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America Becomes A Colonial Power

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Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: America Becomes A Colonial Power


1
America Becomes a Colonial Power
Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS
Chappaqua, NY
2
H-O-H Why did America join the imperialist club
at the end of the 19c?
3
1. Commercial/Business Interests
U. S. Foreign Investments 1869-1908
4
1. Commercial/Business Interests
American Foreign Trade1870-1914
5
2. Military/Strategic Interests
Alfred T. Mahan ? The Influence of Sea Power on
History 1660-1783
6
3. Social Darwinist Thinking
The White MansBurden
The Hierarchyof Race
7
4. Religious/Missionary Interests
American Missionariesin China, 1905
8
5. Closing the American Frontier
9
Hawaii "Crossroads of the Pacific"
10
U. S. Missionaries in Hawaii
Imiola Church first built in the late 1820s
11
U. S. View of Hawaiians
Hawaii becomes a U. S. Protectorate in 1849
by virtue of economic treaties.
12
Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani
Hawaii for the Hawaiians!
13
U. S. Business Interests In Hawaii
  • 1875 Reciprocity Treaty
  • 1890 McKinley Tariff
  • 1893 Americanbusinessmen backed anuprising
    against Queen Liliuokalani.
  • Sanford Ballard Dole proclaims the Republic of
    Hawaii in 1894.

14
To The Victor Belongs the Spoils
Hawaiian Annexation Ceremony, 1898
15
Japan
16
Commodore Matthew Perry Opens Up Japan 1853
The Japanese View of Commodore Perry
17
Treaty of Kanagawa 1854
18
Gentlemans Agreement 1908
  • A Japanese note agreeing to deny passports
    tolaborers entering the U.S.
  • Japan recognized the U.S.right to exclude
    Japaneseimmigrants holding passportsissued by
    other countries.
  • The U.S. government got theschool board of San
    Francisco to rescind their order tosegregate
    Asians in separateschools.
  • 1908 ? Root-Takahira Agreement.

19
Lodge Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine 1912
  • Senator Henry CabotLodge, Sr. (R-MA)
  • Non-European powers,like Japan, would
    beexcluded from owningterritory in the
    WesternHemisphere.

20
Alaska
21
Sewards Folly 1867
7.2 million
22
Sewards Icebox 1867
23
Cuba
24
The Imperialist Taylor
25
Spanish Misrule in Cuba
26
Valeriano Weylers Reconcentration Policy
27
Yellow Journalism Jingoism
Joseph Pulitzer
Hearst to Frederick Remington You furnish
the pictures, and Ill furnish the war!
William Randolph Hearst
28
De Lôme Letter
  • Dupuy de Lôme, SpanishAmbassador to the U.S.
  • Criticized PresidentMcKinley as weak and
    abidder for the admirationof the crowd,
    besidesbeing a would-be politicianwho tries to
    leave a dooropen behind himself whilekeeping on
    good termswith the jingoes of hisparty.

29
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Assistant Secretary of the Navy in the McKinley
    administration.
  • Imperialist and American nationalist.
  • Criticized PresidentMcKinley as having the
    backbone of a chocolate éclair!
  • Resigns his position to fight in Cuba.

30
The Rough Riders
31
Remember the Maineand to Hell with Spain!
Funeral for Maine victims in Havana
32
The Spanish-American War (1898)That Splendid
Little War
How prepared was the US for war?
33
The Philippines
34
The Spanish-American War (1898)That Splendid
Little War
35
Dewey Captures Manila!
36
Is He To Be a Despot?
37
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Leader of the FilipinoUprising.
  • July 4, 1946Philippine independence

38
William H. Taft, 1stGov.-General of the
Philippines
Great administrator.
39
Our Sphere of Influence
40
The Treaty of Paris 1898
  • Cuba was freed from Spanish rule.
  • Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the island ofGuam.
  • The U. S. paid Spain20 mil. for
    thePhilippines.
  • The U. S. becomesan imperial power!

41
The American Anti-Imperialist
League
  • Founded in 1899.
  • Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie, WilliamJames, and
    WilliamJennings Bryan amongthe leaders.
  • Campaigned against the annexation of
    thePhilippines and otheracts of imperialism.

42
Cuban Independence?
  • Teller Amendment (1898)
  • Platt Amendment (1903)
  • Cuba was not to enter into any agreements with
    foreign powers that would endanger its
    independence.
  • The U.S. could intervene in Cuban affairs if
    necessary to maintain an efficient, independent
    govt.
  • Cuba must lease Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. for
    naval and coaling station.
  • Cuba must not build up an excessive public debt.

Senator Orville Platt
43
DILEMMA--Did U. S. citizenship follow the flag??
44
Puerto Rico
45
Puerto Rico 1898
  • 1900 - Foraker Act.
  • PR became an unincorporated territory.
  • Citizens of PR, not of the US.
  • Import duties on PR goods
  • 1901-1903 ? the Insular Cases.
  • Constitutional rights were not automatically
    extended to territorial possessions.
  • Congress had the power to decide these rights.
  • Import duties laid down by the Foraker Act were
    legal!

46
Puerto Rico 1898
  • 1917 Jones Act.
  • Gave full territorial status to PR.
  • Removed tariff duties on PR goods coming into the
    US.
  • PRs elected theirown legislators governor to
    enforcelocal laws.
  • PRs could NOT votein US presidentialelections.
  • A resident commissioner was sent to Washington to
    vote for PR in the House.

47
Panama
48
Panama The Kings Crown
  • 1850 ? Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
  • 1901 ? Hay-Paunceforte Treaty.
  • Philippe Bunau-Varilla,agent provocateur.
  • Dr. Walter Reed.
  • Colonel W. Goethals.
  • 1903 ? Hay-Bunau- Varilla Treaty.

49
Panama Canal
TR in Panama(Construction begins in 1904)
50
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
1905
Chronic wrongdoing may in America, as elsewhere,
ultimately require intervention by some civilized
nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the
adherence of the United States to the Monroe
Doctrine may force the United States, however
reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing
or impotence, to the exercise of an international
police power .
51
Speak Softly,But Carry a Big Stick!
52
China
53
Stereotypes of the Chinese
Immigrant
Oriental Chinese Exclusion Act, 1887
54
The Boxer Rebellion 1900
  • The Peaceful Harmonious Fists.
  • 55 Days at Peking.

55
The Open Door Policy
  • Secretary John Hay.
  • Give all nations equalaccess to trade in China.
  • Guaranteed that China would NOT be taken over by
    any one foreign power.

56
TheOpen Door Policy
57
America as a Pacific Power
58
America's New Role
59
The Cares of a Growing Family
60
Constable of the World
61
Treaty of Portsmouth 1905
Nobel Peace Prize for Teddy
62
The Great White Fleet 1907
63
Tafts Dollar Diplomacy
  • Improve financialopportunities for American
    businesses.
  • Use private capital tofurther U. S.
    interestsoverseas.
  • Therefore, the U.S. should create stability and
    order abroad that would best promote Americas
    commercial interests.

64
Mexico
65
The Mexican Revolution 1910s
  • Victoriano Huerta seizes control of Mexico and
    puts Madero in prison where he was murdered.
  • Venustiano Carranza, Pancho Villa, Emiliano
    Zapata, and Alvaro Obregon fought against
    Huerta.
  • The U.S. also got involved by occupying Veracruz
    and Huerta fled the country.
  • Eventually Carranza would gain power in Mexico.

66
The Mexican Revolution 1910s
Emiliano Zapata
Pancho Villa
Venustiano Carranza
Porfirio Diaz
Francisco I Madero
67
Wilsons Moral Diplomacy
  • The U. S. shouldbe the conscienceof the world.
  • Spread democracy.
  • Promote peace.
  • Condemn colonialism.

68
Searching for Banditos
General John J. Pershing with PanchoVilla in
1914.
69
U. S. Global Investments Investments in Latin
America, 1914
70
U. S. Interventions in Latin America 1898-1920s
71
Uncle Sam One of the Boys?
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