Organization of the Federal Courts - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Organization of the Federal Courts PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 8443d5-MWU4M



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Organization of the Federal Courts

Description:

Organization of the Federal Courts Chapter 11 Section 2 Constitutional Courts Federal court with constitutionally based powers and whose judges serve for life. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:59
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 9
Provided by: sharp238
Learn more at: http://woodhavenhs.sharpschool.net
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Organization of the Federal Courts


1
Organization of the Federal Courts
  • Chapter 11
  • Section 2

2
Constitutional Courts
  • Federal court with constitutionally based powers
    and whose judges serve for life.
  • Created by Judiciary Act of 1789
  • The District Courts
  • Primary Trial Courts in the Federal System
  • Where most federal cases go.
  • Grand Jury a group of people who evaluate
    whether or not there is enough evidence to try a
    person.
  • Petit Jury jury that decides a persons
    innocence or guilt. Trial Jury

3
Constitutional Courts
  • The Courts of Appeals
  • 13 total, hear all appeal cases.
  • Never have original jurisdiction.
  • Decide whether errors occurred in the original
    trial.
  • The Court of International Trade
  • Hears cases related to tariffs and trade.

4
(No Transcript)
5
Legislative Courts
  • Court of Military Appeals
  • United States Claims Court
  • The Courts of District of Columbia
  • The Territorial Courts
  • The Court of Veteran Appeals
  • The United States Tax Court

6
Federal Judges
  • Selection Criteria
  • Experience and Background
  • Almost all have law degrees, but come from a
    variety of backgrounds.
  • Political Ideology / Party Affiliation
  • Conservatives select conservatives, liberals
    select liberals.
  • Race and Gender
  • Thurgood Marshall First African American on
    Supreme Court
  • Sandra Day OConnor First female
  • Senatorial Courtesy
  • The president first asks the Senators from the
    Judges home state to approve of the selection

7
Selection Process
  • Judges have lifetime positions and can only be
    removed by impeachment.
  • 13 have been impeached, 7 convicted.

8
Selection Process
  • Senate Confirmation
  • Senate Judiciary Committee interviews nominee and
    makes a recommendation.
  • If the committee does not recommend, the
    candidate is usually rejected.
  • 28 of the 146 Supreme Court nominees have not
    passed.
  • Selection Gridlock
  • Gridlock when nothing gets done
  • Increases workload of the courts.
About PowerShow.com