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Verb Moods Part Two

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Verb Moods Part Two Moody little ... Verbs come in 5 Moods! Indicative Imperative Interrogative Subjunctive Conditional Review Indicative ... Subjunctive, Conditional ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Verb Moods Part Two


1
Verb Moods Part Two
  • Moody little verbs

2
Standards
  • ELACC8L1 Demonstrate command of the conventions
    of standard English grammar and usage when
    writing or speaking.
  • b. Form and use verbs in the active and passive
    voice.
  • c. Form and use verbs in the indicative,
    imperative, interrogative, conditional, and
    subjunctive mood
  • d. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in
    verb voice and mood.

3
Remember
  • Verbs come in 5 Moods!
  • Indicative
  • Imperative
  • Interrogative
  • Subjunctive
  • Conditional

4
Review
  • Indicative mood is used to express facts/opinions
  • Ex. I want to see a movie this weekend.
  • Imperative mood is used to make requests or give
    commands
  • Ex. Do not talk during the movie!
  • Interrogative mood is used to ask questions
  • Ex. Do you know when the movie starts?

5
Subjunctive Mood
  • The subjunctive is usually found in complex
    sentences.
  • The subjunctive mood is used to express
    unreal/imaginary/hypothetical conditions,
    importance, urgency, wishes, or desire.

6
Subjunctive Rule 1
  • The Subjunctive is generally used with If to
    express a wish, a want, or desire.
  • Examples
  • Oh, if that were only true!
  • If only I had a million dollars!
  • Notice, this is JUST a wish.
  • It is not showing cause and effect.

7
Subjunctive Rule 2
  • The subjunctive is usually used with that when
    expressing importance, wishes, or urgency.
  • Examples
  • It is urgent that you take cover during a
    tornado.
  • I wish that I were in Paris!
  • I suggest that you stop talking.
  • It is important that you study.

8
Subjunctive Rule 3
  • Remember that the word that can be implied (or
    invisible).
  • Our teacher insists we do our homework.
  • This sentence is really the same as
  • Our teacher insists that we do our homework.
  • Examples
  • It is urgent we evacuate during a fire.
  • 2. I suggest you study for the test.

9
Conditional Mood
  • Conditional mood is a form of subjunctive.
  • Conditional expresses under which conditions
    something will happen. It usually uses IF with
    cause and effect.
  • Examples
  • If you were generous, you would donate money to
    charity.
  • If Georgia were tropical, we could grow
    pineapples in our yards!

10
Remember
  • Subjunctive can use if to express wishes
    wants desires
  • Conditional uses if for cause and effect.
  • Subjunctive If only it were summertime!
  • Conditional If it were summertime, we could go
    swimming.

11
Examples Subjunctive or Conditional
  • If I were rich, I would have a lake house.
  • I wish that you would stop talking.
  • If only I could remember my notebook!
  • It is important that you cover your mouth when
    you sneeze.
  • I am going to be unhappy if I do not get to go to
    the movies this weekend.

12
Subjunctive, Conditional, Indicative, Imperative,
Interrogative
  • It is important that puppies get enough exercise.
  • Do you walk your puppy enough?
  • A puppy needs at least 30 minutes of daily
    exercise.
  • If a puppy were not exercised properly, it would
    likely chew up its owners possessions.
  • Remember to walk your puppy each day.

13
Special Rule
  • Dont mix Indicative and Conditional
  • IF does NOT go with WAS
  • IF goes with WERE
  • Yes If I were a butterfly, I would fly.
  • NO If I was a butterfly, I would fly.
  • Was is only for past tense!
  • You may say When I was a butterfly, I flew.

14
Inappropriate Shifts in Mood
  • Remember, the mood must match throughout the
    entire sentence.
  • Example If I was rich, I would buy a ranch far
    away from everybody.
  • This sentence starts out indicative and shifts to
    conditional. It should remain the same
    throughout.

15
Fix it Make each side match
  • Make each side conditional
  • If I were rich, I would buy a ranch far away from
    everybody.
  • Make each side indicative
  • I was finally rich, so I bought a ranch far away
    from everyone.

16
Correct or Incorrect?
  1. If I were you, I would study for the test.
  2. If I was 16, I would be able to drive.
  3. We would need to bring an umbrella if it was
    raining.
  4. My dog will certainly bark if he were to see a
    stranger.
  5. My sister would cry if you was to take away her
    toys.

17
Famous Correct Usage!
  • If I were a boy/ I think I could understand/ how
    it feels to love a girl

18
Famous Incorrect Usage
  • If I was a rich girl/then Id have all the money
    in the world/If I was the richest girl

19
Standards
  • ELACC8L1 Demonstrate command of the conventions
    of standard English grammar and usage when
    writing or speaking.
  • b. Form and use verbs in the active and passive
    voice.
  • c. Form and use verbs in the indicative,
    imperative, interrogative, conditional, and
    subjunctive mood.
  • d. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in
    verb voice and mood.
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