LAA 242, 245 Author - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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LAA 242, 245 Author

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LAA 242, 245 Author s Purpose ... the author s purpose and point of view. ... in order to convey a particular purpose. Sometimes authors will come right out ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: LAA 242, 245 Author


1
LAA 242, 245 Authors Purpose
  • As you read, it is important to keep in mind that
    the words on the page did not just magically
    appear there. A person who had real feelings
    wrote those words, and that person wrote for a
    reason. That is the real premise behind the
    authors purpose and point of view.
  • The authors purpose is why he or she wrote the
    text.
  • The authors point of view is the authors
    feelings about that piece of text.

2
Stop and Think
  • Think about the last time you wrote something. It
    might have been an essay for your social studies
    class, a research paper for science, or a
    descriptive passage for English. Maybe it was a
    poem you wrote on your own or lyrics to a song.
  • All those pieces of writing were written for a
    reason. Think about how you developed your
    writing knowing the purpose.

3
Authors Purpose
  • Most of us do not take the author into
    consideration when we are reading something. When
    an author writes, he or she does so with a
    specific purpose in mind. Authors have choices,
    and they choose their topics and their words very
    carefully in order to convey a particular
    purpose. Sometimes authors will come right out
    and state their purpose. More often, though, the
    purpose will be implied, and so you will need to
    use your reading skills to figure out the
    purpose.
  • There are many different reasons why authors
    write
  • To inform, tell, explain
  • To persuade, convince
  • To express an opinion
  • To entertain
  • To express a mood or a feeling

4
Looking Closely at Questions
  • The authors purpose question can be found on the
    FCAT. It can come in the form of multiple choice,
    short-response, or extended-response question.
    When you see a question like this, you should ask
    yourself one question WHY did the author write
    this piece of literature? What was he or she
    trying to convey to the audience? Look at the
    language the author chose it should give you
    clues as to the purpose of the passage. If the
    question is in multiple-choice format, you might
    try this strategy
  • Ask Why Ask yourself WHY the author wrote this
    piece of writing. What was he or she trying to
    convey to the audience?
  • Cover up To A Verb Endings If the answer
    comes in the form of

5
Strategy
  • If the question is in multiple-choice format, you
    might try this strategy
  • Ask Why Ask yourself WHY the author wrote this
    piece of writing. What was he or she trying to
    convey to the audience?
  • Cover up To A Verb Endings If the answer
    comes in the form of to a verb (to
    entertain, to warn, to inform,), then try
    covering up the endings of the multiple-choice
    answers. If you cover up the endings of the
    answers, the correct choice may become clearer to
    you, or you may be able to eliminate answers that
    are obviously incorrect. If the answers are not
    in the to a verb format, skip to the next
    step.
  • 3) Read the Entire Answer Read the entire answer
    for each choice. Make sure the one you have
    chosen (if you previously decided upon an answer)
    is the best answer and is supported by the text.

6
Lets Try
  • Poem by Emily Dickinson
  • How happy is the little stone
  • That rambles in the road alone,
  • And doesnt care about careers,
  • And exigencies never fears
  • Whose coat of elemental brown
  • A passing universe put on
  • And independent as the sun,
  • Fulfilling absolute decree
  • In casual simplicity.

7
What do you think?
  • How happy is the little stone
  • That rambles in the road alone,
  • And doesnt care about careers,
  • And exigencies never fears
  • Whose coat of elemental brown
  • A passing universe put on
  • And independent as the sun,
  • Fulfilling absolute decree
  • In casual simplicity.
  • What was the authors main
  • purpose in writing this poem?
  • to describe the outward appearance of a stone
  • to express her feelings on the simplicity of a
    stones life
  • to persuade the reader that the stones life is
    better that hers
  • to entertain the reader with humorous anecdotes
    about stories

8
Steps
  • Step One What do YOU think the authors purpose
    is? Why did she write the poem?
  • Step Two The answers come in the form of to
    verb, so cover up the answers so you only see
    the following
  • a) to describe
  • b) to express
  • c) to persuade
  • d) to entertain
  • Does one of those fit with your idea or does one
    answer stand out
  • and seem correct?
  • Step Three Read the complete answers for each
    choice and make sure the one you chose still
    seems correct, fits with your original idea, and
    is supported by the text.

9
Answer
  • The correct answer is B To express her feelings
    about the simplicity of a stones life. You
    should have been able to eliminate Choice C right
    off the bat the author is not trying to persuade
    someone of anything. There is not any persuasive
    language to support this choice. As you read each
    answer completely, you should have also been able
    to eliminate Choice Dthere really is not
    anything humorous (or funny) in the poem. She
    does describe the outward appearance of the stone
    (A), but she does not focus on that. The best
    answer is Choice Bshe is expressing how simple
    (and seemingly wonderful) the stones life is.

10
Authors Point of View
  • Just as every author has a purpose to writing,
    every author has a point of view (or opinion)
    toward the topic about which he or she is
    writing. Just like the authors purpose, the
    authors point of view may be stated or implied
    in the text.
  • On the FCAT, you will have to figure out what the
    authors point of view really is about the topic.
    Remember to look carefully at the words that the
    author has chosen to give you clues about what
    the point of view is. Point of view questions,
    like purpose questions, can also be
    multiple-choice, short response, or extended
    response. Authors point of view questions many
    be phrased in ways other than, What is the
    authors point of view about? For example,
  • What is the authors opinion about?
  • What does the author think of (or about)?
  • How does the author feel about?

11
Methods of Appeal and Persuasive Devices
  • You may have noticed that besides knowing how to
    identify the authors purpose and point of view,
    this particular benchmark is also concerned with
    the impact of methods of appeal and/or persuasive
    devices. What does this mean?
  • Basically, methods of appeal and persuasive
    devices are just ways that the author tries to
    get the reader to understand, identify with, or
    even go along with his or her purpose or point of
    view. These are particularly important in
    persuasive writing when the author wants to
    reader to side with his point of view. What does
    the author use in his writing to convince his
    audience? Some examples of possible methods of
    appeal include
  • 1) Specific examples
  • 2) Facts and statistics
  • 3) Opinions from influential people and/or
    experts
  • 4) Emotional pleas or influences
  • 5) Descriptive language and/or details
  • 6) Use of humor
  • 7) Logical reasoning
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