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CURRICULUM

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CURRICULUM & MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT BY: NURHAYATI, M.Pd. UHAMKA 2011 The first meeting 1. ... Curriculum as an attempt to achieve certain ends in students - product. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CURRICULUM


1
CURRICULUM MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT
  • BY NURHAYATI, M.Pd.
  • UHAMKA 2011

2
The first meeting
  • 1. What is curriculum?
  • 2. What is syllabus?
  • 3. The difference between curriculum and syllabus

3
What is curriculum?
  • A curriculum is the set of courses, course work,
    and content offered at a school or university.
  • A curriculum is a focus of study, consisting of
    various courses all designed to reach a
    particular proficiency or qualification.
  • A curriculum may also refer to a defined and
    prescribed course of studies, which students must
    fulfill in order to pass a certain level of
    education.

4
  • Curriculum is a very general concept which
    involves consideration of the whole complex of
    philosophical, social and administrative factors
    which contribute to the planning of an
    educational program. (Nunan, 2000 6)

5
Curriculum can be defined, as an educational
program which states
  • The educational purpose of the program (the
    ends)
  • The content teaching procedures and learning
    experience which will be necessary to achieve
    this purpose (the means)
  • Some means for assessing whether or not the
    educational ends have been achieved.
  • ( Richards, Platt and Platt 1993 94)

6
  • Kerr defines curriculum as, 'All the learning
    which is planned and guided by the school,
    whether it is carried on in groups or
    individually, inside or outside the school.
    (quoted in Kelly 1983 10 see also, Kelly 1999)

7
Four ways of approaching curriculum theory and
practice
  • Curriculum as a body of knowledge to be
    transmitted.
  • Curriculum as an attempt to achieve certain ends
    in students - product.
  • Curriculum as process.
  • Curriculum as praxis.

8
The theoretical
The practical
The productive
syllabus
process
product
praxis
9
Model of curriculum design
1. learners present level of competence
2. Course objective
3. Reason for studying English and long term learning aims
A. Language and procedures to be covered by the course (1,2,3)
B. Emphasis on particular skills (1,2,3,4)
4. Resource limitation that affect classroom activity
C. Methodology to be used type and sequencing of activities (4,5,6)
5. Social cultural factors and learning habits of relevance to English teaching
D. Themes for course materials and texts choice of suitable text book
6. Learners age group, present life style and interest
7. Aspect of target culture that will interest learners and can be exploited in materials
10
National curriculum
  • Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 20 Tahun
    2003 tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional.
  • Kurikulum adalah seperangkat rencana dan
    pengaturan mengenai tujuan, isi dan bahan
    pelajaran serta cara yang digunakan sebagai
    pedoman penyelenggaraan kegiatan pembelajaran
    untuk mencapai tujuan pendidikan tertentu.

11
KTSP
  • Standar IsiSI mencakup lingkup materi dan
    tingkat kompetensi untuk mencapai kompetensi
    lulusan pada jenjang dan jenis pendidikan
    tertentu. Termasuk dalam SI adalah kerangka
    dasar dan struktur kurikulum, Standar Kompetensi
    (SK) dan Kompetensi Dasar (KD) setiap mata
    pelajaran pada setiap semester dari setiap jenis
    dan jenjang pendidikan dasar dan menengah. SI
    ditetapkan dengan Kepmendiknas No. 22 Tahun 2006.

12
  • Standar Kompetensi LulusanSKL merupakan
    kualifikasi kemampuan lulusan yang mencakup
    sikap, pengetahuan dan keterampilan sebagaimana
    yang ditetapkan dengan Kepmendiknas No. 23 Tahun
    2006.

13
  • Tujuan Panduan Penyusunan KTSP ini untuk menjadi
    acuan bagi satuan pendidikan SD/MI/SDLB,
    SMP/MTs/SMPLB, SMA/MA/SMALB, dan SMK/MAK dalam
    penyusunan dan pengembangan kurikulum yang akan
    dilaksanakan pada tingkat satuan pendidikan yang
    bersangkutan.

14
What is syllabus?
  • A syllabus is simply an outline and time line of
    a particular course. It will typically give a
    brief overview of the course objectives, course
    expectations, list reading assignments, homework
    deadlines, and exam dates.
  • A syllabus is a document which consist,
    essentially, of list. This list specifies all the
    things that are to be taught in the course. (
    Penny Ur, 1998)

15
The difference between curriculum and syllabus
  • Curriculum
  • Syllabus
  • Curriculum is for a course.
  • Curriculum is the superset.
  • Curriculum is a consideration of the objectives,
    the contents, methods chosen to achieve the
    objective.
  • Syllabus is for a subject.
  • Syllabus is the subset of the curriculum.
  • Syllabus is the concepts to be taught.

16
Assignment
  • make your own syllabus for teaching in an
    English course.

17
Sources
  1. James Dean Brown, The Element of Language
    Curriculum, Heinle Heinle Publishers, 1995
  2. I.S.P. Nation John Macalister, Language
    Curriculum Design, Taylor and Francis, 2010
  3. Jeremy Harmer, The practice of English Language
    Teaching, Pearson Education Limited, 2007
  4. Penny Ur, A Course in Language Teaching,
    Cambridge University Press, 1996
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