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WHAT IS HUMAN GEOGRAPHY?

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what is human geography? a study of people and places a study of how people make places, organize space and society, interact across space, and make sense of others ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WHAT IS HUMAN GEOGRAPHY?


1
WHAT IS HUMAN GEOGRAPHY?
  • A STUDY OF PEOPLE AND PLACES
  • A STUDY OF HOW PEOPLE MAKE PLACES, ORGANIZE SPACE
    AND SOCIETY, INTERACT ACROSS SPACE, AND MAKE
    SENSE OF OTHERS AND OURSELVES IN OUR LOCALITIES,
    REGIONS, AND THE WORLD
  • A STUDY OF SPATIAL SCIENCE
  • A STUDY OF SPATIAL VARIATION

2
WHAT IS HUMAN GEOGRAPHY?
  • A SPATIAL STUDY-PERTAINING TO SPACE
  • AN INTEREST IN SPATIAL ARRANGEMENTS OF PLACES AND
    PHENOMENA, HOW LAID OUT, ORGANIZED, ARRANGED, AND
    HOW THEY APPEARED ON LANDSCAPE

3
WHAT IS HUMAN GEOGRAPHY?
  • A STUDY OF GLOBALIZATION
  • A SET OF PROCESSES INCREASING INTERACTIONS,
    DEEPENING RELATIONSHIPS, AND HEIGHTENING
    INTERDEPENDENCE WITHOUT REGARD TO NATION BORDERS

4
THINK!
  • THINK OF THE REMOTEST PLACE YOU CAN THINK OF IN
    THE WORLD ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO.
  • DESCRIBE HOW G. HAS CHANGED THIS PLACE AND HOW
    THE PEOPLE THERE CONTINUE TO SHAPE ITTO MAKE IT
    TH EPLACE IT IS TODAY.

5
GEOGRAPHY-TYPES
  • HUMAN (CULTURAL)
  • PHYSICAL (LAND)
  • LANGUAGE, RELIGION, IDENTITY
  • LANDFORMS, CLIMATE, AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE

6
EVOLUTION OF GEOGRAPHY
  • GREECE
  • AIDED BY HELP FROM EGYPTIANS AND MESOPOTAMIANS
    AND INDIA AND CHINA
  • GE, GEO-EARTH
  • GRAPHE-TO DESCRIBE, WRITE
  • SEE ARTICLE

7
DEFINITION OF GEOGRAPHY
  • SEE READING ASSIGNMENT
  • GEOGRAPHERS USE SPATIAL PERSPECTIVE (THE
    OBSERVATION GEO. PHENOMENA ACROSS SPACE) FOR
    STUDY.
  • RESULT
  • FIVE THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY

8
FIVE THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY
  • LOCATION
  • HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION
  • REGION
  • CONTEXT WITHIN WHICH EVENTS AND PROCESSES ARE
    LOCATED
  • WHY ARE PLACES WHERE THEY ARE?
  • RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HUMANS AND PHYSICAL WORLD
  • WHAT ARE LONGTERM RESULTS OF GULF OILSPILL?
  • AREA OF GEO. PHENOMENA
  • WHY DID THE AUTHOR WRITE ABOUT THE REGION?

9
FIVE THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY
  • PLACE
  • MOVEMENT
  • AREA, POSITION ON EARTH WITH UNIQUE PHY. AND
    HUMAN DESCRIPTORS
  • SENSE OF PLACE (MEANING, EMOTION, CHARACTER)
  • PERCEPTION OF PLACE
  • (IF YOU COULD MOVE ANY PLACE TO LIVE, WHERE WOULD
    IT BE?)
  • MOBILITY OF PEOPLE, PLACES, IDEAS

10
FIVE THEMES
  • MOVEMENT
  • INTERCONNECTEDNESS
  • SPATIAL INTERACTION DEPENDING ON DISTANCE,
    ACCESSIBILITY, AND CONNECTIVITY
  • UNDERSTANDING INTERACTION IMPORTANT ASPECT OF
    GLOBAL SPATIAL ORDER
  • REMEMBER GLOBALIZATION

11
INTRODUCTION, HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
  • CORE ELEMENTS OF GEO.
  • 1. FIVE THEMES
  • 2. LANDSCAPE
  • THE MATERIAL CHARACTER OF A PLACE INCLUDING
    NATURAL FEATURES, HUMAN STRUCTURES, AND OTHER
    OBJECTS THAT GIVE A PLACE FORM.
  • CULTURAL LANDSCAPE THE IMPRINT OF HUMAN
    ACTIVITY ON LANDSCAPE

12
  • NO PRISTENE PLACE
  • HUMAN ACTIVITY INTERACTING WITH LANDSCAPE
  • YEARS OF ACTIVITY/IMPRINTS ON THE
    LANDSCAPE-SEQUENT OCCUPANCE
  • THE WALK AROUND CAMPUSWHAT IS THAT AND WHY IS
    THAT THERE?!

13
GEOGRAPHY TOOLS
  • MAPS
  • 1.REFERENCE-LOCATION OF PLACES AND GEO. FEATURES
  • ABSOLUTE LOCATION
  • RELATIVE LOCATION
  • 2.THEMATIC-TELL A STORY, SHOW MOVEMENT
  • 3.MENTAL-PLACES IN OUR MINDS
  • ACTIVITY SPACES-ROUTINE TRAVEL DAILY

14
  • 4.STATISTICAL
  • 5.CARTOGRAM
  • 6.DOT
  • 7.CHOROPLETH
  • 8.ISOLINE

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19
GEOGRAPHY TOOLS
  • DISTORTION-THE STRETCHING OF MAPS
  • GIS, GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM
  • GPS, GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM
  • MODELS- SIMPLIFIED ABSTRACTION OF REALITY TO
    EXPLAIN WHY AND TO EXPLAIN PATTERNS, MAKE
    DECISIONS, AND PREDICT BEHAVIORS

20
  • PROJECTIONS- The systematic way in which a curved
    surface is represented on a flat plane (such as a
    page in an atlas) is called a map projection.

21
  • REMOTE SENSING-DISTANCE TECHNOLOGY
  • TIME ZONES

22
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23
SCALE AND CONNECTIVITY
  • SCALE
  • 1. DISTANCE ON MAP COMPARED TO DISTANCE ON EARTH
  • 2. THE TERRITORIAL EXTENT OF SOMETHING
  • GEOGRAPHERS STUDY PATTERNS AND PLACES AT MANY
    SCALES LOCAL, REGIONAL, NATIONAL, GLOBAL

24
  • THE SCALE AT WHICH GEO. PHENOMENA IS STUDIED
    INFORMS OF LEVEL OF DETAIL.
  • DIFFERENT PATTERNS AT DIFFERENT SCALES
  • EX. DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH AT SCALE OF GLOBE,
    NORTH AM, D.C.
  • RESCALING, AKA, JUMPING SCALE
  • EX., ZAPATISTAS IN S. MEXICO, CHIAPAS STATE, NAFTA

25
REGIONS OF GEOGRAPHY
  • DEFINED AREA OF SIMILAR CHARACTERISTICS
  • THE CRITERIA TO DESCRIBE A REGION

26
  • 1.FORMAL (AKA UNIFORM OR HOMOGENEOUS)
  • 2. FUNCTIONAL
  • 3. PERCEPTUAL
  • SOME HOMOGENEITY (SAMENESS) IN CRITERION
    PHENOMENA, CULTURAL OF PHYSICAL
  • EX. FRENCH SPEAKING REGION IN EUROPE
  • ACTIVITIES OR INTERACTIONS TAKE PLACE
  • EX. CITY AND SURROUNDING AREA
  • IN THE MINDS OF PEOPLE INTELLECTUAL CONSTRUCTS
  • EX. MIDDLE EAST

27
CULTURAL REGIONS OF THE WORLD
  • NORTH AMERICA
  • LATIN AMERICA, SOUTH AMERICA
  • EUROPE
  • MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
  • AFRICA SOUTH OF THE SAHARA
  • RUSSIA, CENTRAL ASIA, AND TRANSCAUCASIAN REGION
  • SOUTH ASIA
  • EAST ASIA
  • SOUTHEAST ASIA
  • AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND, AND PACIFIC ISLANDS

28
DENSITY
  • Population density is a measurement of
    population per unit area.
  • Arithmetic density, specifically, is the total
    number of people divided by the total land area.
    (how many people per area of land)
  • Physiological density is the total number of
    people per area of arable land. ( how much land
    is being used by how many people)

29
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30
DISPERSION
  • DISPERSION OR CONCENTRATION
  • HOW PHENOMENA ARE SPREAD OUT OVER SPACE
  • DISPERSED OR SCATTERED
  • CLUSTERED OR AGGLOMERATED
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