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Inventor of the Printing Press

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People PT 1. People Pt. 2 Northern Renaissance pt. 1 Northern Renaissance pt. 2 Reformation pt. 1 Reformation pt. 2 Old stuff 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 200 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Inventor of the Printing Press


1
People PT 1. People Pt. 2 Northern Renaissance pt. 1 Northern Renaissance pt. 2 Reformation pt. 1 Reformation pt. 2 Old stuff
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2
Inventor of the Printing Press
3
  • Johann Gutenberg

4
German Priest who is credited with starting the
Reformation after nailing a list of complaints
about the Church to a church door.
5
Martin Luther
6
This person broke away from the Catholic Church
and formed the Church of England after the Pope
wouldnt grant his divorce.
7
  • King Henry VIII

8
  • Northern scholar who warned against ignoring
    history and encourage the study of history and
    the humanities.

9
  • Petrarch

10
  • English professor who was executed for
    translating the Bible into English.

11
William Tyndale
12
Politician who wrote a short book, The Prince,
which gave practical advice to leaders on how
they should rule.
13
Machiavelli
14
Considered one of the greatest writers in the
English language (over 30 plays and created over
2,000 words).
15
  • William Shakespeare

16
  • Influential church reformer who taught the idea
    of predestination to his followers.

17
  • John Calvin

18
  • Northern Renaissance Author who wrote the book
    Don Quixote which poked fun at the romantic tales
    of the middle ages.

19
  • Miguel de Cervantes

20
Religious reformer who criticized the corrupt
clergy and wanted to get rid of some Church
rituals he thought were meaningless. Instead of
rituals he emphasized devotion to God and the
teachings of Jesus.
21
  • Desiderius Erasmus

22
  • In regards to education, what could women NOT DO
    during the Renaissance?

23
  • Attend Universities

24
  • What was the first book printed using the new
    printing press?

25
  • The Bible

26
What was the focus of art in the North during the
Renaissance?
27
  • Daily life/realistic scenes (lifelike)

28
What were the new subjects (that were not
religious but focused on human conditions/history/
etc.) known as?
29
  • Humanities

30
What two things did Mathematicians create in
regards to Math during the Renaissance?
31
  • Symbols for positive and negative numbers
  • Symbol for square root

32
What were 2 new subjects taught during the
Renaissance that were not really taught during
the Middle Ages?
33
  • Art, history, literature, music, language, etc.

34
  • What were two ways the printing press helped
    change Europe?

35
  • Helped spread information quickly, start printing
    things in common languages, much quicker,
    literature can be mass produced.

36
What were 3 of Shakespeare's famous plays?
37
  • Macbeth, Othello, Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, etc.

38
  • What changes in Literature helped the common
    people during the Renaissance?

39
  • Literature began to be written in common
    languages so more people could understand it and
    learn from it.

40
What were two similarities and two differences
between the Northern and Italian Renaissance?
41
  • Similar- advances in math, art, and literature.
    More lifelike art and use of perspective, write
    in common languages, education in humanities and
    is more well-rounded
  • Differences North- scholars study religion and
    question it, religious humanism, more
    realistic/lifelike paintings
  • Italy- Focus on ancient Greece and Rome, study
    Greek and Roman poetry, art/etc, classical myths
    (not daily life) is focus of art.

42
Who were Protestants? What were some reasons they
were angry with the Church?
43
  • People who rebelled against the Catholic Church.
  • Problems Church too involved in politics, too
    involved with wealth, sale of indulgences (reduce
    time in Purgatory), not religious enough.

44
  • What did Calvinists believe?
  • Who were Huguenots?

45
  • Calvinists- predestination (fate decided before
    you are born)
  • Huguenots- French protestants

46
  • What was the Counter (Catholic) Reformation?
  • Who were the Jesuits?

47
  • Counter (Catholic) Reformation- Effort to reform
    Church from within and stop spread of
    Protestantism
  • Jesuits- Religious order formed to help stop
    Protestantism and to help Spread Catholicism
    across the world.

48
  • What happened to Martin Luther after he nailed
    his 95 theses to the Church door?

49
  • He was excommunicated and exiled from Germany (a
    German noble, however, hid him so he stayed in
    Germany).
  • Put on trial

50
  • What law granted freedom for French Protestants
    to worship mostly anywhere freely in France
    except for Paris and a few other cities.

51
  • Edict of Nantes

52
  • What is Federalism?

53
  • Sharing of power between local and strong central
    governments.

54
  • What were the results of the Council of Trent?
    Name 3.

55
  • No selling indulgences, protestant ideas are
    rejected, bishops live in areas they oversee, ban
    certain books, set up religious courts to track
    down non-Catholics.

56
  • According to Machiavelli, the ideal ruler should
    be ..

57
  • Feared and loved

58
  • Why was the 30 years War fought? What was the
    Treaty of Westphalia (what did it say?)?

59
  • King of Bohemia (state in Holy Roman Empire)
    tried to force all his people to become Catholic.
  • Protestants fight back and other countries join
    in 30 years of fighting.
  • Treaty of Westphalia- Ended the War and said that
    leaders could choose whether their people would
    be Protestant or Catholic.

60
  • What were 2 religious and 2 social/political
    changes that occurred as a result of the
    Reformation?

61
  • Religious Protestant groups form, Jesuits spread
    Catholicism around world, Council of Trent
    changes certain church practices, people question
    Catholicism.
  • Political/Social Religious freedom to people in
    France, Treaty of Westphalia allows leaders to
    pick religions, protestant congregations begin to
    run their own churches and towns, realize their
    own ideas are just as good as scholars, etc., and
    begin to question the world, federalism develops
    as people demand equality and a say in government.

62
  • Machiavelli wrote that it is best for a leader to
    be loved and feared but not possible so which one
    should a leader choose?

63
  • Feared

64
  • What did Italian Renaissance thinkers look to for
    inspiration?

65
  • Ancient Greek and Roman society the classics

66
  • Who painted the Last Supper?

67
  • Leonardo da Vinci

68
  • What does this Machiavelli quote mean, The end
    justifies the means?

69
  • It doesnt matter how you achieve your goals as
    long as you achieve them stay in power and
    protect your country

70
  • What were the four major trading cities in Italy
    during the Renaissance?

71
  • Genoa
  • Milan
  • Venice
  • Florence
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