Industrialization and Immigration - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Industrialization and Immigration PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 84f0da-Y2MzN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Industrialization and Immigration

Description:

Industrialization and Immigration Closure Give 3 examples of Industrialization and Mechanization. Who were the big three corporate leaders? What were they each the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:27
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 36
Provided by: Sonya157
Learn more at: http://www.amphi.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Industrialization and Immigration


1
Industrialization and Immigration
2
Industry and Mechanization
  • Standard parts
  • Mass production
  • Routine labor
  • Low wages
  • Technology

3
Child Labor
  • Factory hours were long and rarely paid much
  • Often all members of a family would have to work
    including very young children
  • Shifts were usually 10 to 14 hours and the
    children were paid around 30 to 75 cents a day
  • Many children were injured at work, losing limbs
    or contracting disease

4
Newsies
5
Factory Workers
6
Boy Coal Miners
7
Boy Coal Miners
8
Coal Shifters
9
Bowling Pin Setters
10
Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
  • A fire broke out in a shirt factory where women
    worked
  • Factory managers would lock the doors to keep the
    women from going out on breaks
  • Someone put a cigarette in a trash can where it
    caught on fire and burned down the whole building
  • Women jumped to their deaths rather than burn

11
(No Transcript)
12
  Corporations
  •  Andrew Carnegie
  • U.S. Steel (1870s)
  • John D. Rockefeller Standard Oil (1880s)
  • J.P. Morgan
  • Finance, Railroad,
  • U.S. Steel (1900s)

13
Standard Oil
14
Railroad 1870s
15
Railroad 1890s
16
Social Darwinism and Laissez Faire
  • Theory of capitalism
  • Free markets no government
  • intervention
  • Consumer demand
  • Competition creates innovation
  • and keeps prices low

17
The Food Industry
  • Upton Sinclair was an author who wrote the book
    The Jungle
  • The purpose of The Jungle was to show Americans
    the terrible working conditions of the workers in
    the meat packaging plants
  • I aimed at the publics heart, and by accident I
    hit it in the stomach
  • This kind of writing became known as muckraking

18
Inventions
  • Bessemer Process creates stronger steel
  • Pressure sealed tin cans
  • Alternating currents Nikola Tesla
  • Technology begins to replace workers

19
(No Transcript)
20
Urbanization
  • Manufacturing brought people into the cities
  • Industrialization Growth in cities
  • Technological advances sewage, elevators, piped
    water, electricity, subways, electric streetcar
    (1888)

21
City Life
  • Fast growing
  • Few social services or regulations
  • Tenement buildings horrible living conditions
  • Ethnically organized usually by areas of town
    or neighborhoods

22
Tenement Housing
23
Immigration
  • Why did people leave their homes?
  • What were the costs and benefits of moving?

24
Ellis Island
  • By 1892, most immigrants were screened and
    processed at Ellis Island
  • By 1900, 50 of immigrants were from Eastern and
    Southern Europe

25
Angel Island
26
Industrialization Immigration
27
Why did they come to the U.S.?
  • Political and religious freedom
  • Better economic opportunities
  • Gold Rush
  • Encouraging letters from relatives
  • U.S. Government advertisements
  • U.S. business recruitment

28
American Protective Association
  • Americans formed groups to opposed the immigrant
    threat
  • Supported laws to restrict certain groups of
    immigrants.
  • Immigrant groups Chinese, Central and Southern
    Europeans.
  • Why did Old Immigrants resent New Immigrants?
  • inferior stocks
  • Plot by European governments to unload their
    prisoners and mentally ill.
  • Chinese worked for 5 years and left the U.S. with
    U.S. money
  • Labor Unions hated immigrants because employers
    would hire scab labor to replace workers if
    they had a Labor Strike
  • US Govt. restricts immigration with the
    following
  • Chinese Exclusion Act and Ellis Island

29
(No Transcript)
30
(No Transcript)
31
Immigration and National Culture
  • Between 1870 1910 20 million immigrants came
    to America
  • Bringing with them new cultures (foods,
    religions, traditions, languages, etc.)
  • Assimilation We wanted immigrants to forget
    their old way of life and become AMERICANS.
  • We even offered Americanization schools teaching
    English and American Culture

32
Nativism
33
(No Transcript)
34
(No Transcript)
35
Closure
  • Give 3 examples of Industrialization and
    Mechanization.
  • Who were the big three corporate leaders? What
    were they each the leader of?
  • What effect did industrialization have on cities?
  • What were the two ports immigrants came through?
  • What is assimilation?
  • Write a paragraph explaining the Nativist
    political cartoon.
About PowerShow.com