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A Pivotal Moment In Time

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... Jim Crow was more than a series of rigid anti-Black laws. It was ... When revival started, thousands converged on the city from all over the world to attend. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Pivotal Moment In Time


1
A Pivotal Moment In Time Called Out of
Obscurity (I Cor.
126-29)
  • Presented By
  • Dr. Marlene Groomes C.A.P.P
  • MDC/Homestead Campus
  • School Of Arts and Science

2
Back to the Future The Event that Shook the
World
68th Top Event of the Millennium
3
The Times
4
Jim Crow The American Caste System
  • 1877 - 1960, Jim Crow was more than a series
    of rigid anti-Black laws. It was a way of life.
    African Americans were relegated to the status of
    second class citizens it was the legitimization
    of anti-Black racism.
  • Even many Christian ministers/theologians
    taught that Whites were the Chosen people, Blacks
    were cursed to be servants, and God supported
    racial segregation. Craniologists, eugenicists,
    phrenologists, and Social Darwinists, taught the
    belief that Blacks were innately intellectually
    and culturally inferior. Politicians gave
    speeches on the great danger of integration the
    mongrelization of the White race.

5
The Horrors of Jim Crow
  • Blacks could not shake hands with Whites it
    implied social equality
  • Blacks and Whites were not allowed to eat
    together/or area must be partitioned
  • Black male never to light cigarette for White
    female (it implied intimacy)
  • Blacks could show no public affection, especially
    kissing, it offended Whites.
  • Whites didnt use titles of respect to Blacks,
    only first names. Blacks used titles to Whites,
    no first names.

6
1906 Timeline
  • 1903 -- Ford sold first automobile
  • 1905 Einstein's Theory of Relativity
  • 1906
  • 1/31 Earthquake in Ecuador (8.6).
  • 4/7 - Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates
    Naples.
  • 4/18 - San Francisco Earthquake (7.8) - The most
    disastrous earthquake in America's history,
    killed 3,000 250,000 homeless
  • 9/18 - Typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated
    10,000 persons in Hong Kong.
  • 9/22 - Race riots in Atlanta, Georgia. Killed 21
    blacks and their business district is severely
    damaged. Atlanta, GA
  • 9/27 - Pensacola Hurricane
  • 10/11 - San Francisco public school board ordered
    Japanese students to be taught in racially
    segregated schools.
  • 10/23 First Powered Flight In Europe
  • 12/4 - Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, the first
    intercollegiate Greek- fraternity for African
    Americans, was founded at Cornell.
  • 12/24 - Fessenden makes the first radio
    broadcast DeForest invented triode electron
    tube, allowing amplification of electric signals,
    critical for long-distance telephones, radio/tv.

7
The Red Summer of 1906
8
Los Angeles, CA Circa 1906
  • Settled in 1781 by 11 men and their families -3
    Spaniards, 2 blacks, 2 mulattos, 4 Indians.
  • By 1900 there were over 100,000 residents of the
    city. A popular destination for many wanting to
    live the American dream.
  • In April 1906, the city was impacted by an
    earthquake that devastated San Francisco.
  • It became a center of oil production in the early
    20th century.
  • The city was warned that the county would soon
    dry up unless they built an aqueduct.
  • L.A. was a growing metropolis with a richness of
    racial and ethnic groups. Mexican, European,
    Asians, blacks, and Indians .
  • There were over 6,000 blacks in the city, whose
    population had doubled from the prior 10 years.
  • It was called the Promised Land/ the New or
    American Jerusalem.

9
The Great San Francisco Earthquake April 18,1906
10
Azusa Street- Los Angeles, CA Color lines were
washed away.
  • Services conducted in a small holiness mission on
    Azusa St. birthed a global spiritual renewal.
  • When revival started, thousands converged on the
    city from all over the world to attend.
  • They found a renewed sense of purpose by being
    saved, sanctified, or filled with the Holy Spirit
    with the evidence of speaking in other tongues. 
  • In one meeting over twenty nationalities were
    counted.
  • Fine ladies could be found lying on the floor
    next to domestic servants and washer women.
    Prominent churchmen and government officials sat
    next to field hands.
  • It was the great social equalizer for race,
    gender, age, and class.

11
William J. Seymour
The Leader and His Legacy
Revival is like a fire that is carried by the
windits sparks will ignite the dry wood in every
direction it blows. (Joyner, 2001)
1870-1922
12
His Life and the Greatest Revival of the 20th
Century
Verdunville, LA 1870
13
Chosen Leader
  • Son of former slaves
  • Illiterate
  • Self-taught by reading Bible
  • Blind in one eye
  • Severely scarred from Smallpox
  • Called the humble, faithful Pastor
  • Hailed the founder of the modern Pentecostal
    Movement
  • Helped spark spiritual renewal in the U. S. and
    the world.
  • A man - ahead of his times and bigger than his
    is environment

14
Stumbling Block to Education
  • Segregation Laws/Teaching Any instructor who
    shall teach in any school, college or institution
    where whites and blacks are received and enrolled
    as pupils for instruction shall be deemed guilty
    of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof,
    shall be fined.
  • Seymour was barred from the room, listened to
    Parham through an open door in his Houston Bible
    school. He was not even permitted to pray with
    others while seeking the baptism of the Holy
    Spirit.
  • Seymour didn't let that stop him from pursuing
    God.
  • He soon had grasp all of Parham teachings and was
  • released to start a negro work in California.

15
Humble Beginnings
Frank Bartleman
Azusa St. Committee
Prayer meetings on Bonnie Bray
16
A Father Kills His Son
  • Seymour- the message was about Jesus and racial/
    gender reconciliation. At Azusa blacks and
    whites, men and women were in leadership under
    Seymour-unprecedented in the days of Jim Crow.
  • Seymour-"No instrument that God can use is
    rejected on account of color or dress or lack of
    education."
  • His dream was shattered when his mentor Charles
    Parham visited Azusa Street in October of 1906.
  • The educated, white Parham was appalled at what
    he called "darky camp meeting stunts
  • Parhams racist views were hardening. By 1910 he
    had become Klan supporter
  • Parham challenged Seymours authority and
    unsuccessfully tried to take his church. He
    start a nearby rival ministry which soon failed.
  • Before 1906 had ended, most Azusa leaders left to
    form congregations, such as the 51st Street
    Apostolic Faith Mission, the Spanish AFM, and the
    Italian Pentecostal Mission, which consisted
    primarily of immigrant or ethnic groups, the
    poor, outcasts, newcomers, and/or the low-wage
    laborers.

17
From Beauty to Ashes Scattered all over
the Earth
  • It is hailed as one of the greatest events in
    Christian history.
  • However, the Azusa revival was destroyed by
    racism, jealousy, factioning, division and thief.
  • Clara Lum a leader in the ministry stole the
    mailing list of 50,000 monthly subscribers,
    because she was heartsick Seymour married. She
    started another church in Oregon
  • Because of these problems the sparks of revival
    and the gospel were carried all over the world.
    Twenty-five churches were started in L.A. in the
    first four years.
  • Many denominations were born from this movement,
    ex. Assemblies of God. But, racial segregation
    was institutionalized
  • Today, this great symbol of Gods moving in the
    earth is a parking lot.

We are on the verge of the greatest miracle the
world has ever seen." William J. Seymour
18
The Fire That Ignited the World
  • Some factors make this movement significant in
    large cultural terms
  • The massive number of adherents makes this the
    most important spiritual event of the 20th
    century
  • At least for a few years corporate worship
    transcended racial, gender, and age hierarchies
    dominated by Jim Crow paternalism.
  • It often overshadowed other mainline
    denominations, especially in the South.
  • The press was critically important in sustaining
    its national and worldwide exposure. (Stephens,
    2002)

19
Parallels and Paradigm Shifts
  • Bethlehem stable and Azusa stable
  • Humble shepherds and Seymour
  • Political and Social Oppression
  • Past and Present Global impact
  • Old Jerusalem and New Jerusalem

20
  • THE FLAME of Pentecostalism was first lighted in
    1901 that speaking in tongues was a sign of
    baptism in the Holy Spirit. It might have
    sputtered if not for William Joseph Seymour, a
    black preacher
  • He set out for L A, where his own baptism in the
    Spirit in 1906 brought him an enthusiastic
    following. He founded a the Azusa St. mission in
    an abandoned livery stable
  • Within two years his multicultural ministry sent
    missionaries to 25 countries.
  • Pentecostalism is a religion of the heart. Since
    a personal experience of God is as important as
    doctrine, it is an adaptable faith.
  • By the end of the 1960s, Protestants and
    Catholics had embraced the gifts of the Spirit in
    Charismatic renewal movements. Their worship
    services may feature speaking in tongues, and
    spiritual healing.
  • Today about a half billion are Pentecostal or
    Charismatic, and Pentecostals alone outnumber
    Anglicans, Baptists, Lutherans and Presbyterians
    combined they are the second largest sub-group
    of global Christianity.

21
From Seed to Fruits of Harvest
  • Lakewood Church is a megachurch of 30,000 adult
    in Houston, Texas

The impact from this small seed is continuing.
Through this Pentecostal Revival and subsequent
Charismatic Renewal more ministers, missionaries,
churches have been planted, and people brought to
salvation than any other movement in church
history. Soon the numbers of those impacted will
eclipse all other religious movements put
together. Rick Joyner
Yoido Full Gospel Church Seoul Korea 800,000
members Largest church in the world
22
Global Impact of Pentecostalism
  • Pentecostals/Charismatics- Segments of
    Christianity which believe in and experience the
    dynamic work of the Holy Spirit including
    supernatural demonstration of Gods power, with
    dynamic and participatory worship and zeal for
    evangelism. (Ma,2004)
  • Worldwide Impact
  • Educational reform and the establishment of many
    Colleges, Universities, and Seminaries at home
    and abroad.
  • Social and political liberation through legal and
    governmental reform.
  • Worldwide improvements and modernization of
    health care.
  • Racial and gender equality and justice.
  • Positive changes in socio-economic conditions.
  • Establishment of innumerable publications and
    periodicals.
  • Establishment of multimedia conglomerates- which
    utilizes radio, film, TV, and internet to preach
    the Gospel. Ex. TBN the largest Christian
    network, and possibly the largest of any in the
    world.
  • Supernatural phenomena millions of documented
    healings, miracles, salvations, revivals,
    psycho-social and socio-economic transformations.
  • Growth of a massive underground church movement
    in Asia, which will lead billions to Christ.

23
Lessons For Us 100 Years Later
  • Destiny and purpose doesnt have to be limited by
    your circumstances or environment, race, gender,
    or age.
  • Dont let your perceived limitations define
    you.
  • Seymour modeled, sound judgment, spiritual
    balance, personal integrity, and faithfulness He
    demonstrate the value of racial unity and
    cultural harmony. (Martin, 1999)
  • One man with God can change the world.
  • True and rich treasures can come to us from
    studying history
  • Those who look to the past, find
    the future. (Joyner, 2001)
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