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SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE

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BUILD BY WHO: It was conceived and built by Danish architect J rn Utzon. It is one of the most famous buildings of the 20th century. It is also one of the most ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE


1
SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE
2
SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE
  • BUILD BY WHO
  • It was conceived and built by Danish architect
    J?rn Utzon.

3
WHAT IS IT
  • It is one of the most famous buildings of the
    20th century. It is also one of the most popular
    visitor attractions in Australia, with more than
    seven million people visiting the site every
    year.
  • The building houses multiple performance venues
    and it hosts over 1,500 performances each year
    attended by about 1.2 million people.

4
SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE
  • ITS LOCATION
  • It is in Sydney, New South Wales, in
    Australia and is located at Bennelong point in
    Sydney port and near the famous Sydney Bridge.

5
Description
  • The Sydney Opera House is a modern expressionist
    design, with a series of large precast concrete
    "shells", each composed of sections of a sphere
    of 75.2 metre (246 ft) radius, forming the roofs
    of the structure, set on a monumental podium.
  • The building covers 1.8 hectares (4.5 acres) of
    land and is 183 metres (605 ft) long and 120
    metres (388 ft) wide at its widest point. It is
    supported on 588 concrete piers sunk as much as
    25 metres below sea level.

6
Description (Continue)
  • The power supply is equivalent for a town of
    25,000 people and distributed by 645 kilometers
    of electrical cable.
  • The roofs are covered with 1.056 billion Swedish
    glazed tiles mineral creamy-white, though from a
    distance the tiles look only white.
  • The theater's opera and concert hall are the two
    largest groups of shells and other theaters are
    on the sides of the shell groupings. The interior
    of the building consists of pink granite.

7
Facilities
  • The Sydney Opera House contains five theaters,
    five rehearsal studios, two main halls, four
    restaurants, six bars and numerous souvenir
    shops. The five theaters are the facilities
    The Concert Hall Concert Hall, with 2,679
    seats, The Opera Theatre Opera Theatre, with
    1,547 seats, is the main performance space for
    Opera Australia, also used by the Australian
    Ballet Australian Ballet Company. Theatre Drama
    Theatre, with 544 seats Theatre Playhouse, with
    398 seats The Theatre Studio Theatre, with 364
    seats
  • Except from theatrical productions, facilities
    are also used for events such as weddings,
    parties and conferences.

8
(No Transcript)
9
Construction history
  • Origins
  • Planning for the Sydney Opera House began in the
    late 1940s, when Eugene Goossens, lobbied for a
    suitable venue for large theatrical productions.

10
Stage I Podium
  • Stage I commenced on 2 March 1959, monitored by
    the engineers and partners. However, Utzon had
    still not completed the final designs.
  • Major structural issues still remained
    unresolved. By 23 January 1961, work was running
    47 weeks behind, because of unexpected
    difficulties.
  • Work on the podium was finally completed in
    February 1963. The forced early start led to
    significant later problems, not least of which
    was the fact that the podium columns were not
    strong enough to support the roof structure, and
    had to be re-built.

11
Stage II Roof
  • From 1957 to 1963, the design team went through
    at least twelve alterations of the form of the
    shells trying to find an economically acceptable
    form before a workable solution was completed.
  • In mid-1961, the design team found a solution to
    the problem the shells all being created as
    sections from a sphere. This solution allows
    arches of varying length to be cast in a common
    mould, and a number of arch segments of common
    length to be placed adjacent to one another, to
    form a spherical section.

12
Stage III Interiors
  • The cost of the project so far was still only
    22.9 million less than a quarter of the final
    102 million cost. The second stage of
    construction was progressing toward completion
    when Utzon resigned. His position was principally
    taken over by Peter Hall, who became largely
    responsible for the interior design.

13
Completion and cost
  • The Opera House was formally completed in 1973,
    having cost 102 million.
  • Stage Ipodium approximately 5.5m.
  • Stage II roof shells approximately 12.5m.
  • Stage III completion The Hornibrook Group
    56.5m. Separate contracts stage equipment,
    stage lighting and organ 9.0m. Fees and other
    costs 16.5m.
  • The original cost estimate in 1957 was 3,500,000
    (7 million). The original completion date set by
    the government was 26 January 1963 (Australia
    Day). The project was completed ten years late
    and over-budget by more than fourteen times.

14
Opening
  • The Opera House was formally opened by Elizabeth
    II, Queen of Australia, on 20 October 1973, with
    a large crowd in attendance.
  • The architect, Jorn Utzon, was not invited to the
    ceremony, nor was his name mentioned. The opening
    was televised and included fireworks and a
    performance of Beethoven's Symphony.

15
Reconciliation with Utzon
  • Beginning in the late 1990s, the Sydney Opera
    House Trust began to communicate with Jorn Utzon
    in an attempt to effect a reconciliation and to
    secure his involvement in future changes to the
    building.
  • In 1999, he was appointed by the Trust as a
    design consultant for future work. In 2004, the
    first interior space rebuilt to an Utzon design
    was opened, and renamed "The Utzon Room" in his
    honour.
  • In April 2007, he proposed a major reconstruction
    of the Opera Theatre. Utzon died on 29 November
    2008. A state memorial service, attended by
    Utzon's son Jan and daughter Lin, celebrating the
    creative genius of Jorn Utzon was held in the
    Sydney Opera House Concert Hall on 25 March 2009
    featuring performances, readings and
    recollections from prominent figures in the
    Australian performing arts scene.

16
Reconciliation with Utzon(Continue)
  • On Tuesday 17 November 2009, Sydney Opera House
    officially opened the refurbished Western Foyers
    and Accessibility improvements, the largest
    building project completed since Jorn Utzon was
    re-engaged in 1999.
  • Designed by Utzon and his son Jan, in
    collaboration with Richard Johnson of Johnson
    Pilton Walker, the project has transformed the
    Western Foyers into a stylish and functional
    space providing patrons with additional amenities
    including new ticketing, toilet and cloaking
    facilities. Importantly, new escalators and a
    public lift have vastly improved access for less
    mobile visitors, people with a disability and
    families with prams.

17
support
  • I chose the Sidney Opera House because I think is
    a very beautiful building and an amazing place
    which is used for a lot of types of
    entertainment, like opera, theatre and others.
    Finally, it is something very special.

18
BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • http//el.wikipedia.org/wiki/?pe?a_t??_Sid?e?
  • http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sydney_Opera_House
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