher Education in India
  • 227 government recognized universities in India.
  • Out of them 20 are central universities.
  • 109 are deemed universities.
  • 11 are open universities and rest are state
  • Affiliating colleges- St Josephs Bangalore.
  • 16,885 colleges-99.54 lakh students- 8
  • University grants commission(UGC).

Indian Institutes of Technology(IITs)
  • 13 autonomous engineering and technology-oriented
    institutes of higher education.
  • Institutes of National importance.
  • Created to train scientists and engineers.
  • About 15,500 undergraduates and 12,000 graduates
    and research scholars.

Indian Institute of Science(IISc)
  • Premier post-graduate institution of research
    and higher learning located in Bangalore.
  • 2000 students,400 faculty members,48 departments
    ranging from aerospace engineering to molecular
    biophysics to management.

Indian Institutes of Management(IIMs)
  • Premier management institutes.
  • Conduct research and provide consultancy
  • Top business schools of India.
  • 6 IIMs in 6 different places.

National Institutes of Technology(NIITs)
  • Premier colleges of engineering and technology
  • Originally called regional engineering colleges.
  • 17 NIITs at present and many more to come.

All India Institute of Medical Sciences(AIIMS
  • Autonomous medical college and hospital funded by
    Indias Union government.
  • Best medical college and public hospital in the

Compulsory and free elemetary education to all
between the age group 6-14
  • The strategies adopted by the Government to check
    drop-out rate are
  • Creating parental awareness
  • Community mobilization
  • Economic incentives

  • Non-formal education (NFE) age group of 6-14.
  • Bal Bhavans creative and sports skills of
    children age group of 5-16.
  • Distance education Open universities.

Education for special sections of Society
  • Women NFEs exclusively for girls.
  • SC/STs and OBCs 60 of them- Scholarships,
    subsidy and fees waiver.
  • Post graduate classes at correctional homes.

Contemporary education issues
  • Rote learning emphasis on passing examinations
    with high percentage.
  • Caste, language and religion based reservations-
    forged certificates- corruption.
  • Expenditure on education has to be 6 of the GDP-
    in 2004 only 3.5 was spent.
  • Sarva Shikshana abhiyan

Non-graduation market of India as per Census 2001.
Educational level Holders
Total 502,994,684
Unclassified 97,756
Non-technical diploma or certificate not equal to degree 386,146
Technical diploma or certificate not equal to degree 3,666,680
Higher Secondary, Intermediate, Pre-university or Senior Secondary 37,816,215
Matriculation or Secondary 79,229,21
Graduation market of India as per Census 2001.
Degree Holders
Total 37,670,147
Post-graduate degree other than technical degree 6,949,707
Graduate degree other than technical degree 25,666,044
Engineering and technology 2,588,405
Teaching 1,547,671
Medicine 768,964
Agriculture and dairying 100,126
Veterinary 99,999
Other 22,588
Country Adult Literacy Rate Youth Literacy Rate
China 90.9 98.9
India 61.3 73.3
Nepal 44.0 62.7
Pakistan 41.5 53.9
Sri Lanka 92.1 97.0
Bangladesh 41.1 49.7
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