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Antebellum America

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Four 'Republicans' split the vote and no one got a majority of the ... reign in 'wildcat' western banks that printed paper money and speculated on land ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Antebellum America


1
Antebellum America
  • Politics, Economics, and Society 1820-1860

2
Politics
3
Corrupt Bargain of 1824
  • Move to universal male suffrage
  • Four Republicans split the vote and no one got
    a majority of the electoral college vote
  • By the 12th amendment, it went to a vote of the
    House of Reps.
  • Former candidate Clay was Speaker of the House
    and did not want Jackson or ailing Crawford to
    win--threw support to John Quincy Adams
  • Clay was then appointed Secretary of State
  • Tarnished reputations of both men

4
John Quincy Adams
  • Spent many years as a respected diplomat
  • Lacked the personal touch, though
  • Urged build up of roads, national universities,
    observatories
  • Ideas were not popular with states rights
    advocates
  • Criticism starts early and continues throughout
    his presidency although most of claims were
    fabricated by Jackson supporters

5
Andrew Jackson
  • Representative of the rough-and-tumble west
  • Had lived a hard life
  • Allowed commoners into his government
  • Commanded fear and respect-vetoed laws and often
    ignored the Supreme Court
  • Spoils system--rewarded supporters with
    government positions

6
Tariff of Abominations
  • Wool manufactures in NE wanted higher tariffs
  • 1828-Jackson tried to make Adams look bad by
    allowing 45 tariff to pass
  • South complained that it just raised their prices
  • John C. Calhoun calls for nullification of the
    tariff by the states (only SC supported)
  • Tariff of 1832- lowered tariff some
  • Bloody Bill--gave president right to use army
    and navy to collect tariffs

7
Trail of Tears
  • Indians pushed off lands as states
    formed--supposed to sign official treaties
  • Some groups tried to assimilate and Christianize
    them
  • Jackson passes the Indian Removal Act to transfer
    Cherokee groups to Oklahoma
  • Established the Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Put down Seminole uprisings in Florida

8
Bank War
  • Jackson believed the Bank of the United States
    was a conspiracy against the common man--tool to
    make the rich richer
  • BUS was trying to reign in wildcat western
    banks that printed paper money and speculated on
    land
  • Henry Clay tried to end Jacksons popularity by
    trying to renew the BUS charter it passes by
    Jackson vetos it (even though Marshall says it is
    legal)
  • Jackson began removing funds to drain wealth
  • Sends economic system into a tailspin

9
Anti-Masonic Party
  • New party develops against establishment of the
    Masons
  • Aligned with Jacksons views, but anti-Jackson
  • Supported by church members that wanted reform
  • First time parties had National Conventions
  • Clay lands his third loss

10
Two Party System
  • A wide group assembled in opposition to King
    Andrew
  • Called themselves the Whigs--hoped to split votes
    and send election to House of Reps
  • Jackson put forward Martin van Buren
  • Whigs were too disorganized in 1836

11
Martin Van Buren
  • Inherited bank mess from Jackson
  • Supported the Divorce Bill to remove banking
    from US government
  • Beginning of independent treasury

12
Texas
  • Stephen Austin made deal with Mexico to bring in
    settlers--become Mexican, become Catholic, and no
    slavery
  • In the early 1830s, tensions rise between
    settlers and the Mexican government
  • Santa Ana raises an army and Texas declares
    independence
  • Series of battles at the Alamo and Goliad
  • US supported Texas, but it did not join the union
    because of the slavery issue

13
Election of 1840
  • Tippecanoe and Tyler, too!
  • William Harrison is put forward because of lack
    of enemies
  • Characterized as a poor farmer from Ohio
    drinking hard cider--not really true
  • Movement away from aristocratic national
    leadership
  • Democrats liberty of individual, states rights,
    from South and West, poorer folk
  • Whigs valued harmony between community and
    individual, from East, wealthier, wanted internal
    improvements, public schools and moral reforms

14
Economics
15
Societal Trends
  • Urban growth continued as settlers left for the
    West
  • Millions of immigrants came from Ireland and
    Germany
  • Irish vs. German immigrants
  • Antiforeignism rises nativists fear Catholicism
    challenging Protestantism
  • The Know-Nothing Party

16
Discuss What were the five most important
inventions of this time period?
17
Transporation
  • Erie Canal Song (watch video clip)
  • John Henry (by John Jackson)
  • When John Henry was a little baby boy, sitting on
    the his papa's knee
  • Well he picked up a hammer and little piece of
    steel
  • Said Hammer's gonna be the death of me, lord,
    lord
  • Hammer's gonna be the death of mine
  • The captain said to John Henry
  • I'm gonna bring that steam drill around
  • I'm gonna bring that sterm drill out on the job
  • I'm gonna whup that steel on down
  • Shenandoah

18
Society
19
Discuss How did the role of women change?
20
Compare the following American art pieces
21
Topics for Presentation
  • Second Great Awakening
  • Public Education
  • Temperance Movement
  • Utopian Societies
  • Scientific Achievements
  • Artistic Contributions
  • Literature and Transcendentalism
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