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The Foundations of Democracy

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Title: The Foundations of Democracy


1
The Foundations of Democracy
  1. Ancient Greece
  2. Ancient Rome

2
A. Ancient Greece
3
  • The birthplace of democracy is in Athens
  • Athens used to have a monarchy
  • Then it became an aristocracy
  • Then, when the citizens governed or ruled
    themselves, it became a democracy

4
  • Democracy developed because of three Athenian
    rulers Solon, Cleisthenes, and Pericles.
  • They allowed citizens to vote and Athens
    developed into a direct democracy.
  • However, not everyone was considered a citizen

5
  • They also separated the government into three
    branches (legislative, executive, and judicial).

6
  • Democracy ended when Macedonia (country to the
    North) invaded Greece in 338 B.C.
  • Alexander the Great then ruled Greece

7
  • Philosophers Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
    continued the development of democracy through
    their writings
  • Natural Laws laws of nature that explained how
    people desired self-rule

8
  • Socrates 1st great Greek philosopher to voice
    his beliefs in democracy.
  • Believed in a meritocracy where those with
    exceptional ability (really smart) and moral
    character should be leaders.

9
  • Plato wrote The Republic.
  • Believed a state should be ruled by the wisest
    not the richest to save the people from evil.
  • They would be called philosopher-kings.

10
  • Aristotle wrote Politics.
  • Believed men had a desire and need to live in a
    governed society.

11
  • Greeces Legacy to Democracy
  • Direct Democracy
  • Three Branches of Government
  • Natural Laws

12
B. Ancient Rome
  • Rome discovered democracy through contact (war)
    with the Greeks

13
  • Established a Republic in 509 B.C.
  • Divided government into three separate branches

14
  • Legislative branch made up of the
  • Senate which controlled foreign and financial
    affairs
  • The two assemblies

15
  • Created the Twelve Tables
  • A written law code that applied to EVERYONE.
  • Romans believed citizens had the right to equal
    treatment under the law.

16
  • Romes Legacy to Democracy
  • Idea of a republic
  • legal and political terms used today
  • A government of laws, not of men
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