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Hinduism

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Hinduism * * Brahmanism Aryan priests were called Brahmins. Wrote Vedic texts, which were their thoughts about the Vedas Evolving Beliefs The Vedas, Upanishads, and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hinduism


1
Hinduism
2
Brahmanism develops into Hinduism
  • Brahmanism
  • Aryan priests were called Brahmins.
  • Wrote Vedic texts, which were their thoughts
    about the Vedas

Evolving Beliefs The Vedas, Upanishads, and other
Vedic texts began blending with beliefs from
different cultures, creating Hinduism.
  • Hinduism
  • Many gods
  • Reincarnation could be reborn into new forms and
    castes
  • Men and women could both gain salvation, but
    women were inferior.

3
Hinduism
  • Hinduism is a religion that began in India.
  • The religion dates back to 1500 B.C., making it
    the worlds oldest religion.
  • There are 750 million Hindus in the world today.
  • Most Hindus still live in India.

4
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5
Hindu Beliefs
  • Hindus believe in a single Divinity or supreme
    God that is present in everything called Brahman.
  • Hindus also believe in other gods who are aspects
    of that supreme God such as Shiva, Shakti, and
    Ganesh.

6
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Brahma
  • Brahma is the Hindu God of Creation
  • Brahma is traditionally depicted with four heads
    and four faces and four arms.

8
Vishnu
  • Vishnu is the Preserver, he is most famously
    identified with his human and animal incarnations
    (AKA, avatars)
  • He manifested Himself as a living being in ten
    avatars.
  • They are (in order of avatar)
  • (Fish)
  • (Turtle)
  • (Pig/Boar)
  • (Lion man / from the torso upwards lion, below,
    human)
  • (First fully human form as a dwarf sage who has
    the ability to grow very, very tall)
  • (Fierce man / Hunter)
  • (Greatest Warrior/ Ideal man)
  • (Mentally advanced man)
  • (Sage who is completely still)
  • (Prophesied, yet to take place)
  • For Vaishnavas, he is the Ultimate Reality or
    God. The Brahman.

9
And lets not forget Ganesha
  • Ganesha is one of the most well-known and
    venerated representations of God
  • The Lord of Good Fortune

10
Karma and Reincarnation
  • Reincarnation is the belief that the soul
    repeatedly goes through a cycle of being born
    into a body, dying, and being reborn again in a
    new body.
  • Karma, a force that determines the quality of
    each life, depending on how well one behaved in a
    past life.
  • Hinduism says we create karma by our actions on
    earth. If you live a good life, you create good
    karma. If you live a bad life, you create bad
    karma.

11
Moksha
  • Each time a Hindu soul is born into a better
    life, it has the opportunity to improve itself
    further, and get closer to ultimate liberation.
  • This liberation is called Moksha.
  • One attains Moksha when one has "overcome
    ignorance", and no longer desires anything at
    all.
  • The ones who reach this state no longer struggle
    with the cycle of life and death.
  • The way to get to Moksha is to not create any
    karma.

12
Hindu Life Goals
  • Hinduism is about the sort of life one should
    lead in order to be born into a better life next
    time and ultimately achieve liberation. There
    are 4 legitimate goals in life
  • dharma (appropriate living)
  • artha (the pursuit of material gain by lawful
    means)
  • moksha (release from rebirth).

13
Hindu Duties
  • Each Hindu has 4 daily duties
  • Revere the deities
  • Respect ancestors
  • Respect all beings
  • Honor all humankind

14
Sacred Writings
  • The Vedas collections of Sanskrit hymns (written
    down 1200-900BCE, but based on older oral
    versions).
  • The Upanishads which means the inner or mystic
    teaching that were passed down from guru
    (teacher) to disciple (student).

15
Mahabharata
  • Mahabharata, Sanskrit for Great Story, is one of
    the great epic poems of ancient India.
  • It was written between 300 BC and AD. 300.
  • The story is about the battle of one family over
    a kingdom in northern India.
  • The Bhagavad Gita (Song of God) is contained in
    the Mahabharata. It is dialogue between Krishna
    and the hero Arjuna on the meaning of life.

16
Krishna and Arjuna
17
Ramayana
  • Ramayana was written in 3rd century BC, and
    tells story of Rama, and his wife, Sita.
  • Rama and Sita are generally seen as ideal
    examples of great manly heroism and wifely
    devotion.
  • Reciting the Ramayana is considered a religious
    act, and scenes from the epic are portrayed
    throughout India and Southeast Asia.

18
Rama and Sita
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