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Directorate

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Directorate Of Economics of Statistics, BIHAR. * State & Districts Domestic Product Directorate estimates the SDP for the State. The estimates are released as per the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Directorate


1
  • Directorate
  • Of
  • Economics of Statistics,
  • BIHAR.

2
  • Directorate
  • of
  • Economics Statistics
  • Bihar

3
  • Genesis of the Directorate
  • Before independence, Agriculture Statistical
    Organization under the Revenue Department.
  • 2. Directorate of Economics Statistics under
    the control of Finance Department in 1949.
  • 3. Agriculture Statistical Organization The
    Evaluation Organization of Rural Reconstruction
    Department was merged in this Directorate in
    1964. The Directorate was renamed as Directorate
    of Statistics Evaluation.

4
  • 4. The Directorate of Statistics and Evaluation
    came under the administrative control of Planning
    and Development Department in 1968.
  • 5. Directorate of Evaluation was created and the
    organization was renewed DES in 2009.

5
II. Glorious PastPioneer state to (a)
Set-up statistical organization (b) Compile
SDP for 1948-49.
(c) Compile consumer price index number.
(d) Start-up statistical function up to Block
Level
Initiation
by Mahalanobis for Crop Cutting Experiment
during1943-44.
6
III. Current Activities of the Directorate
  • Directorate plays a vital role in the matter of
    collection, compilation and interpretation of
    data pertaining to different sectors of state
    economy. The major divisions of the DES Bihar are
    as follows -
  • Agriculture
  • Economic Statistics
  • Building Statistics
  • Civil Registration
  • Training Publication
  • Ad-hoc Survey and Census

7
  • The activities performed by DES, Bihar are
    related to
  • CSO
  • NSSO
  • RGI
  • Directorate of Economics and Statistics
    (Min. of Agr.)
  • NBO (National Building Organization)
  • Indian Meteorological Department etc.
  • More than one Directorates are performing these
    activities in the Center as well as the other
    states.

8
DSE Bihar is currently engaged in ten core
statistics (identified by the CSO .These are
- 1. SDP Estimates. 2. Estimates of capital
formation of savings (partially) 3.
Estimates of DDP 4. Estimates of contribution of
local Bodies (partially) 5. index of
industrial Production (partially) 6. Crop area
and production statistics . 7. Whole sale price
index. 8. Consumer price index. 9. Birth
Death Registration. 10. Participation in the NSS.
9
  • Ten out of twenty core statistics, currently done
    by Line Deptt. Bihar are -
  • 1. Major fiscal data Finance Deptt.
  • 2. Annual Survey of
  • Industries Not done
  • 3. Health, Morbidity and
  • family welfare statistics Health
    Deptt.
  • 4. Education and Literacy
  • Statistics Edu. Deptt.
  • Literacy Rate
  • Enrolment Data
  • 5. Labor and Employment
  • Statistics Labour Emp. Deptt.
  • Labor Statistics
  • Employment Statistics

10
  • Housing Statistics
  • ( not being done as per central norm)
    Housing Board Rural

    Dev. Deptt.
  • Electricity Production and
  • Distribution Statistics
    BSEB
  • Forestry Statistics Water Supply
  • and Sanitation Statistics
    PCCF,PHED
  • 9. Transport Statistics
  • Motor Vehicle Registration Transport
    Deptt.
  • Road Length PWD
    Deptt.
  • Road Accidents Police
    Deptt.
  • Passenger and Goods
  • Traffic Not done
  • Statistics for local Area Planning
    Not done
  • (urban and rural local bodies)

11
  • DES Bihar is not involved in collection of
    monitorable Statistics pertaining to flagship
    schemes of the Government of India or the
    Government of Bihar.

12
DATA GAPS
13
Sl. No Statistical Parameter Data Gaps
1. GSDP Estimates Data gaps with respect to estimation of GSDP are several including wholesale price index. Statistics on by-products of Agricultural and livestock products. Index of agricultural production. Expenditure data on new constructions and repairs of residential buildings. Transportation of own products of ancillary activities.
14
Sl. No Statistical Parameter Data Gaps
2. Estimate of Capital Formation Savings (a)Data is available only for gross assets and not for actual addition to fixed assets, which do not satisfy the definition. (b)Data base required for physical and financial indicators in many sub-sectors is inadequate, which makes it difficult to use benchmark figures. In a number of cases, data on type of assets is not available, so estimates by type of assets cannot be prepared for the supra-regional and private sectors. Also, latest data for some of the sectors is not available.
15
Sl. No Statistical Parameter Data Gaps
3. Estimates of District Domestic Product Required statistics at the district level in respect of all sectors for estimation of DDP are not available. For example. Production data of crops including horticulture and floriculture not covered under CCE are not available. Similarly, value of certain inputs used in primary sector (feed of livestock, irrigation charges, marketing charges, etc.) is not available. Also, service sector data is not available.
16
Sl. No Statistical Parameter Data Gaps
4. Contribution of Local Bodies Data in respect local bodies is not captured fully expenditure of local bodies on outsourced services and activities is not provided by the local bodies to DSOs and DES and Zila Parishad, Panchayat Samities and Gram Panchyats are excluded.
5. Index of Industrial Production Not currently Compiled
6. Compilation of Wholesale Price Index Numbers Not currently Complied
17
Sl. No Statistical Parameter Data Gaps
7. Construction of Consumer Price Index Use of old base year 1938-39. (Shifting of base year to 2010 under process)
8 Health Morbidity and Family Welfare Statistics (infant mortality and under 5 mortality by sex, maternal mortality rate, prevalence and death rates associated with Malaria and tuberculosis by sex, and HIV/AIDS prevalence rate of women). Ther is no mechanism of data collection on morbidity, mortality, pre-natal and post-natal health statistics from the private medical practitioners and voluntary and non government organizations. Also, data is not available on percentage of children fully immunized.
18
Sl. No Statistical Parameter Data Gaps
9. Education and Literacy Statistics (Adult literacy rate and Enrolment ratio in primary education by sex) For literacy rates and adult literacy rates, the source is decadal population census. For intermittent years the rates ate not available for the State, district and below. Also, data for the State and districts is not available with respect to children out of school classified by gender and castes, attainment levels, attendance data and drop outs.
19
Sl. No Statistical Parameter Data Gaps
10. Labour and Employment Statistics (Labour force and work participation rates by sex and proportion of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector.) Employment Statistics The data on employment of child and migrant labour is not available. Also, employment and allied occupations in the private sector, and household establishments.
11. Housing (Housing stock, addition and population. The source of housing statistics is the population census which is decennial. Limited housing data is available from official statistics generated by PWD and various housing schemes.
20
Sl. No Statistical Parameter Data Gaps
12. Birth and death registration and population. Data on registration of births and deaths are quite deficient. These indicators are essential for designing interventions for improving the health status of the people as well as social welfare of the lower strata people.
13. Environment and Forest Statistics. (Land area covered by forest, protected land area, proportions of people with access of safe drinking water and improved sanitation). Forest Statistics Inadequate data on activities related to afforestation, which is and important activity considering the fact that the limited forest area is largely degraded. Water and Sanitation Data is not available on households without safe drinking water and sanitation.
21
Sl. No Statistical Parameter Data Gaps
14. Participation in the surveys of National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO).(Field survey, tabulation and pooling). No Tabulation done
15. Transport Statistics No. data is generated on several transport related parameters like transport of passengers by private sector transporters, rental of commercial vehicles with operator, maintenance and
22
Sl. No Statistical Parameter Data Gaps
15. Transport Statistics repair of road transport equipment, supporting services for road transportation services, services auxiliary to all modes of transport, cargo-handling services, storage and warehouse services, among others.
23
Sl. No Statistical Parameter Data Gaps
16. Statistics for local area planning (Economic and social infrastructure, population distribution by age, sex, education and employment, etc.) District, Block and Village Statistics Limited local level data is collected from secondary sources for preparation for district plans.
17 BPL Statistics BPL data for urban areas are not available.
24
  • Reliability and accuracy
  • The reliability and accuracy indicators that
    are prescribed by IMF .
  • These are-

25
  1. Adequate basis of the source/field data to
    compile statistics in terms of adequacy,comprehens
    iveness,approxima-tion to definition, and
    timeliness
  2. Regular assessment of source data for coverage,
    sample error, response error, and non sampling
    error
  3. Use of sound statistical techniques in data
    compilation and statistical analysis
  4. Assessment and validation of intermediate data
    and statistical outputs

26
  • 5. Tracking of revisions
  • They have assigned the highest rank to (1),
    (2), and (4) above. This may be termed as
    threshold quality indicators. Three and five
    above have been assigned low values.
  • The quality of statistical output has been
    classified in three qualitative categories-high,
    medium, and low-in terms of the extent to which
    the three threshold indicators are satisfied.
    They have used the following normative scale to
    assess quality
  • High Quality All the components of the
    threshold indicators are met plus any one of (3)
    and /(5)
  • Medium Quality The three threshold indicators
    are met
  • Low Quality The threshold indicators are not
    met.

27
QUALITY OF STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES STATISTICAL
ACTIVITIESI. High Quality
  1. Data on major fiscal variables.
  2. Electricity Production Distribution.
  3. Education Literacy Statistics .
  4. Transport Statistics Vehicles Registration,
    Road Length

28
STATISTICAL ACTIVITIESII. Medium Quality
  • 1. Crop Area Statistics.

29
STATISTICAL ACTIVITIESIII. Low Quality
  1. State Domestic Product.
  2. Estimates of contribution of Local Bodies.
  3. Crop Production Statistics.
  4. Education Institutional Statistics.
  5. Education Enrollment Data .
  6. Compilation Of CPI.

30
STATISTICAL ACTIVITIESIII. Low Quality
  • 7. Birth Death Registration.
  • 8. Labour employment
  • 9. Forest Statistics.
  • 10. Water Supply and Sanitation.
  • 11. Health, Morbidity and Family welfare
    Statistics.
  • 12. Transport Statistics Road Accident.

31
Agriculture Statistics
Details of the activities are as under -
  • The Directorate of Statistics and Evaluation is
    the State Agriculture Statistics Authority (SASA)
    by the Min. of Agriculture, GOI. Primary workers
    for this work is Revenue karamchari.An
    Agriculture Year(July-June) is divided into four
    seasons-.
  • - Bhadai
  • - Aghani
  • - Rabbi
  • - Garma.
  • Revenue Karamchari has to perform plot to plot
    survey regarding crop area, irrigated area in the
    specified format i.e. Jinswar and report it to
    Circle Office and that report is transmitted to
    the State Headquarters through the District
    Statistical Office.

32
  • For Estimation of crop production two systems are
    prevailing
  • 1. Eye Estimatiion (performed in 5
    villages for all the crops.)
  • 2. Crop cutting Experiment (On 19 crops, 5
    fruits 9 vegetables).
  • Eye Estimation work is done by the Revenue
    karamchari and crop cutting Experiments are
    conducted by CI, BAO, BSS.

33
  • Inspecting agencies for Area Enumeration are DM,
    Addl.Collector, SDO. DCLR, AO, CO,BDO, ASO, BAO,
    CI, BSS. Crop Cutting Experiments are also
    supervised by these Officials GOI has also
    introduced TRS for conduct of crop survey in 20
    villages during first 10 days of the prescribed
    survey period and ICS for inspection of Area
    Enumeration , Khesra Totaling and CCE-which is
    done by the supervising staff of the Directorate
    NSSO

34
  • The Directorate releases
  • - Final estimate of 33 crops including 14
    horticulture crops
  • - Fully revised estimate of 39 crops
  • - 71 Forecast of 39 Crops (1st forecast 24,
    2nd forecast 8, final forecast 39)
  • - Farm Price
  • - Land Utilization
  • - Agricultural labour wages
  • - Season wise TRS Estimates for 16 crops

35
  • - Source-wise net irrigated area
  • - Crop-wise irrigated area
  • - Index of Area Production Productivity
  • Crop-Insurance Scheme-
  • It provides yield-rate of different
    insured crops to Agriculture Insurance Company.

36
Rain-Fall
  • Rain-fall is an important indicator for assessing
    crop condition. There are 402 approved sites for
    rain-gauge stations. Out of these 352 are
    functional .
  • Daily rainfall data is available in the
    Directorate over a long period (from 1901).

37
  • For conduct of these works following statistical
    personnel has been posted.
  • DSO is Overall in charge in 38 districts, but is
    posted in only 12 districts
  • BSS in 40270 blocks out of 534 blocks, but
    posted in 289 blocks only
  • One ASO has to perform Agriculture Statistics
    work for five blocks (on the basis of 402 blocks)
    but only 12 ASO are posted.

38
  • Against the Sanctioned post of 235 JFI in the
    various districts and headquarter only 51 posts
    are filled up.
  • More than 50 percent post of primary workers are
    vacant.

39
State Districts Domestic Product
  • Directorate estimates the SDP for the State.
  • The estimates are released as per the guidelines
    and time frame fixed by the CSO, GOI. Bihar has
    released final Estimate for 2006-07 provisional
    estimate for 2007-08, quick estimate for 2008-09
    Advance estimate for 2009-10 on current and
    1999-2000 prices.
  • Bihar is also estimating District Domestic
    Product (DDP). It has released DDP for 2006-07

40
  • Economic Miscellaneous Statistics Under this
    head, following works are being done-
  • NSSO
  • SDP/DDP
  • Budget analysis
  • Resources
  • Regional Accounts
  • Price Statistics
  • Annual Survey of Industries
  • Municipal Accounts
  • Housing Statistics
  • Jail Statistics

41
  • NSS
  • 17th National sample survey inspectorate are
    functional each with one inspector 2-4
    investigators under the concerning District
    Statistical Offices.
  • DES participated in the NSSO surveys.
  • Analyze data up to 50th round but stopped
    thereafter
  • Again tabulate for 61th round currently
    engaged in tabulation of 67th round.
  • Currently engaged in 68th round survey.

42
Budget Analysis
  • Directorate has been preparing Economic and
    purpose classification of the budget document in
    the format prescribed by the Central Statistical
    Organization. Economic classification helps to
    get a clear idea of
  • Capital Formation out of budgetary resources
  • Saving of the Govt.

43
  • Govt. Contribution to the generation of State
    Income.
  • Whereas purpose classification indicate the
    purpose for which expenditure was made such as
    health, education, social services, Housing etc.
    Directorate has released Budget Analysis for
    2009-10 (AC), 2010-11(RE) 2011-12 (BE).

44
Price Statistics
  • - Wholesale and Retail Price of Agriculture
    commodity collected from 51 centres.
  • - Monthly whole Sale Price Index (WPI) of
    Agriculture commodities
  • - Monthly Consumer Price Index (CPI) of
    Industrial Workers (Base- 1939) .Base year
    charge to 2010 under process.
  • - Monthly Report of Salt Price
  • (Price and availability)

45
  • DSE has
  • Published Indices up to June 2009
  • Introduce new system of Wholesale and Retail
    Price collection of the Agri. Commodities.
  • Change base year in consonance with the
    national norm for CPI of Industrial Workers in
    the relevant centers.

46
Index of Industrial Production
  • The Directorate has to prepare the index of
    industrial production. For this the basket items
    and weighing diagram for base year 2004-2005 has
    already been taken-up .

47
Miscellaneous Statistics
  • - Jail Statistics
  • - Statistics related to Urban Local Bodies
  • - Wages of Agr. Labourers
  • - Building Statistics
  • - Medical Statistics

48
Vital Statistics
  • Directorate is the statutory body executing
    Registration of Birth Death under the R B D
    Act-1969 and State Rules 1999.
  • Under the Act all Urban bodies and Panchayats are
    declared as registration units. Besides, Medical
    College Hospitals, District Hospitals,
    Sub-divisional Hospitals and Referral Hospitals
    have also been declared as registration units.
    Recently, all the PHC have been notified as
    Registration Unit.
  • The work of Medical Certification of causes of
    Death is introduced in all the Medical college
    Hospitals and District Hospitals .

49
  • Registration of Birth Death is still far from
    satisfactory due to
  • - Overburdened Panchyat Secretary at the
    Panchyat level in over eight thousand Panchyats.
  • - Shortage of Panchayat secretary.
  • - Statistical functionaries not available for
    this work..
  • - Lack of basic infrastructure at the grass root
    level.
  • - Lack of awareness among rural people.
  • - Shortage of Panchayat secretary.
  • - Lack of coordination between Panchayat
    registrars and notified informants.

50
Ad-hoc Survey / Census
  • 1. Economic Census- Five
  • 2. Minor Irrigation Census -Four
  • 3. Goods Origin-Destination Survey conducted
    RITES.
  • 4. Local Level Infrastructure Development survey
    CSO
  • 5. Employment survey, Labour Bureau Simla.

51
Publications
  • Recently Released-
  • A. Bihar at a Glance-2010
  • B. State Domestic Product 2006-07,
    2007-08(P), 2008-09(Q)
  • (1999-2000 Base)
  • C. Annual Administrative Report
  • (2001-02 to 2009-10)
  • D. Bihar through Figure 2009

52
  • E. State Domestic Product
  • (1993-94 to 2006-07) Part-I
  • District Domestic Product
  • (1999-2000 to 2006-07) Part-II
  • F. Annual Report of Civil Registration for
    the year 2007
  • G. Various Price Indices 2007
  • H. SDP (Back series linkage)

53
Targeted during 2011-12
  • A. Bihar At a Glance-2011
  • B. Compendium
  • C. Bihar Through Figures- 2011
  • D. Budget Analysis 2012-13
  • E. Season crop Report
  • F. Annual Report of Civil Registration for the
    year 2010.
  • G. Bihar Statistical Handbook- 2010

54
Training
  • Directorate has to impart training as under
  • - Agriculture Statistics at state, District
    Block /Anchal level in each agriculture year
  • - Vital Statistics at State/District
    Block/Anchal level.
  • - NSS Round wise for concerned official

55
  • - Refresher training
  • - on ad hoc basis to officers and supervisory
    technical staff.

56
  • DES requires to develop a training programme on
    the following distinctive areas-
  • - Training course for newly appointed
    statistical personnel.
  • - Training for middle level staff
  • - Refresher training programmes for all
    officers
  • - Specialized training programmes to develop a
    core group of specialists who can also serve as
    trainers

57
  • Induction Training Course
  • All newly appointed personnel should be given
    induction training preferably after an initial
    period of three months to one year.

58
  • Training for Middle Level Staff
  • The Bihar DSE has a large number of staff at
    this level, who have not been been provided with
    induction training. As the middle level staff
    plays a vital role in the execution of
    statistical activities, it needs to be formally
    trained to enhance their skill and efficiency.

59
  • Normal training should be supplemented by
    special training associated with particular
    surveys and statistical computations The
    responsibility for the arrangement of such
    training materials should be assigned to the CSO.

60
  • Refresher Training Programmes
  • Periodic refresher training programmes
    should be conducted for all the supervisory
    officers of DSE. Refresher training could be
    conducted in house in collaboration with CSO and
    focus on the following areas, among others
  • - Principles of economics,
  • - Estimation of national accounts,
  • - Time series analysis and forecasting,
  • - Classificatory analysis,
  • - Techniques of pooling NSS Central and State
    Sample data,
  • - Information technology and
  • - Geographical Information System

61
  • Specialized Training Programmes
  • Specialized training be provided in the
    following areas, among others
  • - Management of Statistical System
  • - Statistical Methods
  • - Advanced Statistical Methods / Techniques
  • - Survey Methods and Data Collection
  • - Data Processing
  • - Data Tabulation
  • - Data Analysis
  • - Data Management
  • - Report Preparation

62
Library
  • It has vast inflow of periodicals from the GOI,
    the DSEs of other States and other statistical
    Organ. It is likely to be revamped in the coming
    year.

63
  • Manpower
  • Directorate has acute manpower shortage as
    evident from the following table

64
Sanctioned, Additional Minimum optimal
requirement (as per JP Associates) and Filled in
Post of The DES, Bihar in different cadres.
Sl.no Name of the Post Sanctioned Additional Minimum optimal required Filled in Percentage of Percentage of
Sl.no Name of the Post Sanctioned Additional Minimum optimal required Filled in Vacant against Col No.3 Vacant against colm. 34
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 Director 1 -- -- 100.0 100.0
2 Sr. Jt. Dir. 2 2 -- 100.0 100.0
3 Jt. Dir. 3 14 3 0.0 82.4
4 Dy. Dir. 17 8 13 23.5 48.0
5 Asst. Dir. 73 21 27 63.0 71.3
Total Total 96 45 43 55.2 69.5
65
Sanctioned, Additional Minimum optimal
requirement and Filled in Post of The DSE, Bihar
in different cadres.
Sl.no Name of the Post Sanctioned Additional Minimum optimal required Filled in Percentage of Percentage of
Sl.no Name of the Post Sanctioned Additional Minimum optimal required Filled in Vacant against Col No.3 Vacant against colm. 34
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1 ASO 156 42 102 34.6 48.5
2 JSS 770 268 390 49.4 62.4
3 Compiler 122 118 45 63.1 81.3
4 JFI 235 330 11 95.3 98.1
Sub Total Sub Total 1283 758 548 57.3 73.2
Total Total 1379 803 591 57.1 72.9
66
  • It may be observed from the table that -
  • - About Seventy four percent of gazetted and
    half of non-gazetted technical posts are vacant.

67
Organisation Chart of DES, Bihar (HQ)
Principal Secretary Plannings Development
Deptt.
Director
Agricultural Statistical Division
Price Industrial Statistical Division
State Income Statistical Division
NSS Other Division
Vital Statistical Division
Miss. Statistical Division
Jt. Director (1)
Jt. Director (1)
Jt. Director (1)
St. Jt. Director (1)
DD (1)
DD (1)
DD (1)
DD (1)
DD (1)
DD (1)
AD (2)
AD (7)
AD (2)
AD (3)
AD (3)
AD (8)
ASO (4)
ASO (10)
ASO (2)
ASO (3)
ASO (5)
ASO (8)
JSA (10)
JSA (11)
JSA (40)
JSA (18)
JSA (26)
JSA (27)
Compiler (14)
Compiler (04)
Compiler (05)
Compiler (05)
Compiler (07)
Compiler (08)
JFI (2)
JFI (1)
JFI (13)
JFI (5)
JFI (8)
JFI (2)
68
Organization chart of DES, Bihar (Field)
DES
DIVISION (9) HEADED BY DY. DIRECTOR WITH
SUPPORTING STAFF
DISTRICT STATISTICAL OFFICE (38)
ADMINISTRATIVE
TECHNICAL
ASO
JSA/INVESTIGATOR
COMPILOR
JFI
ACCOUNTANT
LDC
BLOCK (534) BSS
69
Follow of Data and co-ordination between DES and
other organisations
Data Sources
Nodal Statistical Officers
Central Ministries /Organisation/ Underkakings
C S O / N S SO
State Govt./ other officers/ Undertakings
D E S
HOD of State Govt.
Division officers of DES
Divisional officers ot HOD
Divisional Office Of HOD
District Statistical officers
Block Level Officers
Gram Panchayat
Villagers
Informatics
70
DIAGONOSIS
  • Vacancy about 70.
  • No review of cadre after creation.
  • Headless for a long period.
  • Infrastructural indequency
  • a. Telephone
  • b. basic amenities.
  • c. Office Building
  • d. Vehicles.

71
  • 5. Non Adoption of modern technology.
  • 6. Lack of motivation
  • 7. Non- Seriousness for capacity building through
    fruitful training .
  • 8. Lack of Co-ordination amongst line deptt.
  • 9. Lack of functionaries at the grass-root
    level.
  • 10. Duplication of collection of agricultural
    statistics specially in Horticulture Sugar
    cane.

72
  • IV. Task Ahead
  • Nodal functioning State Government has notified
    DES as the nodal agency in June 2009. It has to
    discharge the following roles -

72
73
(i) A central statistical body in the state to
provide. a. Technical leadership. b.
Co-ordination among line department. c. Unique,
reliable statistics on time.(ii) To develop
statistical set-up in the line deptt. to
cater their present and emerging statistical
need.(iii) Single point co-ordination body that
could provide all statistical requirement needed
by various Ministries/ Deptt. by the Government
of India. (iv) To build up capacity to meet up
SDDS (special data dissemination standerd) for
Macro-Economic parameters.
74
(v) To advise on methodology, tabulation and
digitalization of various type of survey,
propounded by the State Government.(vi)
Capacity building of all the technical personals
in the various deptt.(vii) Anual statistical
auditing of the various deptt. and its
submission to the Government.
75
ISSP Initiated by the MOSPI for implementation
in 11th Plan with assistance from the World
Bank
  • Objective To help in achieving the proposal of
    the NSC to enable state
  • provide reliable, timely and credible social and
    economic statistics
  • stimulate research and promote informed debate
    relating to conditions affecting peoples life

76
SSSP Team
  • Principal Secretary Mr. Vijoy Prakash
  • (Planning Development)
  • Consultant Dr. S. K. Sinha
  • Jt. Director and Head Dr. J. K. Sinha
  • Dy. Director Dr. Nirbhay Kumar

76
77
Chronology of Events
  • 08.04.2008
  • Participation in National level workshops
    for ISSP
  • 15.04.2008
  • Meeting-cum-workshops for evaluation of
    current Status of Statistical wing under various
    departments
  • 24.04.2008
  • Letter of Participation (LoP) submitted
  • June 2008
  • Meeting-cum-workshop for assessing gaps in
    functioning of ISSP
  • 09.09.2008
  • Participated at National Conference of
    Ministers-in-Charge of Statistics organised by
    MoSPI

77
78
Chronology of Events
  • 12.03.2009
  • Orientation Meeting for
    review of SSSP headed
  • by Chief Secretary
  • 16 departments comprising of 52 officers
    participated
  • 12.06.2009
  • High Level Steering Committee (HLSC)
    headed
  • by Development Commissioner set up

78
79
Chronology of Events
  • 18.08.2009
  • First Meeting of High Level Steering
    Committee
  • Major decisions
  • Recommendation of NSC be implemented
  • to take steps to reduce the burden of the
    additional work given to lowest-level government
    functionaries such as patwaris and primary
    teachers
  • The authorities should be vigilant that all
    relevant units file with them regularly the
    statutory statistical returns required by the
    Acts and Rules

79
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  • The State Directorates of Economics and
    Statistics (DESs) should develop capabilities to
    tabulate data on demand and to analyze data from
    different sources.
  • Accord priority to computerisation of
    administrative offices that generate
    administrative statistics.
  • Should fully exploit the potential of their
    participation in the National Sample Survey
    Programme by using the survey data as a data-bank
    and by utilizing the survey mechanism for ad hoc
    collection of additional simple data required by
    the Government.
  • Should support the Directorate in the creation of
    sample survey capabilities by creating sample
    survey divisions in them.
  • To undertake tabulation of NSS data, which they
    are collecting in their matching samples.

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  • Develop the necessary analytical capabilities to
    carry out data -analysis relevant to the problems
    of decision-making of the Government.
  • The Directorate of Economics and Statistics
    should also be authorized to convene a biennial
    conference to review the State Statistical system
    and its activities.
  • To cerate a common statistical cadre and state
    Statistical Service for manning statistical posts
    in all departments.
  • The heads of the departments of the State
    Governments should closely involve their
    departmental statisticians in their
    decision-making process.

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  • DES official be included in Deptt. State
    Committee
  • DES to review statistical working of the Deptts.
  • Common state cadre for Gaz. / Non-Gaz.
  • Consultant to be appointed
  • Restructuring and improvement to be considered in
    formulation of SSSP.

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Our Approach
  • Changing the perception of Statistics in public
    service
  • Not merely sending information called for
  • Aid to Decision Making on every day basis
  • Tool for Policy Making
  • Helps in making unbiased comparison
  • Accurate chronicle of work done
  • Help in measuring outcomes rather than being
    content with outlays
  • Comprehensiveness cover more than we do now

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How To Proceed About Our Task
  • The First Step -
  • Preparatory Meetings with each Department for
    preparation of Status Paper completed in June
    2010 which was attended by
  • Secretaries/HoDs
  • Consultant-SSSP
  • Senior DES officials

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Step II
  • Interactions with
  • Central Government Organizations in the State
  • RBI, NABARD Banks
  • Universities
  • Research Institutes
  • Non Governmental Organizations
  • Chambers of Commerce
  • Industry Associations
  • Completed in June 2010.

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Step III
  • Draft Report Submission by the Consultant to
    State Government by 30th Sept. 2010
  • Five draft chapters sent to DES
  • Consultant assured that draft will be ready by
    end of Sep. 2010.
  • A meeting with CSO officials, DES officials and
    the consultant will be held in the first week of
    Oct. 2010 to informally discuss the draft and
    revise it, if necessary
  • Submission of report to the State Govt.
  • Discussion on the report in a workshop of
    Departmental Secretaries.

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Step IV
  • Approval by the State Government and submission
    to the CSO, New Delhi by 30th Nov. 2010

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Other Issues for discussion
  • State Government has intimated its comment on the
    collection of Statistics act and collection of
    Statistics Rules- 2009 vide letter No.- 1427
    dated 11.08.2009.
  • The DES engage the services of non-statistician
    for ad-hoc survey only. They are adequately
    trained for the purpose. The State Govt. purposed
    to create a pool of manpower at the Panchayat
    level, (Currently in five districts - Bhojpur,
    Purnia, Khagariya, Muzaffarpur and East
    Champaran) who could perform basic level
    Statistical work at the grass root level.

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  • 3. Co-ordination between Centre and State is not
    firmly defined. Center sometimes directly intract
    with the line department and sometimes through
    the DES. It often results is parallel set of
    data- which create ambiguity.
  • 4. Planning, Programme implementetion and
    Statistics wing presently function separately
    with least co-ordination.

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  • 5. The State Govt. could not identify core
    statistics as per the act but it feels
    following/item may be relevant for this purpose
  • (i) Irrigations.
  • (ii) Roads and Buildings.
  • (iii) Women and child development.
  • (iv) Human development.
  • (v) Disaster Management.
  • (vi) Local level Basic statistics.
  • 6. DES has to conduct statistical audit at state
    and sub state level once it develop adequate
    strength and capacity.

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Thank you
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  • Initiatives for SSSP

Directorate of Economics Statistics Planning
Development Department Bihar, Patna
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Background
  • Indian Official Statistical System

National Statistical System (The national level
estimates/ aggregates)
State Statistical System (The State level
estimates/ aggregates)
  • Most of the statistics is by-product of
    Administration regulation of specific
    programmes.
  • Data gap is met by Sample Surveys
  • Liberalisation process in the last decade of
    twentieth century led to market-oriented economy.

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  • Statistical system needed reviewed as
  • Weakening of various statistical reporting
    system
  • Demand of high quality data by private sector
  • Demand of data need of local bodies
  • Demand of data gap in service sector
  • Govt. appointed commission under Dr. C.
    Rangarajan (Jan.2000)
  • To examine deficiencies in the statistical
    system.
  • To recommend measures for its systematic
    revamping.

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  • Dr. C. Rangrajan NSC Report (Sept.2001)
  • Reviewed the Indian Statistical System
  • In respect of SSS, mentioned that
  • Deteriotion of Primary Reporting System in
    Administrative Statistics, specially Agriculture,
    Labour Education.
  • Weak co-ordination system between State and
    Centre
  • Weak co-ordination system between DES and Line
    Deptt.

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  • Major recommendations were
  • Improvement in PRS of Administrative Statistics
  • Improvement in analytical capabilities of the
    DES
  • Enhancing status of the DES to the level of
    Deptt.
  • Enhancing status of the Director to the level of
    Deptt. Secretary
  • Director be professional Economist/Statistician
  • Common Statistical Cadre
  • Constitution of State Statistical Commission

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ISSP Initiated by the MOSPI for implementation
in 11th Plan with assistance from the World Bank
  • Objective To help in achieving the proposal of
    the NSC to enable state
  • provide reliable, timely and credible social and
    economic statistics
  • stimulate research and promote informed debate
    relating to conditions affecting peoples life

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  • 2. Implementation Two tiers
  • 1st-Tier comprise assessment Recommendations
  • 2nd-Tier comprise completion of Tier-1 activities

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  • 3. J.P.Associate made assessment
    recommendation for Bihar in the framework of 20
    core statistics Assessment covered technical
    parameters
  • periodicity
  • timeliness
  • methodology
  • flow of information
  • data gaps
  • deficiencies associated problem
  • organisational functional structure
  • co-ordination
  • human resources
  • IT
  • physical infrastructure
  • outputs dissemination

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  • 4. Norms performance standards
  • India subscribes to the IMF
  • Data Assessment Quality Framework (has SDDS,
    GDDS, CSO Benchmark for dissemination)
  • 9 core statistics has SDDS/GDDS
  • SDP
  • Capital Formation Savings
  • DDP
  • IIP
  • CPI
  • WPI
  • Labour Employment Statistics
  • Population
  • Major Fiscal variable

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  • 3 core statistics has GDDS only
  • Health, morbidity, mortality FW Statistics
  • Education
  • Water supply Sanitation

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  • Remainder core statistics has to be assigned
    standard similar to GDDS by the CSO
  • Contribution of local bodies
  • Crop Area and Production
  • Housing Statistics
  • Electricity Statistics
  • Environmental Forest Statistics
  • Transport Statistics
  • Statistics for local area planning
  • Annual Survey of Industries Participation in
    NSSO

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Chronology of Events
  • 08.04.2008
  • Participation in National level workshops
    for ISSP
  • 15.04.2008
  • Meeting-cum-workshops for evaluation of
    current Status of Statistical wing under various
    departments
  • 24.04.2008
  • Letter of Participation (LoP) submitted
  • June 2008
  • Meeting-cum-workshop for assessing gaps in
    functioning of ISSP
  • 09.09.2008
  • Participated at National Conference of
    Ministers-in-Charge of Statistics organised by
    MoSPI

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Chronology of Events
  • 12.03.2009
  • Orientation Meeting for
    review of SSSP headed
  • by Chief Secretary
  • 16 departments comprising of 52 officers
    participated
  • 12.06.2009
  • High Level Steering Committee (HLSC)
    headed
  • by Development Commissioner set up

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Chronology of Events
  • 18.08.2009
  • First Meeting of High Level Steering
    Committee
  • Major decision
  • Principal Secretary to decide on constitution of
    a cell
  • (with possibility of consideration of a ISS
    officer)
  • Recommendation of NSC be implemented
  • The breakdown of the Administrative Statistical
    System needs the immediate attention of the
    highest authorities of State Government. They are
    urged to take steps to reduce the burden of the
    additional work given to lowest-level government
    functionaries such as patwaris and primary
    teachers so that they can effectively carry out
    the statistical functions assigned to them.

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  • The authorities should also instruct the offices
    implementing different Act and Rules to be
    vigilant that all relevant units file with them
    regularly the statutory statistical returns
    required by the Acts and Rules, and take
    necessary action under the Acts against the
    defaulting units.
  • The State Directorates of Economics and
    Statistics (DESs) should develop capabilities to
    tabulate data on demand and to analyze data from
    different sources. For this they should organize
    all the data that the State's statistical system
    possesses in an appropriate manner.
  • The State Government should accord priority to
    computerisation of administrative offices that
    generate administrative statistics.

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  • The Directorate of Economics and Statistics
    should fully exploit the potential of their
    participation in the National Sample Survey
    Programme by using the survey data as a data-bank
    and by utilizing the survey mechanism for ad hoc
    collection of additional simple data required by
    the Government.
  • The State Government should support the
    Directorate of Economics and Statistics in the
    creation of sample survey capabilities by
    creating sample survey divisions in them.
  • The State Government should make the necessary
    resources available to the Directorate of
    Economics and Statistics for computerization and
    development of necessary software to make the
    Directorate of Economics and Statistics self
    sufficient in this respect. This will help them
    to undertake tabulation of NSS data, which they
    are collecting in their matching samples.

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  • The Directorate of Economics and Statistics
    should develop the necessary analytical
    capabilities to carry out data -analysis relevant
    to the problems of decision-making of the
    Government.
  • For strengthening the effectiveness of the
    statistical system of the government, the State
    Government should create a separate Department of
    Statistics by elevating the existing Directorate
    of Economics and Statistics to the level of a
    Department and the Director of the existing
    Directorate of Economics and Statistics to the
    level of Secretary to the Government. The
    Department of Statistics should have complete
    freedom in statistical work. The head of the
    department of Statistics should be a professional
    statistician or a professional economist with
    experience in large-scale data collection and
    empirical analysis of data.

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  • The State Government should closely involve the
    Director of Directorate of Economics and
    Statistics in its decision-making processes by
    making him a member of or an invitee to
    committees and groups dealing with plans and
    programme in substantive fields.
  • The State Government should strengthen the role
    of the Directorates of Economics and Statistics
    as coordinator of their statistical activities
    by empowering them to take a technical review of
    the statistical activities of all departments
    every year. The Directorates of Economics and
    Statistics should also be asked to make a report
    to the Government of its comments on and
    suggestions for these activities. The
    Directorates of Economics and Statistics should
    also be authorized to convene a biennial
    conference to review the State Statistical system
    and its activities.

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  • The State Government should take steps to cerate
    a common statistical cadre and state
    Statistical Service for manning statistical posts
    in all departments.
  • The heads of the departments of the State
    Governments should closely involve their
    departmental statisticians in their
    decision-making process. To give institutional
    support to their role, the departmental
    statisticians should be placed directly under the
    head of the department.
  • . In view of the renewed importance of the Block
    Statistical Organisation in the context of local
    area planning, the State Government should bring
    it directly within the fold of the States'
    Statistical System by either transferring the
    organisation to their Directorates of Economics
    and Statistics , or by making it responsible for
    its statistical work to the Directorate and
    bringing it under the Directorates technical
    supervision through the district statistical
    organisation. .

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  • The State Government may consider setting up
    commissions or committees to advise them on the
    manner of implementation of these recommendations
    and on other issues relating to States
    Statistical system.
  • DES official included in Deptt. State Committee
  • DES to review statistical working of the Deptts.
  • Common state cadre for Gaz. / Non-Gaz.
  • Consultant to be appointed
  • Restructuring and improvement to be considered in
    formulation of SSSP.

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  • J P Associates Recommendations
  • - Manpower Gap for 20 core
    statistical activities
  • Available - 746
  • Optimum Requirement - 1714
  • Gap - 968
  • DES Hq DSO
    Block Line Deptt.

  • (29) (561) (245)
    (133)
  • - Activities with high resource gap
  • Crop Area and Production
  • Price Statistics
  • Statistics related to Birth-Death registration
  • Participation in NSSO Survey
  • Statistics for Local Area Planning

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- Training DES should develop a training
programme like
(i) Induction training course
for all new statistical staff
(ii) Training for middle-level staff
(iii) Refresher training programmes for all
officers (iv) Specialized
training programme to develop a core group of
specialist who can also serve as trainers
(v) Management of statistical system
(vi) I T Training
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- Assessment of Physical Infrastructure
  • (i) Office space for DES
    (Hq.)
  • (ii) Office equipment
  • Photocopiers for Hq., Div.level and Distt.level
  • FAX for Hq.(Officers), Div.level and Distt.level
  • Generator for power backup(Div. Distt.
    level)
  • (iii) Vehicles for Hq.,
    Div.level Distt. level
  • (iv) Internet connectivity for
    Div. Distt. level

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  • Fund requirements
  • A. D E S, BIHAR

Sl. No. Item Approx. Cost (Rs. in Crore)
1 Augmentation of infrastructure in terms of-
Hardware Network facilities for data processing 3.60
Software 0.50
V.SAT components and installation 0.10
Sub-Total 4.20
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Contd...
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  • Fund requirements
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