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History of Video Games

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This presentation will cover the history of video games, from their modest ... Their most popular game was PONG (based on table tennis) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: History of Video Games


1
History of Video Games
  • From Pong to Wii

2
Introduction
  • This presentation will cover the history of video
    games, from their modest origin to the present,
    covering the timeframe between 1947 to now.
  • It will tell you about certain events that
    happened to the video gaming industry.
  • It will also show you various consoles created
    during their times.

3
The Early Years
  • The first video game was believed to be made in
    1947.
  • The game was a simulation of a missile being
    fired at a target.
  • This game was inspired by radar screens used
    during World War II.

4
The 1960s
  • In 1961, a group of students at MIT programmed a
    game called Spacewar!
  • Two human players played against each other and
    each controlled a space ship that fired missiles.
  • This game was soon distributed with the new DEC
    computers. It was the first widely available
    videogame.

5
The 70s Dawn of the Arcade Games
  • In 1971, Nolan Bushnell created a coin operated
    version of Spacewar!
  • The game was not a success because it was very
    difficult.
  • So, in 1972, Bushnell founded his own company
    Atari.

6
A little bit on Atari
  • Atari was the pioneer for home video games.
  • Their most popular game was PONG (based on table
    tennis).
  • Other notable games Atari created include
    Asteroids, Millipede, and Missile Command.

7
1978-1980 The Golden Age for the Arcade
  • This was the era that Space Invaders, Asteroids,
    and Pac Man were created.
  • Arcade games became more popular with the
    addition of color graphics.
  • The Golden Age was capped off with arcades
    appearing in popular teen hang outs such as malls
    and convenience stores.

8
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9
The 1980s The 1st major setback for the Arcades.
  • Overnight businesses began appearing to compete
    with honest businesses and performed operations
    that cheated the games developers.
  • An example of this would be making games that
    were simple clones of already existing arcade
    games for relatively lower publishing costs.
  • To battle this, the gaming industry decided to
    focus more on making personal computer games.

10
Handheld Games
  • Also appearing in the 1980s were the handheld
    games.
  • These were very popular because they could be
    taken anywhere and were also cheaper.
  • Such examples include Game Boy and Tiger
    Electronics.

11
The 3rd Generation of Games
  • Pong (1st) and Atari (2nd) had been the
    uncontested leaders of their generations
    respectively.
  • With the 3rd generation, there was finally
    competition in the video game industry.
  • The 3rd generation introduced consumers to
    Nintendo and Sega. These were also the 1st
    systems to use 8-bit graphics.

12
3rd Generation Gaming Devices
13
The Early 90s
  • During the early 90s, the video game industry
    was starting to be operated like all of the other
    big businesses.
  • This means that the bigger corporations were
    starting to crush or absorb the little guys to
    maximize profits and lower risks.
  • The early 90s also brought in the 4th generation
    of games.

14
Early 90s Games
  • The 4th generation games improved from 8-bit to
    16-bit.
  • This generation introduced us to the first person
    shooters and survival horror genres with
    Wolfenstein and Alone in the Dark, paving the way
    for classics like Doom and Resident Evil.
  • Oh yeah, lets not forget Sonic the Hedgehog.

15
Start of Video Game Controversy
  • The 4th Generation of games brought something
    else to the 90s Violence and blood.
  • In 1992, there was a Senate investigation into
    video game violence, with Joe Lieberman and
    Hillary Clinton speaking out against the games.
  • This actually gave a few games, like Doom and
    Mortal Kombat, more commercial success with all
    of the free publicity they were receiving.

16
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17
The Peak of Handheld Games
  • Handheld games also reached their highest point
    of popularity in the early 90s.
  • Several Rivals to the Game Boy debuted during
    this time, including Sega Game Gear and Atari
    Lynx.
  • The Game Boy remained 1 thanks to the help of
    the popular puzzle game Tetris.

18
1995 Start of the 5th Generation
  • In 1995, Sega introduced Sega Saturn, while Sony
    made its debut into the video gaming industry
    with the Playstation.
  • Both consoles upgraded from 16 to 32-bit.
  • During this time, Playstation made the role
    playing game (RPG) and stealth-based games
    popular with the classics Final Fantasy VII and
    Metal Gear Solid.

19
Death of the Arcade
  • With the consoles switching from 16-bit to
    32-bit, home video games began to approach the
    looks of arcade games.
  • Most people would wait for the games to appear on
    their home consoles rather than going out.
  • Also, by this time, arcades had earned a
    reputation for being unsafe places.
  • Many arcades were forced to shut down.

20
A year later
  • After many delays, Nintendo released the first
    64-bit system, the Nintendo 64, in 1996.
  • The decision to skip the 32-bit phase and jump
    right into 64-bit apparently paid off it sold
    more than 1.5 million copies in just 3 months.
  • It was bundled with Super Mario 64, which became
    a defining title for 3D platform games.

21
2000 2003 A few things that happened
  • 2000 The Sims is released. It becomes the 1
    selling computer game of all time, passing Myst.
  • 2001 Microsoft enters the video game industry
    with the release of Xbox.
  • 2002 Sega becomes a 3rd party developer for
    Nintendo, Sony, and Microsoft.
  • 2003 Halo becomes the best selling Xbox game.

22
Handheld Games Make a Strong Comeback
  • In 2004, Nokia entered the handheld market with
    the N-Gage game-phone hybrid.
  • Also in 2004, Nintendo released the Nintendo DS.
  • In 2005, Sony released the Playstation Portable
    (PSP).

23
Generations 5-7
Company Generation 5 Generation 6 Generation 7
Sega Saturn Dreamcast
Sony Playstation Playstation 2 Playstation 3
Nintendo Nintendo 64 GameCube Wii
Microsoft Xbox Xbox 360
24
2006-???
  • Earlier this month, Nintendo released their
    newest video game console, the Wii, which
    features a new remote-control shaped controller.
  • The controller is based around direct motion
    control whatever you do with your hands affects
    what happens on the screen.
  • Who will know what the future has in store for
    video games?
  • I guess well just have to wait and see to find
    out

25
Work Cited
  • www.gameinformer.com
  • www.google.com
  • www.juegomania.org
  • http//www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15734058
  • http//www.pbs.org/kcts/videogamerevolution/histor
    y
  • http//ratemyeverything.net/post.aspx?post201
  • www.wikipedia.org
  • www.yahoo.com
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