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Propaganda in World War One

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Title: Propaganda in World War One Author: Rob Cotey Last modified by: Valerie Hunt Created Date: 10/4/2005 10:08:58 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Propaganda in World War One


1
What has the advertiser done to try and get you
to join Facebook?
2
What is Propaganda?
3
Propaganda in World War One
4
What is Propaganda?
  • Propaganda is a specific type of message
    presentation aimed at serving an agenda. At its
    root, the denotation of propaganda is 'to
    propagate (actively spread) a philosophy or point
    of view'.
  • The most common use of the term (historically) is
    in political contexts in particular to refer to
    certain efforts sponsored by governments or
    political groups. (Wikipedia)

5
Why do we use Propaganda?
  • Each of the nations which participated in World
    War One from 1914-18 used propaganda posters.
  • They used posters to
  • justify their involvement to their own populace
  • As a means of recruiting men
  • A way to raise money and resources to sustain the
    military campaign.
  • To urge conservation

6
Why Posters?
  • Television had not yet been invented
  • Not everyone owned or had access to a radio
  • Posters were the most effective means of getting
    a message across

7
Positive and Negative
  • Negative Get people to act based on fear or
    anger
  • Positive Get people act by using encouraging,
    motivating, spirited (patriotic) messages

8
Propaganda uses Seven Tricks to get their message
across
  • Seven Tricks (link)
  • Activity In small groups, examine the following
    posters and identify the tricks used in the
    posters. Each group will present their
    conclusions to the class.

9
Bandwagon
Persuading people to do something by letting them
know others are doing it.
10
Testimonial
Using the words of a famous person to persuade
you.
11
Transfer
Using something or someone we respect or revere
to stir emotions.
12
Plain Folk
Convince the audience that the spokesperson is
from humble origins, someone they can trust and
who has their interests at heart.
13
Name Calling
Calling the other side names like evil,
bloodthirsty, killers, butchers, etc. to create
an unfavorable opinion or hatred
14
Glittering Generalities
Using nice words to describe about your side like
hero, brave, honorable, freedom, justice, etc.
15
Stacking the Deck
Makes the best case possible for ones side and
the worst for the opposing viewpoint Uses only
facts that support one side of the argument
16
Lets analyze this poster.
17
Poster 1
18
Poster 2
19
Poster 3
20
Poster 4
21
Poster 5
22
Poster 7
23
Poster 8
24
Poster 9
25
Poster 10
26
Poster 11
27
Poster 12
28
Poster 13
29
Poster 13
30
Poster 14
31
Poster 15
32
Resources
  • World War I Posters- Canada http//www.firstworld
    war.com/posters/canada.htm
  • As well as other sources.
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