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Title: Natural Hair Care Training Module and Certificate of Completion Author: mjanssen Last modified by: ckingsley Created Date: 7/24/2013 3:43:34 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Oregon Health Licensing Agency


1
Oregon Health Licensing Agency
  • Board of Cosmetology
  • Natural Hair Care Training Module

Navigation Tip! Use the toggle button to expand
the viewable area.
2
Table of Contents
Natural Hair Care 3 Hair Growth 20-23
Training Module 4 Hair Characteristics 24-34
Procedures 5 Diseases and Disorders 35-64
Prohibitions 6 Styles and Techniques 65-86
Hair Defined 7 Tools 87-93
Hair Functions 8 -9 Oregon Laws and Rules 94-143
Hair Structure 10-19 Examination 145-146
Completion Certificate 147
3
Natural Hair Care
  • During the 2013 Legislative Session House Bill
    3409 passed, creating Natural Hair Care as a
    field of practice under the Board of Cosmetology.

4
Training Module
  • There is no formal education (school) required
    to qualify for natural hair care certification.
  • A training module has been provided to help
    familiarize individuals with the necessary
    information to practice natural hair care, in
    addition to the Oregon Revised Statutes and
    Oregon Administrative Rules governing Natural
    Hair Care Practitioners.

5
Procedures
  • Natural Hair Care includes the following
    procedures when performed upon human hair,
    natural fibers or synthetic fibers

Braiding Sewing
Cornrowing Twisting
Extending Weaving
Lacing Wrapping
Locking Hair Extensions
6
Prohibitions
  • Natural Hair Care does not include penetrating
    chemical hair treatments such as

Hair Coloring Hair Straightening
Hair Joining Permanent Wave Styles
Hair Bleaching Hair Bleaching
7
Hair - Defined
  • Natural (human) hair - an appendage of the skin
    which is a slender threadlike cylinder of
    impacted protein and keratinized cells that is an
    outgrowth of the epidermis layer.

8
Hair Functions
  • Primary function - to insulate the body from the
    heat and cold and to protect the head from injury
    and physical trauma.
  • Secondary function - adornment.

9
Hair Structure
  • Human hair is divided into two parts
  • Hair Root
  • Hair Shaft

10
Structure - Hair Root
  • The hair root is located below the surface of the
    epidermis (outer layer of the skin) and composed
    of five main parts.
  • Follicle
  • Arrector Pili
  • Sebaceous Glands
  • Bulb
  • Papilla

11
Structure - Follicle
  • The follicle encompasses the hair root and
    determines texture and curl formation.

12
Structure - Arrector Pili
  • The arrector pili is an involuntary muscle
    attached to the underside of the follicle. The
    muscle is sensitive to fear or cold which causes
    it to contract.

13
Structure - Sebaceous Gland
  • The sebaceous gland provides the follicle with
    natural oils or sebum which adds luster and
    pliability to the hair and scalp.

14
Structure - Hair Bulb
  • The hair bulb is located at the very bottom of
    the hair root which fits over and covers the
    papilla.

15
Structure - Papilla
  • The papilla is a small root area at the base of
    the hair that is filled with an ample supply of
    rich blood and nerves and nourishes the hair and
    stimulates growth and regeneration.

16
Structure - Hair Shaft
  • The hair shaft, also known as the stem of the
    hair, consists of three main layers which
    project above the epidermis.
  • Cuticle
  • Cortex
  • Medulla

17
Hair Shaft - Cuticle
  • The cuticle is the outer-most layer of the hair
    shaft which consists of flattened keratin cells
    and amino acids that protects and seals the inner
    structure of the hair and creates shiny, smooth,
    silky feeling.

18
Hair Shaft - Cortex
  • The cortex is the middle layer of the hair shaft
    which is the thickest part of the shaft and is
    filled with melanin, keratin, protein cells, and
    microfibrils that gives hair its color, length,
    strength, resilience, and moisture content.

19
Hair Shaft - Medulla
  • The medulla is the innermost core of the shaft
    which consists of sponge-like baggy cells that
    are found in thick, course hair and can be
    non-existent in very thin, light-colored hair.

20
Hair Growth
  • There are three distinct cycles to normal hair
    growth
  • Anagen
  • Catagen
  • Telogen

21
Hair Growth - Anagen
  • Anagen is the active growing phase when the bulb
    is moving up through the follicle and new hair is
    being produced. This phase can last up to seven
    years.

22
Hair Growth - Catagen
  • Catogen is the transition or resting phase after
    years of growing when the hair cells stop
    reproducing and the hair begins to lose moisture
    and separates from the papilla. This phase can
    last up to two weeks.

23
Hair Growth - Telogen
  • Telogen is the shedding or resting phase when
    the bulb is totally separate from the root and
    new hair cells divide and multiply creating a new
    hair shaft. This phase can last up to four
    months.

24
Hair Characteristics
  • There are two general characteristics of hair
    differences.
  • Type
  • Texture

25
Hair Characteristics - Type
  • Hair types are basic forms and general
    characteristics of hair fiber which are
    classified into four variations.
  • Straight - round
  • Wavy - oval to round
  • Curly - almost flat
  • Kinky or Coiled - flat and spiraled

26
Hair Characteristics - Texture
  • Hair texture is the measurement and curl
    configuration of a hair fiber resulting from
    three characteristics.
  • Diameter
  • Porosity
  • Elasticity

27
Hair Characteristics - Diameter
  • Diameter refers to the size of the individual
    strands of hair and degree of coarseness or
    fineness.
  • Course hair - largest in diameter
  • Fine hair - smallest in diameter

28
Hair Characteristics - Porosity
  • Porosity is the hairs ability to absorb
    moisture through the cuticle into the cortex. The
    degree of porosity is directly related to the
    condition of the cuticle.
  • Low porosity - referred to as Hydrophobic.
  • High porosity - referred to as Hydrophilic.

29
Hair Characteristics - Elasticity
  • Elasticity is the hairs ability to stretch and
    return to its original size and shape without
    breaking.
  • Normal elasticity - springy and lustrous
  • Dry hair - stretches only 1/5th its length
  • Wet hair - stretches up to 50 of its length

30
Hair Characteristics - Regions
  • There are four bone structures on the cranium
    which results in the variation of hair texture.
  • Occipital
  • Parietal
  • Frontal
  • Temporal

31
Hair Characteristics - Occipital Region
  • Occipital is the bone that forms the back of the
    cranium indenting above the nape.
  • Hair in the occipital region is tighter in its
    coil configuration in addition to being dryer,
    more brittle and easier to break.

32
Hair Characteristics - Parietal Region
  • Parietal is the two bones that form the sides
    and top of the cranium.
  • Hair in the parietal region has a great variety
    of diverse textures.

33
Hair Characteristics - Frontal Region
  • Frontal is the bone that forms the forehead.
  • Hair in the parietal region has a great variety
    of diverse textures.

34
Hair Characteristics - Temporal Region
  • Temporal is the two bones located on either side
    of the head directly above the ears.
  • Hair in the temporal region displays a soft or
    fine coil, is less brittle, and the spiral
    pattern may vary from a very tight to loose or
    medium to large corkscrew pattern.

35
Diseases and Disorders
  • Diseases and disorders may either be infectious,
    an allergic reaction to chemicals or an
    autoimmune response. Each disease or disorder has
    its own specific symptoms or conditions.
  • Practitioners should look for any type of
    abnormalities of the scalp prior to providing
    services and advise the client to seek medical
    attention if necessary.

36
Diseases and Disorders
  • Diseases and disorders can be accelerated by
    internal or external trauma such as physical
    stress or hormonal or chemical imbalances.
  • Hair may be diminished by the weakened condition
    or traumatized state of the scalp resulting from
    a disease or disorder.

37
Diseases - Fungus
  • Fungal organisms are characterized by itching,
    scales and sometimes by painful circular lesions.
  • The following forms of Fungus are contagious and
    can be easily transmitted from one person to
    another by the infected skin scales or hairs that
    contain the fungi which spread the disease.
  • Tinea Capitis
  • Tinea Favosa

38
Diseases - Fungus
  • Tinea Capitis - red papules or spots at the
    opening of the hair follicle. Patches spread and
    the hair becomes brittle and lifeless, breaking
    off leaving a stump, or shed from the enlarged
    open follicles.

39
Diseases - Fungus
  • Tinea Favosa (favus) - Dry, sulfur-yellow,
    cuplike crusts on the scalp which has a peculiar
    odor causing bald patches that may be pink or
    white and shiny.

40
Diseases - Parasites
  • Parasites are living organisms that feed, grow
    and thrive on or in a host organism.

41
Diseases - Parasites
  • The following parasites are contagious and can
    be easily transmitted from one person to another
    from contact with the infected hair and scalp by
    hats, combs, brushes and other personal articles.
  • Pediculosis Capitis (head lice)
  • Scabies (itch mite)

42
Diseases - Parasites
  • Pediculosis Capitis - head lice which feed on
    the scalp causing itching and when scratched can
    cause infection.
  • Scabies - itch mites which burrow under the skin
    causing inflammation, blisters and pustules and
    when scratched can cause infection.

43
Diseases - Pathogenic Bacteria
  • Pathogenic bacteria is a one-celled organism
    that causes disease and infection when entering
    the body.

44
Diseases - Pathogenic Bacteria
  • Straphylococci is a contagious pathogenic
    bacteria that infects the hair follicle and can
    be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact and
    unsterilized tools and implements. The two most
    common types of straphylococci are
  • Furuncle
  • Carbuncle

45
Diseases - Pathogenic Bacteria
  • Furuncle - a pimple or boil perforated by a hair
    that produces constant pain. 
  • Carbuncle - inflammation of the subcutaneous
    tissue similar to a furuncle but larger.

46
Disorders - Dermatitis
  • There are two scalp disorders that manifest
    similar inflammatory and topical conditions.
  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Psoriasis dermatitis

47
Disorders - Dermatitis
  •   Seborrheic Dermatitis - a skin disorder or form
    of eczema caused by an inflammation of the
    sebaceous glands or an inflammatory reaction to
    some commonly used hair products.
  • The scalp is red, inflamed and itchy with white,
    creamy, yeast-like film or patches that coat the
    scalp causing light flaking of dead skin cells
    resembling wet dandruff.
  •  

48
Disorders - Dermatitis
  • Psoriasis Dermatitis - an inflammatory condition
    that results from an autoimmune disease of the
    skin.
  • The scalp is red and irritated and covered with
    patches of silver white scales.

49
Disorders - Pityriasis
  • Pityriasis, also known as dandruff, is a
    microscopic fungus that feeds on the scalps
    natural oils and creates byproducts that cause
    irritation on the scalp.
  • There are two types of Pityriasis
  • Pityriasis Capitis Simplex
  • Pityriasis Steroids

50
Disorders - Pityriasis
  • Pityriasis Capitis Simplex - classic dandruff
  • The scalp is itchy, dry and flaky resulting in
    scattered skin cells which are visible flakes on
    the hair and shoulders.

51
Disorder - Pityriasis
  • Pityriasis Steroids - severe dandruff similar to
    seborrhea dermatitis.
  • The scalp is red and inflamed with large, greasy
    or waxy scales which are combined with sebum
    causing white creamy patches to stick to the
    scalp. When the scales are removed with a comb,
    bleeding or oozing of sebum may result.

52
Disorders - Alopecia
  • Alopecia is an autoimmune disorder that
    mistakenly attacks the hair follicle during the
    Anogen or Telogen growth phase, which causes
    abnormal hair loss, balding or reduced hair
    density.
  •  
  • There are several types of alopecia depending
    upon the location on the head, how it evolves on
    the scalp and its underlying causes.

53
Disorders - Alopecia
  • Alopecia Totalis - small, round patches of hair
    loss progressing into total scalp hair loss. 
  • Alopecia Universalis - complete loss of body
    hair.

54
Disorders - Alopecia
  • Androgenetic Alopecia - slow decrease in hair
    density with a reduced hair diameter
  • In men it is generally located at the parietal
    front and progresses to a horseshoe-shaped
    outline at the crown of the head to the occipital
    area.
  • In women it is generally located at the crown of
    the head and at the temples.

55
Disorders - Alopecia
  • Alopecia Areata - sudden or sometimes
    unrecognized falling out of hair in patches or
    spots. These areas are usually lighter in color
    due to poor blood supply and will usually grow
    back.

56
Disorders - Alopecia
  • Diffuse Alopecia - radical and sudden hair
    loss of the entire scalp followed by thinning of
    the hair density which affects both men and
    women but primarily young females. This hair loss
    is temporary and the hair will grow back as long
    as the hair follicle remains active.

57
Disorders - Alopecia
  • Postpartum alopecia - temporary hair loss for
    three to nine months after pregnancy due to
    sudden changes in hormone levels returning to
    normal within a year.

58
Disorders - Alopecia
  • Traction Alopecia - rapid permanent scarring or
    balding on the scalp due to continuous pulling of
    the hair too tightly over a long period of time
    resulting in the hair being literally pulled out
    of the follicle, taking out the hair root and
    bulb and destroying the hair shaft. This hair
    loss is most apparent in the frontal and temporal
    regions and can also affect the nape area.

59
Disorders - Canities
  • Canities is the term for graying hair which is a
    loss of natural pigment or melanin in the hair.
  • There are three forms of canities
  • Congenital
  • Acquired 
  • Ringed Hair

60
Disorders - Canities
  • Congenital Canities - due to lack of melanin in
    the hair which exists at or before birth and will
    occur in albinos and occasionally in people with
    normal hair.
  •  

61
Disorders - Canities
  • Acquired Canities - due to the aging process,
    during the telogen phase the follicle and bulb
    shrink reducing the process of hair pigmentation
    or melanin. This may also occur prematurely as a
    result of genetics, prolonged anxiety, illness or
    diet.

62
Disorders - Canities
  • Ringed Hair (salt and pepper) - a variety of
    canities characterized by alternating bands of
    grey and pigmented hair throughout the length of
    the hair strand.

63
Disorders - Trichoptilosis
  • Trichoptilosis are split ends of the hair which
    start as small cracks in the cuticle that deepen
    into the cortex.
  •  

64
Disorders - Tichorrhexis Nodosa
  • Tichorrhexis Nodosa is knotted hair which is a
    brush-like spreading out of the fibers of the
    broken-off hair along the hair shaft. It is a
    dry, brittle condition that includes formation of
    nodular swelling along the hair shaft and breaks
    easily.

65
Styles and Techniques
  • Natural, protective or transitional styles and
    techniques used in natural hair care.

66
Styles and Techniques
  • Some styles take many hours to complete. More
    complex styles are not disposable to be casually
    brushed out, and with proper care can last up to
    three months.
  • Some styles create a small amount of tension on
    the hair and if properly started there should be
    no pain, discomfort or irritation to the scalp.

67
Styles and Techniques
  • If the following occurs to the natural hair,
    permanent damage may be caused
  • Improper tension
  • Excessive amount of hair extensions
  • Braid styles worn too long

68
Styles and Techniques - Weaves
  • Weave - a style achieved by adding hair, either
    natural or synthetic, to the existing hair to
    either protect, add a new dimension or cover
    balding or thinning spots.

69
Styles and Techniques - Extensions
  • Extensions - a style achieved by securing wefts
    or strands of human hair, synthetic hair or a
    combination of both to the base of the clients
    natural hair to add length, volume, texture and
    color.

70
Extensions - Natural Hair
  • Natural Hair - Advantages natural hair appears
    more realistic, has a greater durability and
    tolerance to heat from a blow dryer, curling iron
    or hot rollers and can be custom colored or
    permed to suit the client.

71
Extensions - Natural Hair
  • Natural Hair - Disadvantages natural hair
    reacts to exposure to light by fading, to
    humidity by either frizzing or losing its curl,
    and will break or split if mistreated by harsh
    brushing, backcombing, or excessive use of heat.

72
Extensions - Synthetic Hair
  • Synthetic Hair - Advantages synthetic hair is
    particularly strong and durable and can simulate
    natural hair with a lustrous look and feel, is
    generally less expensive than natural hair and
    the color is timeless. The style will not change
    with exposure to humidity.

73
Extensions - Synthetic Hair
  • Synthetic Hair - Disadvantages synthetic hair
    cannot be exposed to extreme heat. Coloring
    synthetic fibers is not recommended due to
    traditional hair colors not being compatible, and
    some synthetic hair is so shiny it looks
    unnatural.

74
Styles and Techniques - Afros
  • Afro - a style of tight curls on long or short
    wavy, curly, coiled or highly textured hair.
  •  

75
Styles and Techniques - Afros
  • Afro-twist extensions - a style achieved when
    human or synthetic hair fibers are anchored to
    the natural hair with a braid-and-twist
    combination.
  •  
  • Afro weave - a style achieved by attaching
    textured hair which is on a weft and sewing it to
    the designated cornrow with cotton thread.

76
Styles and Techniques - Braids
  • Single braid - a style achieved when hair is
    divided into three equal sections that are
    intertwined or weaved into one single braid.
  •  
  • Casamas braids - a style achieved when single,
    large extended braids, with a tight stitch, are
    tapered and/or curved at the ends.
  •  

77
Styles and Techniques - Braids
  • Cornrow and canerow braids - a style achieved
    when underhand, three-strand braids are
    interwoven to lie flat on the scalp and can be
    designed and sculpted into varying patterns with
    or without extensions.

78
Styles and Techniques - Braids
  • Braid-out - a style achieved when the hair is
    braided either wet or dry and then opened to
    create a crimped texture-on-texture effect with
    added volume.

79
Styles and Techniques - Coils
  • Coils or comb twists - a style achieved when
    small sections of natural hair are spiraled with
    fingers or a comb to create individual formations
    of tight, cylindrical coils.
  •  

80
Styles and Techniques - Coils
  • Nubian Coils - a style achieved when naturally
    or naturally curly or textured hair is curled
    into a cylindrical shape with a comb or hands.

81
Styles and Techniques - Locs
  • Locs (dreadlocks) - a style achieved when
    natural textured hair is meshed, intertwined and
    interlaced to form a solid cylinder and separate
    network of hair.
  •  
  • Nu-locs - a style achieved when yarn fiber is
    single-braided, giving the extension a matte
    finish to look like locs.

82
Styles and Techniques - Twists
  • Bantu knot - a style achieved when the hair is
    double-strand twisted or coil twisted and wrapped
    around itself to make a knot and secured by bobby
    pins or elastic bands.
  • Bantu knot out - a style achieve by a bantu knot
    which has been dried and released creating a
    style with spiral curls.

83
Styles and Techniques - Twists
  • Flat twist - a parted row of hair that is
    first divided into two sections and then twisted
    and interwoven to lie flat on the scalp. It can
    be in varying patterns with or without extensions.

84
Styles and Techniques - Twists
  • Double-strand twist - a style achieved with wet
    or dry hair divided into two sections and then
    overlapped to create a twisted rope effect (dry)
    or a textured effect (wet).
  •  
  •  

85
Styles and Techniques - Twists
  • Twist set (two part set) - a style achieved when
    done on natural or transitional hair, twist
    extensions, weaves, wigs or locs which is a
    double-twist and then set on rods which can only
    be placed at the end of the hair or loc.

86
Styles and Techniques - Twists
  • Twist curls - a style achieved on textured hair
    and done by using a double-twist technique on wet
    hair to define the textured curls and waves.
  •  
  • Twist-out - a style achieved by a double-strand
    twist, on any size and length of wet hair. The
    dried twists are opened and unraveled to add
    fullness, volume and a crimped effect.

87
Tools
  • The only tools that may be used for a natural
    hair care service are the hands or simple devices
    such as
  • Combs
  • Needles
  • Clips
  • Working Boards
  • Scissors may only be used to trim synthetic
    fibers or hair extensions as necessary.

88
Tools - Combs
  • Finishing comb - is usually 8-10 inches long,
    works well on fine or straight hair and is used
    when trimming synthetic fibers, hair extensions
    or sewn-in weave extensions.
  • Large-tooth /wide-tooth comb - medium to large
    distance between the tooth range to allow curly
    hair to move between the rows of teeth with ease.

89
Tools - Combs
  • Tail comb - tapering tail or handle used for
    parting hair for braiding, weaving, sectioning
    large segments of hair and opening and removal of
    braids.
  • Double-tooth comb/detangling comb - two rows of
    teeth used for separating the hair as it combs,
    to limit tangling and snarling on wet curly hair.

90
Tools - Combs
  • Pic Comb - long, widely spaced, rounded teeth,
    made of metal, plastic, wood or ivory and
    designed for lifting and separating textured and
    curly hair, such as Afros and human hair
    extensions.

91
Tools - Clips
  • Long Clips - used to assist in the service to
    separate large sections of hair.
  • Butterfly Clips - used to assist in the service
    to separate small and large sections of hair.

92
Tools - Curved Needle
  • Curved Needle - the curve directs the point of
    the needle away from the head used for weaving
    thread for braids, weave styles and weaves for
    getting close to the scalp without harming the
    scalp.

93
Tools Working Boards
  • Hackle Board - Flat board with fine, upright
    nails used for combing through human hair
    extensions to detangle or blend colors and
    highlights.
  • Drawing board - a flat leather pad with very
    close, fine teeth that sandwiches and secures the
    human hair to allow the needed proportion to be
    drawn from the board without disturbing the rest
    of the hair while braiding.

94
Oregon Laws and Rules
  • The following information is taken directly from
    Oregon Revised Statutes, Chapter 690 and Oregon
    Administrative Rules, Chapter 817 governing all
    Cosmetology fields of practice in Oregon.

95
Fields of Practice
  • Natural Hair Care - one of five fields of
    practice governed by the Board of Cosmetology.
  • Barbering
  • Esthetics
  • Hair Design
  • Nail Technology
  • Natural Hair Care

96
Practitioner Certificate
  • Practitioner Certificate - a written
    authorization allowing an individual to perform
    services in one or more fields of practice.
  • A practitioner certificate is good for two years
    and becomes inactive on the last day of the month
    two years from the date of issuance. The
    certificate is transferrable between work
    locations.

97
Practice
  • Practice - the holder of a natural hair care
    practitioner certificate may practice in the
    capacity as a/an
  • Employee
  • Independent Contractor
  • Freelance Authorization

98
Employee
  • Employee - a practitioner may perform services
    in a licensed facility under the control and
    direction of a facility license holder.

99
Independent Contractor
  • Independent Contractor Registration - a written
    authorization that allows a practitioner to
    perform services in a licensed facility, not
    under the control and direction of a facility
    license holder.
  • An Independent contractor registration is good
    for one year and becomes inactive on the last day
    of the month one year from the date of issuance.
    The registration is transferrable between work
    locations.

100
Freelance Authorization
  • Freelance authorization - a written
    authorization that allows a practitioner to
    perform services outside of or away from a
    licensed facility.
  • A freelance authorization is good for one year
    and becomes inactive on the last day of the month
    one year from the date of issuance.
  • The Oregon Laws and Rules Examination must be
    passed within two years before the date of
    application to obtain a freelance authorization.

101
Freelance Authorization
  • A freelance authorization holder must provide
    each client with
  • The agencys name, address, and phone number to
    comment on services they have received and
  • Display the practitioner certificate number and
    freelance authorization number on all
    advertising.

102
Facility
  • Facility - an establishment operated on a
    regular or irregular basis for the purpose of
    providing services in one or more fields of
    practice.

103
Facility License
  • Facility license - a written authorization
    issued to a natural person to operate a facility
    for providing services in one or more fields of
    practice.
  • A facility license is good for one year and
    becomes inactive on the last day of the month one
    year from the date of issuance. The license is
    not transferrable from person to person or from
    location to location.

104
Posting Requirements
  • All practitioner certificates, facility licenses
    and independent contractor registrations must be
    posted in public view. Freelance authorization
    holders must show their authorization upon
    request.

105
Posting Requirements
  • Facility license and independent contractor
    registration holders must post the most recent
    inspection certificate in public view on the
    facility premises and allow access to the
    inspection certificate upon request by the
    agencys inspector or representative.

106
Definitions
  • Agency - the Oregon Health Licensing Agency.
  • Board - the Board of Cosmetology which
    determines practice standards, education and
    training, and provides consultation to the agency
    on all disciplinary actions.

107
Definitions
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - a branch
    of the federal government, which approves and
    registers chemical compounds and agents.
  • Disinfect - a process used to destroy harmful
    organisms, including bacteria, viruses, germs and
    fungi.

108
Definitions
  • Low-level disinfectant - a chemical agent which
    has demonstrated bactericidal, germicidal,
    fungicidal, and limited virucidal activity and is
    registered with EPA.
  • High-level disinfectant - a chemical agent which
    has demonstrated tuberculocidal activity and is
    registered with the EPA.

109
Definitions
  • Sanitizing container - a receptacle, holding a
    disinfecting agent, which is large and deep
    enough to submerge the tool(s) or implements(s)
    or portion(s) thereof, which are to be
    disinfected.
  • Article - items which compliment services
    including but not limited to neck strips, towels
    or linens and cloth or plastic capes.

110
Definitions
  • Tools and implements - portable articles and
    instruments, which the practitioner can carry to
    use in the performance of services on clients.
  • Soiled - an article that has been used and has
    not been cleaned or disinfected before use on the
    next client.

111
Definitions
  • Hazardous - an unplanned, uncontrolled reaction
    which could present a hazard to practitioners or
    clients by explosion, fire, release of toxic
    gases or by-products, or physical or chemical
    burns.

112
Definitions
  • Segregated in storage - potentially hazardous
    chemicals and materials must be separated to
    prevent mixing with one another through leakage,
    spillage or breakage, by an adequate distance or
    through the use of physical barriers such as
    partitions or separate shelving arrangements.

113
Facility Standards
  • All licensed facilities must comply with all
    applicable administrative rules and regulations
    of the board and other state agencies regarding
    health, safety, and infection control standards.
  • A facility license holder must allow the
    agencys representative to inspect the facility
    or conduct an investigation.

114
Facility Standards
  • The cleanliness and sanitary conditions of any
    shared or common area in a licensed facility is
    the responsibility of each license or
    registration holder.
  • All facility license and independent contractor
    registration holders will be cited for violations
    of the rules or regulations found in the shared
    or common area of a licensed facility.

115
Standards for Facilities Located in Residence
  • A licensed facility located in a residence must
    comply with all facility standards including
    having an identifying house number and sign, with
    the facility name on file with the agency, which
    is easily visible from the street and indicates
    the location of the facility.

116
Standards for Facilities Located in Residence
  • The living area of the residence must be
    separated from the licensed facility by solid
    walls extending from floor to ceiling, with any
    connecting doors kept closed while the facility
    is in operation.

117
Water Supply Requirements and Standards
  • Licensed facilities must have an adequate supply
    of both hot and cold running water and wash
    basins on the facility premises.
  • Practitioners must have immediate access to a
    supply of hot and cold running water.
  • Washing accommodations must be maintained in a
    clean and sanitary condition.

118
Water Supply Requirements and Standards
  • All licensed facilities must have hand soap or
    similar cleansing agents available.
  • Individual towels of cloth or paper must be
    available. Air blowers for drying the hands may
    be substituted for towels.
  • Use of bar soap or a common towel is prohibited.

119
Floor Surface
  • Floor surfaces in the working area of a licensed
    facility must be of a cleanable, non-absorbent
    material and must be kept clean, orderly, and in
    good repair.

120
Walls and Ceilings
  • Walls and ceilings in a licensed facility must
    be clean and free of excessive spots, mildew,
    condensation, or peeling paint.

121
Pets in Facilities
  • Pets or other animals must not be permitted in a
    licensed facility at any time.
  • This prohibition does not apply to trained guide
    dogs for the disabled, sightless, or hearing
    impaired or to fish in aquariums.

122
Towels or Linens
  • Clean towels or linens must be used for each
    client and must be stored in a clean area.
  • All soiled towels or linens must be stored in a
    closable container after each use.

123
Towels or Linens
  • Used towels must be laundered either by regular
    commercial laundering or by a non-commercial
    laundering process, which includes use of
    commercial laundry detergent manufactured for the
    purpose of cleaning clothes, linens or other
    washable fabric, and immersion in hot water
    during the hot water wash/rinse operation.

124
Articles in Contact with a Client
  • To prevent direct contact between a common use
    hair cloth or cape and the clients skin, there
    must be a neck strip or towel placed around the
    clients neck.

125
Articles in Contact with a Client
  • All items that come in direct contact with the
    clients skin, that do not require disinfecting,
    must be clean. If the item cannot be cleaned or
    disinfected it must be disposed of in a covered
    waste receptacle immediately after use.

126
Hairpieces
  • During the trying on of a manufactured
    hairpiece, that portion of the head which comes
    in contact with the hairpiece must be completely
    covered with a disposable cover.
  • All used hair goods must be cleaned according to
    manufacturers instructions before resale and
    marked as used.

127
Refuse and Waste Material
  • All waste related to the performance of services
    must be deposited in a covered container to avoid
    the potential for cross contamination through,
    release of or exposure to, infectious waste
    materials.

128
Refuse and Waste Material
  • Waste unrelated to performance of services must
    be deposited in a waste disposal container.
  • Containers located in the reception area, which
    do not contain waste relating to performance of
    services, are exempt from having covers.

129
Refuse and Waste Material
  • Outer surfaces of waste disposal containers must
    be kept clean.
  • Sealable plastic bags and sealable rigid
    containers must be available for use at all times
    services are being performed in a licensed
    facility.

130
Disinfecting Non-Electric Tools and Implements
  • All tools and implements used within a field of
    practice must be disinfected before use on each
    client.

131
Disinfecting Non-Electric Tools and Implements
  • The method for disinfecting non-electrical tools
    and implements will be as follows
  • Remove all hair and/or foreign material
  • Clean thoroughly with soap or detergent and
    water
  • Rinse thoroughly with clear, clean water and
  • Sterilize, using one of the approved methods.

132
Requirement and Standards
  • All tools and implements that come in direct
    contact with a client must be disinfected or
    disposed of after use.
  • All tools and implements with sharp edges or
    points must be totally immersed in a high-level
    disinfectant according to the manufacturers
    instructions.

133
Requirements and Standards
  • All tools and implements without sharp edges or
    points must be totally immersed in a solution
    containing 1,000 parts per million (ppm) of a
    commercial quaternary ammonium compound or other
    low-level disinfectant used according to the
    manufacturers instructions.

134
Requirements and Standards
  • All disinfecting agents must be kept at adequate
    strengths to maintain effectiveness, be free of
    foreign material and be available for immediate
    use at all times the licensed facility is open
    for business.

135
Requirements and Standards
  • Single-use disposable gloves must be discarded
    after use with each client.

136
Requirements and Standards
  • All manual devices or equipment used in the
    practice of natural hair care must be used in
    accordance with the product safety and
    registration requirements imposed by any
    federal, state, county, or local authority.

137
Requirements and Standards
  • Natural hair care practitioners may not use any
    manual device or equipment unless the use is part
    of the delivery of services within the
    practitioners scope of practice, and is
    consistent with the manufacturers intended use
    of the device and with client health and safety.

138
Storage of Tools and Implements
  • New and/or disinfected and cleaned tools and
    implements must be stored separately from all
    others.
  • Storage drawers for clean tools and implements
    must be clean, free of hair and used only for
    clean tools and implements.

139
Storage of Tools and Implements
  • Storage cabinets, work stations and vanities
    must be kept clean.

140
Equipment
  • The surface of all equipment where services are
    performed, including but not limited to back bars
    must be of cleanable non-absorbent material.
  • All equipment must be clean and in good repair.

141
Equipment
  • A high-level disinfectant or bleach solution,
    used according to the manufacturers
    instructions, must be used to disinfect surfaces
    contaminated by blood or bodily fluids.

142
Serving Clients
  • Practitioners must wash their hands before and
    after serving each client to prevent cross
    contamination.
  • When washing hands practitioners must use soap
    and water or other alternative hand-washing
    products, such as gel, aerosol spray, foam, or
    pre-packaged hand wipes.

143
Serving Clients
  • Practitioners performing services on clients
    with skin conditions that are wet or weeping must
    wear single-use protective gloves.
  • Head lice may be treated at the discretion of
    the practitioner and/or facility owner.

144
Congratulations!
  • You have now completed the Natural Hair Care
    Training Module.
  • The following requirements will need to be
    completed prior to obtaining a Natural Hair Care
    Certificate

145
Examination Requirements
  • Print and complete the attached certificate of
    completion.
  • Obtain the Natural Hair Care Certification
    Application from the agencys web site at
  • http//www.oregon.gov/OHLA/COS/Pages/forms.aspxP
    ractitioner_Application
  • Provide all requirements listed on the
    application checklist in order to sit for the
    Natural Hair Care Written Examination.

146
Examination Requirements
  • The examination is administered at the Oregon
    Health Licensing Agency, 700 Summer St. N.E.,
    Suite 320, Salem, Oregon 97301.
  • Agency hours for testing are Monday 9am -130 pm
    and Tuesday through Friday 8am -130pm.

147
Certificate of Completion
  • I herby attest and confirm that I have
    completed the
  • Natural Hair Care Training Module
  • _______________________
  • Print Full Name
  • ____________________________________ ____________
    ____________________
  • Signature Date of Completion
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