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TWO-DIMENSIONAL ARTS

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Title: TWO-DIMENSIONAL ARTS


1
TWO-DIMENSIONAL ARTS
2
Two-Dimensional Arts Disciplines
Two-Dimensional Arts gt Drawing gt
Painting gt Printmaking gt Camera Arts /
Photography gt Computer Imaging gt
Graphic Design gt Illustration gt Film
3
Purposes of Drawing
DrawingPurposes of Drawing as a personal
notation, sketch, or record of something seen,
remembered, or imagined as a study for
another, usually larger and more complex work
such as a sculpture, a building, a film, a
painting - or another drawing as an end in
itself, a complete work of art
4
Sketching
5
Studying
6
Drawing
7
Drawing Techniques
CROSS-HATCHING
CONTOUR-HATCHING
HATCHING
8
Dry Media
Dry Mediagt Pencilgt Charcoalgt Conte Crayongt
Pastel
PENCIL ON CARDBOARD
9
Dry Media Images 1
CHARCOAL AND BLACK CHALK ON PAPER
PENCIL ON PAPER
10
Dry Media Images 2
CHARCOAL ON PAPER
11
Wet Media
PEN AND INK
Wet Mediagt Pen and Inkgt Brush and Wash
12
Washes
Washes - are drawings done with ink thinned with
water and executed with a brush.
BRUSH DRAWING
BRUSH AND WASH
13
Painting Components
PaintingPaints consist of three
componentsPigment - provides color.Binder -
mixes with the pigment to hold the pigment
particles together without dissolving them and
to attach the pigment to a surface.Vehicle -
spreads the pigment.
14
Painting Media
Mediagt Watercolor (Water)gt Tempera (Egg)gt
Oil (Linseed Oil)gt Acrylic (Plastic)gt Encaustic
(Wax)gt Fresco (Plaster)
15
Watercolor Image 1
WATERCOLOR
16
Tempera Image 1
TEMPERA ON WOOD
17
Oil Image 1
OIL ON CANVAS
18
Oil Image 2
OIL ON CANVAS
19
Acrylic Image1
ACRYLIC ON CANVAS
20
Acrylic Image2
OIL AND ACRYLIC ON CANVAS
21
Encaustic 1
ENCAUSTIC ON CANVAS
ENCAUSTIC ON LIMEWOOD
22
Fresco 1
FRESCO ON PLASTER
23
Fresco 2
FRESCO ON PLASTER
24
Printmaking
PrintmakingPrintmaking - describes a
variety of media developed to create multiple
images. Edition - a series of original
multiples, should not be confused with commercial
mass printed reproductions.Original - is a
work of art where the artist is physically
involved with the production of the work.
25
Anatomy of a Color Print
26
First and Second Colors
27
Third Color
28
Fourth Color
29
Fifth Color
30
Completed Color Print
31
Printmaking Techniques
Printmaking TechniquesRelief Printing -
woodcut, linocut, wood engravings, rubber
stamping.Intaglio - etching, drypoint,
engraving, collographic printing.Lithography -
planographic printing. Serigraphy -
silk-screen, screenprinting, stencil printing.
32
Relief Process
In a relief process, the printmaker cuts away all
parts of the printing surface not meant to carry
the ink, leaving the design to be printed in
relief at the level of the original surface. The
surface is then inked, and the ink transferred to
paper with pressure.
33
Relief Process
CUTTING A WOODBLOCK
WOODCUT TOOLS
34
Relief Process
PULLING A RELIEF PRINT
35
Relief Images 1
COLOR LINOCUT
WOODCUT
36
Relief Images 2
WOOD ENGRAVING
37
Ukiyo-e
Ukiyo-e Ukiyo-e woodblock prints were created
in eighteenth and nineteenth century Edo (now
Tokyo). Translated, Ukiyo-e means pictures of
the transient world of everyday life. This style
of printmaking reflected on the pleasures of
life the world of fashion and beauty, the
theater, and erotic, joyous sexual encounters, as
well as other aspects of everyday life.
38
Ukiyo-e Images 1
UKIYO-E WOODBLOCK PRINT
UKIYO-E WOODBLOCK PRINT
39
Ukiyo-e Images 2
UKIYO-E WOODBLOCK PRINT
40
Ukiyo-e Images 3
UKIYO-E COLOR WOODBLOCK PRINT
41
Intaglio Process
Intaglio printing is the opposite of relief
areas below the surface hold the ink. Intaglio
comes from the Italian intagliare, to cut into.
The image to be printed is either cut or
scratched into a metal surface or etched into the
surface by acid. To make a print, the ink is
rubbed into the cut grooves and wiped away from
the surface and then printed onto paper with
pressure.
42
Engraving Image 1
ENGRAVING
43
Intaglio Process
The process of making an etching begins with the
preparation of a metal plate with a ground - a
protective coating of acid-resistant material
that covers the zinc or copper. The printmaker
then draws in the ground, exposing the metal
before immersing the plate in acid. The acid then
bites into the plate creating the grooves that
will hold the ink.
44
Intaglio Process
WIPING AN INTAGLIO PLATE
PULLING AN INTAGLIO PRINT
45
Intaglio Images 1
LINE ETCHING
LINE AND AQUATINT ETCHING
46
Drypoint
In Drypoint, the printmaker uses a thin,
pencil-like, tool with a steel or diamond tip, to
dig lines into a soft copper or zinc plate. The
displaced metal leaves a burr, or rough edge that
catches the ink and, when printed, leaves a
slightly blurred line.
47
Drypoint Image 1
DRYPOINT ETCHING
48
Lithography
Lithography is a surface or planographic printing
process based on the mutual antipathy of oil and
water. It lends itself well to a direct manner of
working because the artist works directly on the
surface of the stone or plate without any cutting.
49
Lithography Process
TREATING A LITHO STONE
PULLING A LITHOGRAPH PRINT
50
Lithography Image 1
LITHOGRAPH
51
Lithography Image 2
LITHOGRAPH
52
Lithography Image 3
COLOR LITHOGRAPH
53
Screenprinting
Modern screenprinting is a refinement of the
ancient and relatively simple technique of
stencil printing. In screenprinting, a stencil is
adhered to a screen made of fabric stretched
across a frame. With a rubber-edged tool, called
a squeegee, ink is pushed through the open areas
of the fabric to make an image of the stencil.
54
Screenpringint Image 1
SILKSCREEN ON CANVAS
55
Screenprinting Image 2
COLOR SCREENPRINT
56
Graphic Design
Graphic DesignGraphic Design - refers to the
process of working with words and pictures to
create solutions to problems of visual
communication.
57
Graphic Design Image 1
58
Graphic Design Image 2
59
Logo
Logo - is an identifying mark, or trademark,
based on letter forms.
60
Logo Images 1
61
Symbol
Symbol - is an identifying mark based on
pictorial sources rather than typographic sources.
62
Typography
Typography
Typography - is the art and technique of
composing printed material from letterforms
(typefaces or fonts).
63
Typography Images 1
64
Illustration
IllustrationIllustration - is a picture or
decoration created to enhance the appearance of
written material or to clarify its meaning.
65
Illustration Image 1
66
Illustration Image 2
67
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