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Johannes Brahms: Pianist, Conductor, Composer

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Born May 7, 1833 (Hamburg, Germany) Lived in Vienna, Austria ... Star Trek, Peanuts cartoon, Merrie Melodies cartoon, Fawlty Towers TV show, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Johannes Brahms: Pianist, Conductor, Composer


1
Johannes BrahmsPianist, Conductor, Composer
  • Geoff Myers

Without craftsmanship, inspiration is a mere
reed shaken in the wind.
2
Introduction
  • Born May 7, 1833 (Hamburg, Germany)
  • Lived in Vienna, Austria
  • Died April 3, 1897 from cancer (Vienna, Austria)
  • Composer during Romantic period
  • Father Johann Jakob Brahms, musician
  • Mother Christiane Nissen, seamstress

Images from http//www.naxos.com/composer_image.a
sp?composerid139
3
Brief Biography
  • 1840 begins studying piano
  • 1846 begins studying theory composition
  • 1848 first public performance as piano soloist
  • 1853 tours with Reményi (Hungarian violinist)
  • 1853 meets Robert Clara Schumann
  • Becomes good friend of Robert, has romantic
    affair with Clara
  • 1863-4 director of the Vienna Singakademie
  • Tours in northern central Europe, teaches piano
  • 1868 settles in Vienna permanently

4
Brief Biography (cont.)
  • 1869 performance of the German Requiem
  • 1872-3 becomes conductor of Vienna
    Gesellschaftskonzerte
  • 1873 performance Variations on the St. Antony
    Chorale
  • 1876-1878 composes First Second Symphonies,
    Violin Concerto, Op. 69-72, and C Major Trio
  • 1881 Hans von Bülow shows support, allows Brahms
    to conduct the Meiningen Court Orchestra
  • 1890 retired from composing
  • 1897 dies of liver cancer

5
Orchestral Music
  • First, Second, Third, Fourth Symphonies
  • 2 Piano Concertos
  • Violin Concerto
  • Double Concerto(violin cello)
  • Academic Festival Overture
  • Tragic Overture

Variations on a Theme by Haydn Hungarian Dances
6
Chamber Music
  • 3 string quartets
  • 2 string quintets
  • 2 string sextets
  • Clarinet Quintet
  • Clarinet Trio
  • Horn Trio
  • Piano Quintet
  • 3 piano Quartets
  • 3 piano trios
  • 3 piano violin sonatas
  • 2 piano cello sonatas
  • 2 piano clarinet sonatas
  • Several piano solos
  • 200 songs
  • Chorale preludes for organ

7
Piano Music
  • 3 Piano Sonatas,Op. 1, 2 5
  • Four Ballads, Op. 10
  • Paganini Variations(piano solo), Op. 35
  • Fantasias, Op. 116
  • Variations on a Theme by Joseph Haydn(piano duet
    and for orchestra)

Variations on a Theme by Handel, Op. 24 (piano
solo)
8
Vocal Choral Music
  • Cradle Song (Wiegenlied, Brahms Lullaby)
  • The Liebeslieder Waltzes, Op. 52
  • Alto Rhapsody, Op. 53
  • Song of Destiny (Schicksalslied), Op. 54
  • Four Serious Songs,Op.121
  • Vain Serenade(Vergebliches Ständchen)

A German Requiem (Ein deutsches Requiem), Op. 45
9
Brahms Style
  • Seriousness
  • Later sadness
  • Different from Wagner Liszt, etc.
  • Mixed classicism with romanticism
  • Inspired by earlier composers (inc. Renaissance,
    esp. Beethoven)
  • Older forms of expression (e.g. variation)
  • Perfection
  • Concision strict
  • Personal

10
Significance
  • Brought absolute music back
  • Used old techniques in new, refreshing ways
  • Technically brilliant

11
Brahms Today
  • Examples
  • Hungarian Dances in Charlie Chaplin's The Great
    Dictator
  • Brahms' Lullaby in cartoons, etc.
  • Church music (choral organ)
  • Star Trek, Peanuts cartoon, Merrie Melodies
    cartoon, Fawlty Towers TV show, Leonard and Larry
    comic strip, etc.
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