Infection Prevention in the Classroom Setting - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Infection Prevention in the Classroom Setting PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 1b4539-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Infection Prevention in the Classroom Setting

Description:

Materials provided by the USA Center for Rural Public Health Preparedness at the ... culture on agar in a Petri dish or touch fingers to the agar and then incubate ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:92
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 33
Provided by: ruralprep
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Infection Prevention in the Classroom Setting


1
Infection Prevention in the Classroom Setting
  • Texas Public Health Training Center
  • in partnership with the
  • USA Center for Rural Public Health Preparedness

Materials provided by the USA Center for Rural
Public Health Preparedness at the Texas AM
Health Science Center School of Rural Public
Health supported by Grant/Cooperative Agreement
Number 5U90TP624250-04. Contents are solely the
responsibility of the authors and do not
necessarily represent the official views of CDC.
2
Welcome!
  • Germs can spread rapidly in a classroom setting,
    so staying informed and active to protect
    yourself and students from infectious diseases is
    essential. Increased awareness will minimize the
    risk of infection, prevent disease transmission,
    and preserve a healthy and safe classroom
    environment.
  • The Texas Public Health Training Center in
    partnership with the USA Center for Rural Public
    Health Preparedness at Texas AM Health Science
    Center School of Rural Public Health designed
    this train-the-trainer activity for teachers and
    their students. It provides information, ideas,
    and learning activities for the classroom to help
    keep children healthy and prevent the spread of
    infection in the classroom setting.

3
What is an Infectious Disease?
  • Infection
  • An infection occurs when microorganisms, or
    germs, enter and multiply in the body.
  • Infectious Disease
  • An infectious disease occurs when the infection
    damages the body and produces signs and symptoms
    indicating the body is unhealthy.
  • Infectious Agent
  • Infectious agents are microorganisms such as
    bacteria, fungi, viruses, protozoa, and parasites
    that can cause infectious disease.

www.mayoclinic.com/health/infectious-disease/ID000
4
4
Infectious Disease Examples
  • Common Cold
  • Influenza
  • Meningitis
  • Chickenpox
  • Staph / Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus
    aureus (MRSA)
  • Tuberculosis
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
  • Head lice
  • Ringworm
  • Salmonellosis
  • Chlamydia
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Hepatitis A, B, and C

www.go.mb.ca/health/publichealth/cdc/fs/infcontshe
lter.pdf
5
Influenza
  • Seasonal Flu
  • - Respiratory illness caused by influenza
    viruses
  • - Annual outbreaks among humans
  • - Vaccination available
  • H1N1 (Swine) Flu
  • - Contagious new influenza virus
  • - Vaccine will be available
  • H5N1 (Bird) Flu
  • - Highly contagious, deadly infection occurs
    naturally among birds
  • - Presently, no sustained human-to-human
    transmission
  • - May evolve to infect and spread among human
    population
  • - No vaccine
  • Pandemic Flu
  • - World-wide outbreak of any new strain of
    influenza virus
  • - Little or no human immunity
  • - No vaccine

www.flu.gov
6
How Are Infectious Diseases Spread?
  • Understanding how infectious diseases are spread
    is important for minimizing the risk of infection
    and preventing disease transmission.
  • Three ways in which infectious diseases can be
    transmitted
  • Direct transmission
  • Indirect transmission
  • Airborne transmission

www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/spb/mnpages/glossary.htm
7
Direct Transmission
  • Direct transmission occurs when an infectious
    agent is transferred directly into the body such
    as through the eyes, nose, mouth, or through a
    break in the skin such as a cut on the finger.
    Infectious agents are spread directly in the
    following ways
  • Person-to-person
  • through physical contact including touching,
    biting, hugging, or kissing
  • Example MRSA, Hepatitis
  • Animal-to-person
  • through physical contact, bites, and scratches
  • Example Ringworm, Rabies
  • Infectious droplets
  • during coughing, sneezing, talking, singing, and
    spitting
  • (spread is limited to approximately three feet)
  • Example Cold, Influenza

www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/spb/mnpages/glossary.htm
8
Indirect Transmission
  • Infectious diseases are spread indirectly through
    vehicles and vectors.
  • Vehicle-borne transmission
  • Some infectious agents can linger on inanimate
    objects, such as desks, chairs, computer
    keyboards, doorknobs, faucets, toys, eating
    utensils, or clothing.
  • Example Touching a pencil used by a person
    infected with the flu and then touching the eyes,
    nose, or mouth before performing hand hygiene.
  • Other vehicles include food, water, and
    biological products such as blood and body
    fluids.
  • Example Eating peanut butter contaminated with
    Salmonella, or pepperoni contaminated with E.
    coli.
  • Vector-borne transmission
  • Common vectors include insects, such as
    mosquitoes, ticks, and lice.
  • Example Becoming infected with West Nile Virus
    as a result of being bitten by an infected
    mosquito, or sharing a comb with someone who has
    head lice.

www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/spb/mnpages/glossary.htm
9
Airborne Transmission
  • Airborne transmission is the spread of infectious
    agents as aerosols that usually enter the
    respiratory tract. Unlike the infectious
    droplets, these tiny particles have the ability
    to remain suspended in the air for long periods
    of time and travel long distances.
  • Tuberculosis, chicken pox, and the measles are
    examples
  • of infectious diseases spread by airborne
    particles.
  • Example An individual becomes infected with
    Severe Acute
  • Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) by inhaling
    infectious
  • airborne particles while on a crowded bus.

www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/spb/mnpages/glossary.htm
10
Importance of Hand Hygiene
  • Hand hygiene, including handwashing and the use
    of hand sanitizer, is extremely important in
    preventing infectious disease transmission in a
    classroom environment.
  • Many people tend to minimize the significance of
    hand hygiene, often forgetting or eliminating
    hand washing due to busy schedules, lack of
    available soap and water, and inconvenience, but
    this is the single most important practice to
    prevent the spread of infectious disease. It is
    also the best method to protect children from
    infection in the classroom setting.

www.cdc.gov/cleanhands
11
Handwashing
  • Three necessary components of proper handwashing
    include
  • Soap
  • Clean water
  • Friction

www.cdc.gov/cleanhands/
12
Proper Handwashing Technique
  • Wet hands with clean warm water.
  • Apply soap and rub hands together to create a
    lather.
  • Scrub all surfaces of the hands including the
    palms, back of hands, wrists, between fingers,
    and under fingernails.
  • Continue washing hands for 20 seconds, about the
    time it takes to sing the Happy Birthday song
    twice.
  • Rinse hands well to remove all soap.
  • Dry hands completely with a towel or air dryer.
  • If available, use a towel to turn off the faucet
    and open the door to avoid recontamination.

www.cdc.gov/cleanhands/
13
Easy to Miss Areas
  • Using proper technique is essential to sanitizing
    hands effectively. Inadequate handwashing
    causes significant areas of the hands to be
    missed. All areas of the fingers, hands, and
    wrists must be covered during hand hygiene.
  • By imagining the rapid method generally used when
    washing hands, it is easy to understand which
    places are most frequently ignored. Insufficient
    handwashing often involves rubbing the palms
    together with soap and water and possibly a quick
    swipe across the back of each hand. This is
    clearly depicted in the following diagram of
    frequently missed areas during handwashing.

www.foodlink.org.uk/factfile_c.asp?file2chapter
2
14
Frequently Missed Areas
http//www.leics.gov.uk/index/social_services/gene
ral_information/partners/handwashing.htm
15
When to Wash Hands
  • After blowing the nose, sneezing, or coughing
  • After going to the bathroom
  • After contact with blood or body fluids, such as
    saliva, nasal secretions, urine, feces, or vomit
  • After PE or playing sports
  • After playing outside at recess
  • After handling garbage or waste
  • When hands appear soiled
  • Before preparing medicine or handling contact
    lenses

www.cdc.gov/cleanhands/
16
When to Wash Hands (2)
  • Before preparing, serving, or handling food
  • Before eating lunch or snacks
  • Frequently when sick or after contact with others
    who are sick
  • Before and after touching a cut or wound
  • Before and after touching the eyes, nose, or
    mouth
  • After handling animals, animal waste, or their
    belongings, such as toys or a leash
  • After changing a diaper

www.cdc.gov/cleanhands/
17
Waterless Alcohol-based Hand Sanitizer
  • When to Use
  • Substitute when soap and water are not available.
  • Ineffective for cleaning hands that are visibly
    dirty.
  • Do not substitute when handling or preparing
    food.
  • Do not overuse traditional handwashing is best.
  • Supervise children while they use hand sanitizer.
  • Two necessary components
  • Alcohol-based hand sanitizer
  • Friction

www.health.state.mn.us/handhygiene/clean.html
18
Proper Hand Sanitizer Technique
  • Proper Technique
  • Apply small amount of hand sanitizer to the palm.
  • Rub hands together covering all surfaces, much
    like when washing hands with soap and water.
  • Rub until hand sanitizer is absorbed completely
    and hands become dry.

www.health.state.mn.us/handhygiene/clean.html
19
Hand Washing Absenteeism
 
Am J Infect Control 2002 28 340-6
20
  • A study of 305 school children found that those
    who washed their hands four times a day had 24
    fewer sick days due to respiratory illness and
    51 fewer sick days due to upset stomach.

www.cdc.gov
21
Classroom Hand Washing Activity Ideas
  • Practice washing hands properly with children.
    Have them sing the HAPPY BIRTHDAY song twice to
    demonstrate 20 seconds.
  • Ask children to draw pictures of when it is a
    good idea to wash hands.
  • Publish hand washing facts in bathroom stalls or
    school newsletter.
  • For younger kids, place posters in restrooms
    illustrating children washing hands to encourage
    hand hygiene.

22
Other Learning Activities
  • Use fluorescent hand lotion to test hand washing
    effectiveness and to observe how germs spread
    between hands, surfaces, pens, etc.
  • Swab high-traffic surfaces and culture on agar in
    a Petri dish or touch fingers to the agar and
    then incubate to demonstrate the growth of
    microorganisms.
  • Share infection prevention training with parents
    at parent-teacher meetings to disseminate
    education to the home.

23
Hand Washing Song
  • ABCDEFG
  • Wash your hands to stay healthy.
  • Palms and backs and fingers, too.
  • Under nails germs hide from you.
  • Before you eat and after play,
  • Wash your hands throughout the day.

24
Fun Online Resources
The following are additional informative internet
links providing more resources to teach children
about infection prevention, including online
games that students can explore in the classroom
or at home.
  • INFECTION DETECTION PROTECTION
  • Fun interactive online activities provided by
    the American Museum of Natural History
  • FIGHT BAC!
  • Animated bacteria fighting games
  • CLEAN HANDS COALITION
  • List of handwashing resources for children and
    adults
  • THE SCRUB CLUB
  • Animated website with activities, games, music,
    and tips for teaching kids. Some materials also
    available in Spanish
  • LATHER UP FOR GOOD HEALTH!
  • Internet, Classroom, and Home Activities by
    SOFTSOAP

25
Additional Activities Materials
Please take a moment to explore the following
online resources for helpful teaching materials
about infection prevention. Some of the links
include a video, suggestions for infection
prevention related lesson plans, a classroom
experiment, printable classroom activity sheets,
and other fun learning activities for children.
  • VIDEO 10 QUICK QUIET STEPS TO HAND WASHING
    SUCCESS
  • A creative and fun instructional video developed
    by a school nurse and students. The Real One
    player is needed to view the video. To install
    Real One Player click
  • HANDWASHING PROJECT IDEAS Multidisciplinary
    activities for teachers and students to promote
    handwashing
  • HAND HYGIENE EXPERIMENT Classroom science
    experiment to demonstrate persistence of bacteria
    and proper handwashing technique
  • TEACHING HAND HYGIENE
  • Materials, curricula, and ideas for teaching hand
    washing to all ages
  • INFECTION PREVENTION WORD GAMES Printable
    infection prevention word games

26
Clean Classroom Environment
  • Maintaining a clean classroom environment
    reduces the presence of germs and the spread of
    infectious diseases, and therefore, protects the
    health of students, teachers, school staff, and
    parents.

27
General Infection Prevention
Following general infection prevention measures
and maintaining personal hygiene reduces the
spread of infectious diseases in a school setting.
  • Encourage children, teachers, and all school
    personnel to wash hands frequently using soap and
    water for 15-20 seconds and to assist children as
    needed.
  • Substitute alcohol-based hand sanitizer when
    clean water and soap are unavailable.
  • Promote appropriate respiratory etiquette Cover
    coughs and sneezes with tissue. Throw away
    tissues immediately and use hand hygiene. If a
    tissue is not available, sneeze or cough into the
    elbow or upper sleeve.

28
General Infection Prevention (2)
  • Teach children to properly dispose of used
    tissues.
  • Provide tissues and trash receptacles in
    classrooms and on school buses.
  • Advise parents to keep sick children home from
    school.
  • Remain at home when ill and encourage others to
    do the same.
  • Avoid close contact (less than 3 feet of space)
    with those who are sick.
  • Maintain and promote good personal hygiene bathe
    and wash hands regularly.
  • Discourage touching the eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Maintain a clean classroom environment.
  • Ensure commonly used areas such as door handles,
    eating surfaces, and desks are clean and
    disinfected.

29
General Infection Prevention (3)
  • Keep open wounds clean and covered with a bandage
    until healed.
  • Avoid contact with other peoples wounds and
    bandages.
  • Discourage sharing eating utensils, glassware, or
    personal items such as toothbrushes, combs,
    razors, towels, clothing or other items that come
    into contact with bare skin.
  • Clean shared sports equipment with antiseptic
    before each use or use a cloth or a towel as a
    barrier between the skin and the equipment.
  • Avoid skin-to-skin contact with anyone who has a
    Staph infection.
  • Encourage a healthy lifestyle that includes a
    nutritious diet and adequate sleep.

30
Additional Considerations
  • The incorporation of animals into the classroom
    environment can provide many beneficial learning
    experiences for children. It is important to keep
    in mind the risks of Zoonotic Diseases, or those
    that are transmissible from animals to humans.
  • The following considerations are important when
    dealing with animals in a classroom
  • Always wash hands very thoroughly after touching
    animals or their belongings
  • Ensure animals have current vaccinations and
    receive annual veterinary exams
  • Bathe animals regularly
  • Avoid contact with animal waste or food
  • Only handle a new animal with permission and
    supervision
  • Teach children the proper way to handle the animal

31
The End
  • This concludes the train-the-trainer activity,
    Infection Prevention in the Classroom Setting.
    We hope you have enjoyed this presentation and
    will utilize and share this information with your
    schools to help keep children healthy and prevent
    the spread of infection in the classroom setting.

32
Questions?
  • Please direct any questions to the following
  • Sherry Falgout, MPH
  • Manager, Public Health Practice Programs
  • Office of Special Programs
  • Texas AM Health Science Center
  • School of Rural Public Health
  • (979) 845-2387
  • slfalgout_at_srph.tamhsc.edu
About PowerShow.com