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Classical Architecture The Art of Greece and Rome

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They are known for for their incredibly realistic sculptures. ... formed Greece squabbled and remained separate as small city-states Greeks were amazing artists ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Classical Architecture The Art of Greece and Rome


1
Classical ArchitectureThe Art of Greece and Rome
2
Greece
  • Around 1500 B.C., different groups settled in the
    Aegean Sea
  • Greece never became a nation because the tribes
    that formed Greece squabbled and remained
    separate as small city-states
  • Greeks were amazing artists though. They valued
    grace, harmony and precision. They are known for
    for their incredibly realistic sculptures.

3
The Parthenon
  • The Greeks were also incredible architects.
  • The Parthenon, which we saw during the Olympics,
    is thought to be the most perfect building ever
    created.

4
Classical ArchitectureClassicism - The
architectural style that has shaped Western
architecture ever since ancient Greece.
Characterized by architectural elements such as
columns and orders.
These are the basic parts of a Greek or Roman
building Cornice Pediment Frieze Columns
FAÇADE The front view of a building
5
The Column
  • The design at the top of a column is called the
    capital
  • Capital design has helped art historians and
    scholars figure out when Greek and Roman
    buildings were built.
  • There are three main orders or capital styles
  • Doric, Ionic Corinthian

6
Roman Architecture
  • Because the Greek city-states were unable to band
    together, they were helpless to outside attacks.
  • In 197 B.C., Greece fell to the Romans

The Pantheon
Triumphal Arch
7
Roman Architecture
  • The Romans were very practical people and were
    more interested in law, government and
    engineering than art.
  • They were clever architects and city planners and
    we still benefit from their contributions.
  • Concrete The Romans figured out how to make
    concrete which is a mixture of sand, minerals and
    small pebbles.

8
The Round Arch
  • The Romans invented the round arch
  • A curved arrangement of stones over an open
    space. This opened up many new building
    possibilities.
  • Concrete enabled the Romans to build grand
    structures with arches and rotundas.

What kind of architectural form is this?
9
  • Architectural Vocabulary
  • Arch - A curved structure used as a support over
    an open space
  • Capital - The decoration at the top of a column
  • Column - A slender, upright structure, usually
    supporting member a part of a building.
  • Cornice A decorative architectural projection
    or edge
  • Corinthian column - In classical architecture,
    the last capital order designed after the
    Egyptian columns and inspired by palm trees.
  • Frieze - A band with designs or carvings along a
    wall or above doorways and windows.
  • Pediment - A low triangular gable above a
    cornice, topped by raking cornices and
    ornamented.. Used over doors, windows or porches.
  • Portico - A large porch usually with a pediment
    roof supported by classical columns or pillars
  • Classicism - The architectural style that has
    shaped Western architecture ever since ancient
    Greece. Characterized by architectural elements
    such as columns and orders. It is a language that
    has continually reinvented itself.

10
Examples of Major Roman Architectural Structures
  • The Triumphal Arch

11
The Aqueduct
  • A network of channels used to carry water
    distances, to cities

12
The Temple
  • Greek temples were used to house their gods.
    Roman temples, like the Pantheon, were built by
    people for prayer.

13
The Amphitheater
  • A circular structure characterized by rising
    tiers of stone seats contained within an arched
    stone outer wall that was used by Romans for
    circus performances and gladiatorial contest.
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