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Post Reconstruction America

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Post Reconstruction America Ethnic Neighborhoods City neighborhoods consisting of immigrants from the same culture Allowed immigrants to slowly learn American culture ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Post Reconstruction America


1
Post Reconstruction America
2
Westward Movement
  • Era of American Cowboy the Indian Removal

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5
Economic Opportunities in west
  • Various jobs in west that were not in Eastern
    states
  • Homestead Act
  • Free land out west to anyone willing to farm and
    cultivate the land for 5 years

6
List as many jobs as you see for people headed
west
7
Migration after Civil War
  • Southerners needed a new start (former
    Confederates banned from Homestead Act)
  • African-Americans moved out west to use their
    agricultural skills

8
Transcontinental Railroad
  • Authorized by Lincoln in 1862
  • Completed in 1869
  • Made moving cargo and people much easier

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10 years later..
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12
Immigration
13
Old Immigrants (Pre-1871)
  • Immigrated from northern and western Europe
  • Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, and
    Sweden

14
New Immigrants (Post-1871)
  • Immigrated from southern and eastern Europe
  • Italy, Greece, Poland, Russia, and present-day
    Hungary and Yugoslavia
  • As well as Asia (China and Japan).

15
Reasons for Immigration
  • Seeking freedom
  • Better lives
  • Escaping persecution
  • JOBS!!!!

16
What Am I?
  • Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
  • With conquering limbs astride from land to land
  • Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand
  • A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
  • Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
  • Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand
  • Glows world-wide welcome her mild eyes command
  • The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.
  • "Keep ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries
    she
  • With silent lips. "Give me your tired, your poor,
  • Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
  • The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
  • Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
  • I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"

17
Statue of Liberty
18
Ellis Island
  • Processing center in New York for new immigrants
    from Europe

19
Ellis Island
  • Statue of Liberty first sign of freedom and
    America as ships entered country

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26
Angel Island
  • Processing center in California for immigrants
    entering from Asia

27
Contributions of Immigrants
28
Chinese
  • Worked on railroads

29
Irish (Ireland)
  • Worked on railroads
  • Also worked in textile and steel mills

30
Italians/Slavs (Yugoslavia)
  • Worked in Coalmines

31
Poles (Poland)
  • Worked in Coalmines
  • Worked in Clothing Industry in New York

32
Problems facing Immigrants
33
Assimilation
  • Immigrants had trouble becoming a part of
    American culture
  • Did not speak English
  • Uneducated
  • Public schools helped immigrants

34
Ethnic Neighborhoods
  • City neighborhoods consisting of immigrants from
    the same culture
  • Allowed immigrants to slowly learn American
    culture while keeping their own

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Problems with Immigrants
  • Immigrants worked for less taking jobs from
    Americans
  • Americans were scared of new religions and
    cultures
  • Americans didnt trust immigrants

39
Limits on Immigration
40
Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
  • Put a limit on number of Chinese immigrants

41
Immigration Restriction Act of 1921
  • Ended all immigration from Europe
  • Although immigration dramatically slowed after
    these acts, immigrants continued to provide
    valuable contributions to American life
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