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The Spanish American War


The Spanish American War Chapter 14 Section 2 Reviewing the Main Idea Why did the United States declare its independence from Britain? What other reasons might make ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Spanish American War

The Spanish American War
  • Chapter 14 Section 2

Reviewing the Main Idea
  • Why did the United States declare its
    independence from Britain?
  • What other reasons might make nations want to
    fight for their freedom?

Major Causes of the War
  • 1. Cuban rebellion against Spain
  • 2. American desire to protect sugar investments
    in Cuba.
  • 3. Yellow Journalism spurs anger towards Spain.
  • 4. The explosion of the USS Maine.

1.Reasons for rebellion
  • Cuba was one of Spains oldest colonies in the
  • The Spanish enslaved a large portion of the
    population to work in sugar plantations. Cuba
    produced 1/3 of the worlds sugar.
  • Why was Cuba so valuable to Spain?
  • American tariff on Cuban sugar leaves the economy
  • What is a tariff?
  • Cuba declares independence in 1895.

2. Yellow Journalism Spurs Support for war
  • Yellow Journalism When stories are exaggerated
    or made up to attract readers. Think the
  • Americans are reading this journalism in popular
    newspapers The New York World and the Journal.
    These papers are owned by the famous William
    Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer. Many accuse
    them of pushing for war!

Describe the cartoon
3.The US declares War!
  • 1897 William McKinley becomes president. He does
    not want to get involved in the war, but wants to
    help negotiate peace.
  • Wyler is removed as Governor and the Spanish
    offer the Cubans autonomy if they remain part of
    the Spanish empire.
  • The Cubans refuse!
  • McKinley sends the USS Maine to Havana in case
    Americans need to evacuate the island.
  • On February 15, 1898 the Maine exploded in Havana
    Harbor. To this day nobody knows exactly why.
  • What do you think the yellow journalists said
    caused the explosion?
  • Remember the Maine becomes the slogan for those
    who want war.
  • On April 19, 1898 The United States declared war
    on Spain.

Was war justified?
  • Jingoism-Feeling of strong nationalism. We had
    to get revenge for the USS Maine!
  • What do you think?
  • Where do you think the fighting will take place?

Remember the Maine
  • Lend your ear to the whisper, it floats from
    afar,It has traveled from where, underneath her
    lone star,The fair isle of Cuba impatiently
    waitsThe summons to enter our circle of
    states.From the depths of her anguish the throes
    of her pain,That whisper comes to us, "Remember
    the 'Maine'."Lend your ear to the whisper, it
    tells of the brave,Who with sword yet in sheath,
    know not even a graveCan we say had that sword
    but been wakened in time,That back from the
    shot-riven air and the grimeOf the conflict, our
    sons might have reached us again,While their
    foemen would ever "Remember the 'Maine'."Lend
    your ear to the whisper, nay lend more your
    hand,'Twill be needed, if men yet remain in this
    land,That so proudly lays claim to the title of
    free,And that now in its sorrow is summoned to
    be A saviour, if not an avenger how plain
    Comes the message, O brothers "Remember the
    'Maine'."Lend your ear to the whisper, 'tis
    growing more strong,'Tis a whisper no longer,
    'tis sweeping alongThrough the length and the
    breadth of this land of the free,From city to
    mountain, from mountain to sea,And the voice of
    America tells thee, O Spain,That the men of our
    country "Remember the 'Maine'."-Arthur H.
    MacOwen 1898

The Fighting Begins
  • The US Navy surrounds Cuba, while Commodore
    George Dewey was ordered to attack the Spanish in
    the Philippines (a Spanish Colony)
  • Why attack the Philippines?
  • The US very easily defeats the Spanish in the
    Philippines with the help of Emilio Aguinaldo, a
    revolutionary who wanted independence for the
  • The US is also able to take control of the
    Spanish possession Guam

Fighting in Cuba
  • Both sides were not prepared to fight this war.
  • Many die from disease rather than in battle.
  • Many thought the fate of the war would be
    determined at sea.
  • Rough Riders mix of cowboys, miners, and law
    officers under the command of Theodore Roosevelt
    accomplish major victories and force the Spanish
    fleet to flee. ¼ of the troops were African
    American and four received the medal of honor for
    their bravery.
  • Spanish troops surrender and American troops move
    into the Spanish colony of Puerto Rico.

Conditions of Peace
  • Cuba will gain its independence
  • The US will annex Guam and Puerto Rico
  • What should happen to the Philippines?
  • Who do you think should have control over the
  • This question causes a huge debate.
  • 1.Some argued that it would be good for the US
  • Sell US goods
  • Military ports in pacific
  • 2. Others felt it went against what America stood
  • Liberty and Justice for all
  • President McKinley eventually decides to annex
    the Philippines
  • Why do the Philippines feel betrayed?

The Platt Amendment
  • The United States promised Cuba independence
    under the following conditions
  • 1. Cuba cold not make any treaty with another
    nation that would weaken its independence.
  • 2. Cuba had to allow the US to buy or lease naval
    stations in Cuba.
  • 3. Cubas debts had to be kept low to prevent
    foreign troops from enforceing payment.
  • 4. The US would have the right to intervene to
    protect Cuban independence and keep order.

Puerto Rico
  • The Foraker Act (1900) established a civil
    government for the island, that gave the
    President (of the US) final authority. Citizens
    of Puerto Rico were not considered US citizens.
  • In 1917 Puerto Rico citizens were granted United
    States citizenship. The debate began over
    whether or not to make Puerto Rico a state.
  • This debate is still taking place today!

The Philippine Insurrection
  • What was it? A three year war over control of
    the Philippines between the US and the
  • Many losses on both sides due to disease and
  • William Howard Taft, the governor of the island,
    tries to improve education, transportation, and
    healthcare to help ease tension.
  • By 1902 the fighting was over, and in 1946 the
    United States granted independence to the