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ANDREW JACKSON

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ANDREW JACKSON http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/art/resources/graphic/xlarge/32_00018.jpg * www.archives.gov King Andrew Political Cartoon Study the cartoon. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ANDREW JACKSON


1
ANDREW JACKSON
  • AND THE RISE OF THE COMMON MAN

http//www.senate.gov/artandhistory/art/resources/
graphic/xlarge/32_00018.jpg
2
www.archives.gov
King Andrew Political Cartoon
Study the cartoon. What images are evident at
first glance? What symbolic gestures are drawn
into the cartoon?
3
Jefferson
Washington
Adams
Madison
Monroe
JQ Adams
www.americanpresidents.org
4
Preview Questions
  • How will Andrew Jackson compare to the first six
    U.S. Presidents?
  • How is the nation changing in the late 1820s and
    1830s in terms of politics and sectionalism?
  • What will be the consequences of Jacksons
    getting his way in politics for the nation and
    the role of future presidents?

5
A HARD LIFE FOR A YOUNG BOY
  • Born 1767 in South Carolina, father died before
    birth
  • Older brother died in American Revolution
  • Jackson and brother Robert taken prisoner by
    British during war. Andrew was
  • ordered to clean an officers
  • boots. He refused was
  • struck by his sword.
  • Mother has them released
  • both had smallpox. Robert
  • and mother died shortly after.
  • By age 14, Andrew was an orphan.

https//www.inspire4less.com/
6
Early Career and Marriage
  • Andrew studied to become a lawyer, and bought an
    estate, the Hermitage in Tennessee.
  • He would struggle with debt often.
  • He met Rachel Donelson and they married, but she,
    apparently, was still unknowingly married
  • to her first husband. They
  • re-married in 1794.
  • Later their marriage would be a
  • subject of scandal for the press
  • and politicians.

www.library.thinkquest.org
7
Jacksons Career Begins
  • Elected to U. S. Congress from TN
  • then the Senate, but resigned.
  • In War of 1812, became Major
  • General of TN Militia earned
  • nickname, Old Hickory
  • Defeated Creek Indians at Battle of Horseshoe
    Bend in AL in 1814 Creeks cede 9 mil. acres
  • Became hero after Battle of New Orleans in 1815.
  • Led U.S. troops into Spanish Florida
    (controversial because exceeded authorization)
    and became Territorial Governor of FL in 1821.

www.reformation.org
8
Jackson Video Personality and Legacy 3 minutes
and 38 seconds
History.com Andrew Jackson-Personality and
Legacy http//www.history.com/topics/andrew-jack
son/videosjacksons-personality-and-legacy
www.americaslibrary.gov
9
Alabama became a state in 1819. In 1820, the
eastern portion of the state was dominated
by Creek Indians.
10
U.S. in 1820
www.learnnc.org
11
Jackson and the Presidency
  • Jackson defeated in election of 1824 (Corrupt
    Bargain) to John Quincy Adams
  • Jackson runs in 1828 on a new Democratic ticket
    against Adams and wins. www.neatorama.com

12
Jackson 261 56 Adams 178 44
unitedstatespresidentialelection.blogspot.com
13
Voting Patterns Between 1800 and 1830 Interactive
Map Activity
  • http//www.bedfordstmartins.com/history/modules/mo
    d09/imap.htm

14
The Common Man as President
  • Jacksons popularity led to a crowd of app.
    21,000 at inauguration on March 4, 1829.
  • Many even followed him back to the White House
    where a party ensued.
  • In spite of his popularity,
  • Jackson would remove
  • 900 of 10,000 federal
  • employees as part of
  • the Spoils System. He
  • wanted to curb corruption.
  • www.historyteacher.net

15
The Inauguration Party at the White House
www.whitehousehistory.org
16
Key Leaders In Jackson Administration
  • Vice-President John C. Calhoun Secretary of
    State Martin Van Buren

www.senate.gov
www.americanhistory.about.com
17
Controversial Issues Arise
  • Eaton Affair Jackson appointed John Eaton to
    Sec. of War. Eatons wife Rachel was ostracized
    by other wives and Emily Donelson (Jacksons
    niece) because of scandalous marriage. Jackson
    tried to force Cabinet to associate with her to
    no avail.
  • Van Buren only member to
  • stand with Pres.
  • Kitchen Cabinet Jackson
  • came to rely on an informal
  • group of advisors and
  • Van Buren for advice.


  • www.academicamerican.com

18
www.xroads.virginia.edu
19
Jackson and American Indians
  • Jacksons base of support in 1828 was the South
    he received 8 of 10 votes
  • In 1820s more settlers pouring into southern
    states wanting land
  • Jackson felt American Indians had two choices
  • Become industrious citizens assimilate-as
    individuals
  • Leave and go to area where they could retain
    their customs
  • Approximately 46,000 Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw,
    Choctaw and Seminole were removed during the
    Trail of Tears.

20
www.alabamamoments.alabama.gov
21
Indian Land Cessions, 1814 to 1820
www.player.discoveryeducation.com
22
The Cherokee Nation
  • In 1827, Cherokees in Georgia declared themselves
    a sovereign nation with their own constitution.
  • Georgia declared Cherokee law null and void
  • GA and other southern states wanted authority to
    sell Indian lands to settlers

23
Indian Removal Act of 1830
  • Jackson said he could not protect Indian tribes
    in the Southeast unless they moved west of
    Mississippi R.
  • Indian tribes abandoned 100 million acres of land
    to move to Indian lands (what is now Oklahoma)
  • The Choctaws were the first to move but
    suffered greatly traveling in winter many
    deaths occurred.
  • Indian agents swindled many Creeks for their land
    and offered far below a fair price.

24
Video Clip on Indian Removal Act
image from http//www.pbs.org/indiancountry/histo
ry/trail.html
History.com Jackson Cherokees, Tariffs, and
Nullification http//www.history.com/topics/trail
-of-tears/videosjackson-cherokees-tariffs-and-nul
lification
25
http//www.nacaschool.org/ajackson/IndianRemovalAc
tMap.jpg
26
Alabama in 1831
www.alabamamaps.ua.edu
27
Cherokee Fight for Their Land
  • Cherokees decide to fight through the court
    system
  • Cherokee Nation v. Georgia 1831
  • S.C. ruled they could not sue for land because
    they were not a sovereign nation but dependents
    of the federal government.
  • Worcester v. Georgia 1832
  • S.C. ruled the Cherokee to be an independent
    political community and should be able to live in
    GA
  • President Jackson and Georgia ignored the ruling.
  • In 1835, a group of Cherokee signed the Treaty of
    New Echota 5 mil. for all lands East of Miss.
    River

28
https//eee.uci.edu/clients/tcthorne/Hist15/trtear
s.gif
29
Trail of Tears
  • In 1838, app. 15,000 remaining Cherokee Indians
    were forcibly removed by the army under General
    Winfield Scott to Indian Territory.
  • The journey
  • was
  • treacherous-
  • approx. one in
  • four died
  • along the
  • way.

http//moberly.k12.mo.us/blogs/pashriver/files/200
9/04/trail-of-tears.jpg
30
Consider the Preview Questions Again
  • How will Andrew Jackson compare to the first six
    U.S. Presidents?
  • How is the nation changing in the late 1820s and
    1830s in terms of politics and sectionalism?
  • What will be the consequences of Jacksons
    getting his way in politics for the nation and
    the role of future presidents?
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