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Ancient Chinese Philosophies

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Which Dynasty illustrates the philosophy of legalism? Summary Slide ... Daoism (Taoism) Balance and Harmony. Legalism Strict Laws/Harsh punishment ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Chinese Philosophies


1
Ancient Chinese Philosophies
2
Confucianism
Founder
  • Kongfuzi Reverend master Kong (Confucius)
  • About 500 B.C.

Main Ideas
  • Importance of family (Filial Piety)
  • Reciprocity (Negative Golden Rule)
  • Reverence for the past and ancestors

3
Daoism (Taoism)
Founder
  • Laozi
  • 500s B.C.

Main Ideas
  • The Dao (way or path) force that
    governs the universe
  • Seek harmony/Balance

4
The Yin and The Yang
YIN YANG
Feminine Passive Dark Cold Moon Masculine Active Light Hot Sun
5
Legalism
Main Ideas
  • Government Power to force Obedience
  • Severe punishment of wrongdoers

Sharp Contrast with Confucianism
  • External vs. Internal motivation


Which Dynasty illustrates the philosophy of
legalism?
6
Summary Slide
  • Ancient Chinese Philosophies
  • ConfucianismImportance of Family
  • Daoism (Taoism)Balance and Harmony
  • LegalismStrict Laws/Harsh punishment
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