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JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM:

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That includes food kosher and ... influence of ancient Middle ... DIFFERENCES Separation of church and state in West Islamic society is both a political state and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM:


1
JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM
  • THE ABRAHAMIC RELIGIONS
  • From Bernard Lewis

2
JERUSALEM
3
ISLAM
  • Closer to Judeo-Christian tradition than to any
    of the great religions of Asia Hinduism,
    Buddhism, Confucianism

4
ISLAM and JUDAISM
  • Shared belief in a divine law that regulates all
    aspects of human activity.
  • That includes food kosher and hillel

5
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6
Abraham
  • Founder of monotheism
  • Had a wife Sarah, God promised them child
  • Sarah was too old to have a child so she told him
    to have a child w/ Hagar, their servant
  • Abraham had two sons- Ishmael w/ Hagar and Isaac
    w/ Sarah

7
Isaac and Ishmael
  • God promised Abraham and his family all the land
    between the Nile and the Euphrates Rivers
  • Arabs claim their ancestry to Ishmael
  • Jews claim their ancestry to Isaac
  • This is one of the reasons for the Arab Israeli
    conflict

8
Abrahams family tree
9
ISLAM and CHRISTIANITY
  • Belief that they alone are the custodians of
    Gods final message to humanity
  • Their duty is to bring it to the rest of the
    world.
  • Shared heritage of Jewish revelation and Greek
    philosophy and science, influence of ancient
    Middle East.
  • Belief in prophets, single God
  • For most of their history, they have been locked
    in combat.

10
DIFFERENCES
  • Separation of church and state in West
  • Islamic society is both a political state and a
    religious community. God is highest authority
  • Mohammad died as a successful leader and
    conqueror Jesus died as an outcast and martyr
    Moses died before reaching the Promised Land.
  • No priesthood in Islam.
  • Koran is not a collection of books, it is a
    single book by a single author.
  • No certainty of personal salvation.

11
SUNNIs
  • Means path of the Prophet
  • Almost 90 of all Muslims
  • Believed Mohammads successor should be chosen
    from within community (umma)
  • Many sects and divisions.

12
SHIA or Shiites
  • Believed Mohammads successor should have been
    chosen from among his family.
  • Earliest leaders, Hussein and Ali, were murdered
    tradition of martyrdom.
  • Big in Iran, southern Iraq, Bahrain, and parts of
    Lebanon and Syria.

13
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14
SHIA Practices
  • Imams, mullahs and ayatollahs
  • Imam is a spiritual leader, a descendant of the
    prophet (or sharif)
  • Shiites revere holy figures, allow images of
    martyrs and saints

15
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16
THE SHIITE CRESCENT
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