Animal Farm by. George Orwell - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Animal Farm by. George Orwell

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Animal Farm by. George Orwell Animal Farm is a Fable - has two levels of meaning. On the surface, the fable is about animals. But on a second level, the animals ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Animal Farm by. George Orwell


1
Animal Farm by. George Orwell
2
Animal Farm is a
  • Fable - has two levels of meaning. On the
    surface, the fable is about animals. But on a
    second level, the animals stand for types of
    people or ideas.
  • Allegory - Any type of fiction that has multiple
    levels of meaning.
  • Satire - A work making fun of something, usually
    political. Animal Farm makes fun of political
    society after the Bolshevik Revolution (Russian
    Revolution).

3
Russian Revolution
  • The Russian Revolution occurred in March 1917.
  • It was brought on by economic hardship and the
    injustices of Russian czars, and was encouraged
    by the Communist Manifesto of Karl Marx.
  • The czar of Russia was overthrown and
    revolutionaries assumed leadership of the
    country. They tried to transform the country
    through communist principles.

4
  • Under Joseph Stalin, the country fell under
    totalitarianisma form of government with strong
    central rule that tries to control individual
    freedoms.
  • Stalin instituted Five-Year Plans to increase
    economic growth, but ordered farms to give most
    of their products to the government.
  • Peasants who opposed Stalin were sent to labor
    camps, deported, or executed.

5
  • Not everyone wanted a Communist country. In 1920,
    peasants revolted against the governments
    efforts to turn their individual farms into
    collective farms.
  • By 1938, Stalin began to use what become known as
    the Moscow purge trials to control workers.
  • Many peasants were killed, tried for treason, or
    sent to labor camps.

6
How its related to Animal Farm
  • Many of the characters represent political
    leaders of the Russian Revolution
  • Joseph Stalin Napoleon (pig)
  • Leon Trotsky Snowball (pig)
  • Karl Marx / Vladimir Lenin Old Major (pig)
  • Peasants Boxer (horse)
  • Tsar Nicholas II Mr. Jones (human)
  • Adolph Hitler Mr. Frederick (human)

7
Themes
  1. Freedom and individual dignity must be guarded
    very carefully.
  2. Language is a powerful tool and can enslave us if
    used improperly.
  3. Weakness can be dominated by strength and fear.
  4. Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts
    absolutely.
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