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Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece Peloponnesian War and the Rise of Macedonia Key Terms Peloponnesian League Peloponnesian War Peloponnesian League Athens assumed power over the city ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Greece


1
Ancient Greece
  • Peloponnesian War and the Rise of Macedonia

2
Key Terms
  • Peloponnesian League
  • Peloponnesian War

3
Peloponnesian League
  • Athens assumed power over the city-states of the
    Delian League
  • Sparta grew upset with Athens
  • Sparta formed an alliance with other city-states
    to challenge Athens and the Delian League

4
War
  • Leaders of both Sparta and Athens pushed for war
    because they thought they had the advantage
  • Spartans had stronger army and protected by land
  • Athens had stronger navy

5
War Begins
  • Pericles wanted to avoid land battles
  • Spartans march into Athens countryside burning
    food supply of Athens
  • Athenians ordered into city walls
  • City safe as long as ships could bring supplies
    to Athens from its colonies

6
Disaster Strikes
  • Second year of war
  • A plague killed 1/3 2/3 of Athens population,
    including Pericles
  • Athens continued to fight
  • Two sides signed a truce after being worn down

7
Athens Attacks
  • 6 years later, Athens attacks city-state of
    Syracuse on island of Sicily, a Spartan ally
  • Athenians are destroyed during 2 years of
    fighting
  • Athens fight for 9 more years, eventually
    surrendering to Sparta
  • Lose empire, power, and wealth

8
What Happened to ?
  • Athens
  • Sparta
  • Never regained strength
  • Still wealthy and center of culture
  • Lost political power
  • Won war
  • No idea what to do next
  • Did not become a great city-state or empire

9
Rise of Macedonia
  • Kingdom just north of Greece
  • Rough terrain of mountains
  • Cold climate
  • Hardy people that lived in mountain villages
  • Nobles thought they were Greeks, but Greeks
    looked down on them

10
Philip II
  • Became king of Macedonia at age of 23 years old
  • Wanted to control Greece, and take wealth from
    Persians
  • Made peasants into well-trained army

11
Macedonian Military
  • Organized into phalanxes of 16 men across 16
    deep, each with 18-foot pike
  • Phalanx would break through enemy lines
  • Cavalry then destroy disorganized opponents
  • After success in north, began planning invasion
    of Greece

12
Conquest of Greece
  • Greek city-states warned of power of Philip IIs
    army, and told to unite
  • City-states couldnt agree on anything
  • Macedonians easily defeated Greeks, ending Greek
    independence
  • City-states still allowed to self-govern, but
    under control of Macedonia

13
Death of Philip II
  • Philip planned to invade Persia, but never got
    the chance
  • Former guard stabbed him at his daughters
    wedding
  • His son, Alexander, proclaimed himself king

14
Reflection
  • Summarize the chain of events leading to the
    eventual fall of Ancient Greece.
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