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Lois Lowry

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Utopian Society ... A dystopian society is the opposite of a utopian society. ... Is the Society in The Giver Utopian or Dystopian? All children are wanted. No ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lois Lowry


1
The Giver
  • By
  • Lois Lowry

2
Cover of Novel
Lowry photographed painter Carl Nelson in 1979
for a magazine assignment. He talked with her
about the importance of color. Years later she
had learned he had become blind.
3
Lois Lowry
  • Lois Lowry has written over 20 novels spanning
    several genres.
  • Her father was a career military officer so she
    traveled all over the world.
  • Her son was killed when the Air Force plane he
    piloted crashed.
  • She was inspired to write The Giver by her
    fathers illness and his loss of memory.

4
Themes
  • Themes are the fundamental and often universal
    ideas explored in literary work. They are the
    underlying message.
  • The importance of memory
  • The relationship between pain and pleasure
  • The importance of the individual
  • Other themes Family, diversity, feelings, making
    choices.

5
Symbols
  • Symbols are objects, characters, figures, or
    colors used to represent abstract ideas or
    concepts.
  • The Newchild Gabriel
  • The Sled
  • The River

6
Motifs
  • Motifs are recurring structures, contrasts, or
    literary devices that can help to develop and
    inform the texts major themes.
  • Vision
  • Nakedness
  • Release

7
Foreshadowing
  • Jonas apprehension about the Ceremony of Twelve,
    foreshadows his future disillusionment with the
    community.
  • His feeling of closeness and freedom with the old
    woman while he bathes her foreshadows his longing
    for grandparents and other close, personal
    connections.

8
Conflicts
  • Man vs. Self (inner conflict) At the beginning
    of the story, Jonas is torn by internal conflict
    as his accepts his training as the Receiver of
    Memory but yearns for his childhood and the
    normal lives his friends lead.
  • Man vs. Man or society(external conflict) His
    flight to freedom plunges him into an external
    conflict as planes search for him and Gabe.
  • Man vs. Nature (external conflict) Jonas
    struggles against the cold to stay alive and
    bring Gabe to safety.

9
Characters in The Giver
  • Jonas-Eleven year old Protagonist of the story
    chosen to be the new Receiver of Memory when he
    turns twelve.
  • The Giver -former Receiver of Memory
  • Jonas Father- works as a Nurturer
  • Jonas Mother- works in the Department of Justice
  • Lily- Jonas 7 year old sister
  • Gabriel- a new child Jonas family takes care
    of
  • Asher- Jonas best fried
  • Fiona- Jonas friend. She has red hair that Jonas
    can see.
  • Larissa- A woman Jonas bathes in the House of the
    Old.
  • The Chief Elder- The elected leader of the
    Community.

10
Utopian Society
  • In 1516 Sir Thomas More made up the word utopia
    (from the Greek, not a place) for the island
    society in his political essay.
  • In Mores Utopia every individual thrives, and
    injustice, poverty, and inequality no longer
    exist.
  • Utopia refers to an ideal society.

11
Utopian Societies
  • The Shakers
  • The Acorn Community of Virginia
  • The Farm in Tennessee
  • Twin Oaks in Virginia

12
Dystopian Society
  • A dystopian society is the opposite of a utopian
    society.
  • It is a fictional society that is characterized
    by an oppressive social control, such as an
    authoritarian or totalitarian government.

13
Dystopian Societies
  • George Orwells 1984
  • Aldous Huxleys A Brave New World
  • Ray Bradberrys Fahrenheit 451
  • Ayn Rands Anthem
  • V for Vendetta
  • The Island

14
Is the Society in The Giver Utopian or Dystopian?
  • All children are wanted
  • No one gets divorced
  • No one is hungry
  • No one is homeless
  • No one is jobless
  • No one has choices
  • No one feels love
  • No one sees color
  • No one has memories
  • Release
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