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The Outcome and Aftermath of World War I

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Title: The Outcome and Aftermath of World War I Author: Joshua Jacobs Last modified by: KSD Created Date: 2/24/2008 9:53:22 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Outcome and Aftermath of World War I


1
The Outcome and Aftermath of World War I
  • A temporary peace and the inevitability of World
    War II

2
German Armistice
  • Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria surrender
  • German general asks the government for an
    armistice
  • Armistice An end to fighting
  • Kaiser Wilhelm resigns
  • 11/11, 1918 at 11am all fighting ceased

3
From celebration to mourning
1916
1914
1917
1918
4
Casualties
  • 8.5 million soldiers killed
  • 21 million soldiers wounded
  • 13 million civilians are killed
  • The flu epidemic of 1918 killed 20 million people

5
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6
  • The sufferings of the men at the Front, of the
    wounded whose flesh and bodies are torn in a way
    you cannot conceive the sorrow of those at home.
    What a cruel and mad diversion of human activity

7
Treaty of Versailles
  • The Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to accept
    full blame for the war
  • The League of Nations was formed
  • Help maintain peace
  • Germany had to
  • Dismantle its armed forces
  • Give up its colonies
  • Pay 33 billion in reparations
  • Germany is left in pieces
  • Allowed extreme politicalparties like the Nazis
    to becomepowerful

8
World Tensions Continue
  • Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire were
    broken apart
  • Russia gave up some of its territory
  • Germany was embittered by defeat
  • The United States became the leading world power
  • Japan became an imperial superpower
  • France and Belgium were forced to rebuild
  • France, Germany, Belgium, Russia, and Italy
    entered a depression

9
The New Europe
10
Changes in America
  • New jobs and the Great Migration
  • Women take on mens work
  • The war provided more opportunities for African
    Americans in northern factories
  • Between 1910 and 1920, about 500,000 African
    Americans moved north

11
The Red Scare
  • Labor strikes caused fear of a Communist
    revolution like the one in Russia
  • Palmer Raids Homes and headquarters of suspected
    Communists were raided and more than 6,000 people
    were arrested
  • Nothing more than paranoia

12
Continued Racism
  • With African Americans obtaining jobs that whites
    once worked, there was greater competition
    between the two
  • Led to
  • Lynching
  • Resentment
  • Race riots
  • The revival ofthe Ku Klux Klan

13
The Birth of Modern America
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