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Darfur Conflict

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Title: Darfur Conflict


1
Darfur Conflict
2
Perpetrators
  • When April 25, 2003 February 24, 2010
  • Officially signed CPA in 2006
    however hostilities continue today
  • Who Sudanese Government and Janjaweed Militia
  • Omar al-Bashir(1944-present)President of Sudan
    since 1989Main weapons supplier of Janjaweed
    Militia

Janjaweed Militia (1973-present) Nomadic tribes
people
3
Victims
  • Dead 400,000 people
  • Causes Execution, rape, starvation, dehydration
  • Targets Non-Arab Sudanese (Fur, Zeghawa, and
    Masalit tribes)
  • Refugees 2.5 - 2.7 million

4
(No Transcript)
5
Summary of Conflict - Timeline
1980s Climate change, famine, and tension
between Arab and non-Arab Sudanese perpetuated
political instability.
July 14, 2011 The Doha Document for Peace in
Darfur was finalized and signed by Sudanese
government and LJM.
April 25, 2003 Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and
Justice Equality Movement (JEM) attack airport
destroying Sudanese Air Force planes.
November 16, 2006 Establishment of the African
Union United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID).
1980
1990s A lack of response from the Sudanese
government concerning the drought and internal
conflicts, led to frustration from non Arab
Sudanese.
February 2015 HRW reports mass rape and possible
crimes against humanity in Northern Darfur.
  • May 5, 2006 Sudanese government and SLA sign a
    peace deal.

July 12, 2010 ICC issues arrest warrant for
President al-Bashir.
6
Whats Happening Now?
  • July 2011 South Sudan gains independence and the
    conflict in Darfur fades into the background.
  • 2013 Aicha Elbasri, the former spokesperson for
    the UNAMID mission in Darfur resigned, accusing
    the UN of a conspiracy of silence over the
    worlds biggest forgotten war.
  • June 25, 2014 HRW calls for the United Nations
    to investigate alleged cover-ups and manipulation
    of human rights reporting by UNAMID officials.
  • February 11, 2015 HRW releases a report called
    Mass Rape in Darfur Sudanese Army Attacks
    Against Civilians in Tabit which documents
    Sudanese army rapes at least 221 women and girls.
  • March 11, 2015 UNAMID peacekeeping force to be
    cut back amid accusations of incompetence.

7
Resources
  • Human Rights Watch http//www.hrw.org/africa/suda
    n
  • Timeline Five Years On http//www.hrw.org/sites/
    default/files/features/darfur/fiveyearson/timeline
    .html
  • They Shot at Us as We Fled Government Attacks
    on Civilians in West Darfur http//www.hrw.org/s
    ites/default/files/reports/darfur0508webwcover.pdf
  • Eyes on Darfur http//www.eyesondarfur.org/
  • The Devil Came on Horseback the documentary
    https//www.youtube.com/watch?v_BJOfpJ8qVE
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