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Chapter 7 Lesson 2

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Chapter 7 Lesson 2 Life in the Americas The Maya 1839 Archaeologists discovered the ancient city of the Maya. ... The Aztec were hunters and warriors. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 7 Lesson 2


1
Chapter 7 Lesson 2
  • Life in the Americas

2
The Maya
  • 1839 Archaeologists discovered the ancient city
    of the Maya.
  • The Maya were the ancestors of millions of
    Central Americans today.

3
Maya Communities
  • AD 300 The Maya built a complex culture in
    Mexico and C. Am.
  • Swamps and sinkholes gave access to water.
  • The Maya cleared forests, planted corn and built
    cities.
  • The Maya built over 50 city-states.

4
What Was Maya Society Like?
  • Each city-state had a king descended from the
    sun-god.
  • Maya city-states had a strict class system.
    Nobles priests then farmers, artisans
    hunters.
  • Maya believed that the Gods controlled
    everything. Offered sacrifices.
  • Maya fought battles and took land and captives.
  • Ruling woman served as queens and royal woman
    married into other royal families, built
    alliances.

5
Maya Achievements
  • The priests felt the Gods revealed their plans
    through the sun, moon and stars.
  • Developed a calendar and could predict eclipses
  • 260 day religious calendar and a 365 day calendar
    for seasons and agriculture.
  • Developed a counting system based on 20, used 0
  • 900 Maya culture collapsed, may have been warfare
    or overuse of soil.

6
The Aztec
  • Aztec came to power in Mesoamerica in the 1300s.
  • The Aztec were hunters and warriors.

7
Rise of the Aztec
  • Aztec searched for a home promised to them. Aztec
    sun god Quetzalcoatl.
  • 1325 settled in Lake Texcoco.
  • The priests declared a great city be built.
    Tenochtitlan was built on an island.
  • The Aztec relied on Emperors selected by a
    council.
  • Montezuma was a powerful leader that expanded the
    empire.

8
Aztec Life
  • Emperors followed by 4 classes, nobles,
    commoners, unskilled workers slaves.
  • Boys were trained to be warriors.
  • Priests offered sacrifice, worked to preserve
    religion, history and lit.
  • Also used a 260 day religious calendar and a 365
    day calendar for everyday use.
  • Aztec farmed using irrigation and fertilizer.
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