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Title: Victorian%20Age


1
Victorian Age
2
Victorian Era
  • The Victorian era is generally agreed to stretch
    through the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901).
    It was a tremendously exciting period when many
    artistic styles, literary schools, as well as,
    social, political and religious movements
    flourished. It was a time of prosperity, broad
    imperial expansion, and great political reform.
    It was also a time, which today we associate with
    "prudishness" and "repression". Without a doubt,
    it was an extraordinarily complex age, that has
    sometimes been called the Second English
    Renaissance. It is, however, also the beginning
    of Modern Times.
  • http//www.victoriaspast.com/FrontPorch/victoriane
    ra.htm

3
Victorian Women
  • A lady should be quiet in her manners, natural
    and unassuming in her language, careful to wound
    no ones feelings, but giving generously and
    freely from the treasures of her pure mind to her
    friends. Scorning no one openly, she should feel
    gentle pity for the unfortunate, the inferior and
    the ignorant, at the same time carrying herself
    with an innocence and single heartedness which
    disarms ill nature, and wins respect and love
    from all.
  • Etiquette of dress for the proper lady.
  • The full dinner dress for guests admits of great
    splendor. It may be of any thick texture of silk
    or velvet for winter or light rich goods for
    summer, and should be long and sweeping. The fan
    should be perfect in its way, and the gloves
    should be quite fresh. Diamonds are used in
    broaches, pendants, earrings and bracelets. All
    the light neutral tints, and black, dark blue,
    purple, dark green, garnet, brown and fawn are
    suited for dinner wear.
  • http//www.victorianstation.com/lifestylemenu.htm

4
Victorian Men
  • He acts kindly from the impulse of his kind
    heart.
  • He is brave, because, with a conscience void of
    offence, he has nothing to fear.
  • He is never embarrassed, for he respects himself
    and is profoundly conscious of right intentions..
  • He opposes without bitterness and yields without
    admitting defeat.
  • He is never arrogant, never weak.
  • He bears himself with dignity, but never
    haughtily.
  • To superiors he is respectful without servility
    to equals courteous to inferiors kind.
  • He carries himself with grace in all places, is
    easy but never familiar, genteel without
    affection.
  • He unites gentleness of manner with firmness of
    mind.
  • He commands with mild authority, and asks favors
    with grace and assurance.

5
Behavior of a Lady out in public
  • The true lady walks the street, wrapped in a
    mantle of proper reserve, so impenetrable that
    insult and coarse familiarity shrink from her,
    while she, at all times, carries with her a
    congenial atmosphere which attracts all, and
    puts all at their ease
  • A lady walks quietly through the streets, seeing
    and hearing nothing that she ought not to,
    recognizing acquaintances with a courteous bow,
    and friends with words of greeting. She is always
    unobtrusive, never talks loudly, or laughs
    boisterously, or does anything to attract the
    attention of the passers-by. She walks along in
    her own quiet, lady-like way, and by her
    preoccupation is secure from any annoyance. A
    true lady in the street, as in the parlor is
    modest, discreet, kind and obliging.
  • It is proper that the lady should first recognize
    the gentleman. A gentleman will never fail to bow
    in return to a lady but a lady may not feel at
    liberty to return a gentlemans bow, which places
    him in a rather unpleasant position. Therefore, a
    lady should give the first smile or bow. She must
    refrain, at all times, from using the gentlemans
    Christian name.

6
Behavior of a gentleman out in public
  • A real gentleman never swears or talks
    uproariously. He should never fail to raise his
    hat politely to an acquaintance of either sex. If
    he should bump into someone or step upon a ladys
    dress he must "beg their pardon", and at no time
    should he lose his temper nor attract attention
    by excited conversation.
  • It is proper to offer a lady his arm,
    particularly in the evening and it should always
    be the right arm. People passing should observe
    the law of "turn to the right" and in this way
    the lady would not be jostled. It is always
    proper for a gentleman walking alone to give the
    lady or a gentleman with a lady, the inside of
    the walk.

7
Womens Rights
  • Women were denied the right to vote or hold
    political office throughout the period, but
    gradually won significant rights such as custody
    of minor children and the ownership of property
    in marriage.  By the end of Victorias reign,
    women could take degrees at twelve universities. 
    Hundreds of thousands of working-class women
    labored at factory jobs under appalling
    conditions, and many were driven into
    prostitution.  While John Stuart Mill argued that
    the nature of women was an artificial thing,
    most male authors preferred to claim that women
    had a special nature fitting them for domestic
    duties.  
  • http//www.wwnorton.com/college/english/nael/victo
    rian/review/summary.htm5

8
Victorian Courtship
  • http//www.victoriaspast.com/Courtshipdance/courts
    hipdance.html

9
Oscar Wilde
  • Born 1854 in Dublin
  • Received undergraduate education at Trinity
    College in Dublin
  • Was able to attend college because his father was
    a widely known surgeon in Dublin
  • Went on to grad school in Oxford- Magdalen
    College in 1874
  • 1884- married Constance Lloyd and by 1886 had two
    sons
  • 1889 wrote many plays and poetry had written
    Picture of Dorian Gray- most widely acclaimed
    novel
  • 1895- wrote The Importance of Being Earnest it
    was to premiered on Feb 14, 1895

10
  • Wilde had been having an affair with Lord Alfred
    Douglas who he had fallen deeply in love with
    Douglass father, the Marquess of Queensbury was
    against his sons relationship with Wilde
  • Marquess went to Wildes premier with the intent
    of calling him out in front of the audience he
    was banned from the door as Wilde had heard of
    his intent
  • Instead, Marquess went to Wildes club and left a
    note reading Oscar Wilde Posing as Somdomitehe
    spelled it wrong!!!

11
  • Wilde had charges brought against Marquess for
    libel
  • They went to trial where the defense attorney
    gathered houseboys who testified to Wildes acts
    of homosexuality the charges were dropped
    against the Marquess of Queensbury
  • The judge turned around to charge Wilde with
    homosexuality as it was illegal in England at the
    time
  • Up until1828, homosexuality was a crime
    punishable by death after that it was just a
    convictable offense
  • Wildes first trial ended in a hung jury the
    second ended with his conviction
  • He was sentenced to two years in a hard labor
    prison where he walked on a treadmill for six
    hours per day
  • He was released in 1897 moved to France and died
    there in 1900
  • The Importance of Being Earnest closed within 100
    days because of all the negative publicity
    surrounding Wilde at the time

12
The Importance of Being Earnest
  • Wildes plays offered audiences a fresh contrast
    to the somber tones of the Victorian dramas that
    emphasized proper manners and rigid morals. He
    was anything by rigid and went against the norms
    of traditional Victorian society.

13
Things to remember
  • Typically, fashionable society in the 19th
    century placed great importance on family
    background, rank, financial status, manners and
    morals. The Importance of Being Earnest is a
    satirical look at values and concerns of the
    segment of society that Wilde once called the
    beautiful people. The characters are usually
    stereotypes, or simplified examples of different
    traits or qualities.

14
Characters
  • John/Jack Worthing Justice of the Peace
  • Algernon Moncrieff Gwendolyns cousin
  • Rev. Canon Chasuble Friend to Miss Prism
  • Merriman A butler
  • Lane A manservant
  • Lady Bracknell Mother to Gwendolyn aunt to
    Algernon
  • Gwendolen Fairfax Mr. Worthings love interest
  • Cecily Cardew Mr. Moncriefs love interest
    ward to Mr. Worthing
  • Miss Prism A Governess/Tutor to Cecily

15
As you read
  • What message is the author conveying about
  • Aristocracy
  • Love
  • Marriage
  • Men
  • Women
  • Manners
  • Literary Works
  • Also, record who says the following aphorisms in
    each act. It should give you some insight to the
    above ideas.
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