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POLITICS%20OF%20THE%201920S

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Title: POLITICS%20OF%20THE%201920S


1
POLITICS OF THE 1920S
  • ISOLATIONISM
  • NEUTRALITY
  • NORMALCY

2
RETURN TO NORMALCY
  • After WWI- America wanted to RETURN TO NORMALCY,
    Warren G. Harding used this as his political
    platform
  • He promised to return the nation to the way it
    was before war consumed the nation

3
RED SCARE
  • Lenin and the Bolsheviks threatened to spread
    communism around the globe
  • Americans did not want to lose their independence
  • Americans were terrified of the spread of
    communism to their country
  • The RED SCARE resulted from this fear.

4
Schenck vs. US
  • Charles Schenek was convicted during WWI under
    the Espionage Act.
  • This act made it illegal to spy or speak against
    the country during wartime.
  • Schenek was sending letters to men letting
    telling them to NOT report for the draft

5
Schenk v. United States Clear and Present Danger
  • The Supreme Court ruled that when the country is
    in Clear and Present Danger the freedoms
    promised in the 1st Amendment can be removed
  • You cannot scream FIRE in a crowded theater.

6
Pure Americanism
  • After the Great War, Americans wanted to return
    to normalcy and remove anything from their
    culture that threatened their way of life
  • That included anything that
    was UN-American

7
What was Un-American?
  • Immigrants Nativism grew quickly in the country
    and the KKK quickly jumped at the attack on
    immigrants
  • Anarchist people that did not believe in any
    form of government were not welcomed
  • Atheists

8
Palmer Raids
  • Attorney general, A. Mitchell Palmer, was allowed
    to arrest approximately 6000 people that were
    suspected not proven just suspected of being
    anarchist
  • Anarchist people who oppose all government

9
SACCO VANZETTI
  • Were accused of robbing a payroll truck and
    murdering the driver
  • Were they guilty?
  • Was the trial fair?

10
  • People argued around the globe that the only
    things that the two men were guilty of were
  • Being Italian
  • Being Anarchist
  • Being Atheist
  • All of the things that were unacceptable in the
    US after WWI

11
FATE of SACCO VANZETTI
Crowd outside courthouse after sentence. Raised
hands signify approval for verdict and death
sentence.
Jury for Saccao and Vanzetti trial, plus three
sheriffs.
12
Communist promises
  • Equality between the rich and the poor
  • Equal representation in governmental decisions
  • Government ownership of land so ALL own the land

13
How does Communism effect Union membership?
  • When workers went on strike after WWI, they were
    labeled as communist when that was not always the
    case
  • Actually, the cost of living was rising faster
    than workers wages and they needed more money to
    pay bills
  • Because of the communist label on unions, Union
    enrollment dropped and so did protection of the
    worker

14
Republican Presidents after WWI
Warren G. Harding
Herbert Hoover
Calvin Coolidge
15
The Republican Presidents believed in supporting
Business
16
  • businesses get back to work and create jobs for
    the Americans
  • The government returned to a policy of Laissez
    Fair
  • Coolidge said, The chief business of American
    people is business

17
Foreign Policy
  • Isolationism was Harding and Coolidges stand
    after WWI and the US Congress supported him
  • The Congress continued to vote NOT to join the
    League of Nations

18
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact
  • In this agreement, 15 nations agreed NOT to use
    the threat of going to war in dealing with one
    another
  • OF COURSE, this was a PACT, (a handshake) and
    there was no way to enforce this pact

19
United States
Fordney McCumber Tariff Raised the tariff on
goods coming into the US Great Britain and France
counted on the sale Of their goods to pay off
their war debt
The Dawes Plan was a 2.5 billion dollar loan to
Germany so that they could pay on their war debt
and war could maybe avoided
Great Britain France
Germany
Germany owed 33 Billion to Great Britain and
France for war damages
20
Hardings Term was plagued with scandal and
corruption!!
  • Harding got America entangled in an economic
    triangle that would cause us problems
  • Harding placed his untrustworthy friends in high
    positions in Washington

21
Teapot Dome Scandal
  • Albert Falls, Sec. of the Interior, secretly sold
    oil rights on public land in Elk Hills,
    California and Teapot Dome, Wyoming
  • Harding died from a heart attack in 1923 probably
    due to stress
  • "I have no trouble with my enemies. I can take
    care of my enemies all right. But my damn
    friends. They're the ones that keep me walking
    the floor nights!"

22
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23
Why does a slow economy start growing?
  • Wages increasing (28 percent from 1914 to 1926)
  • Advertisements encouraged the consumer to spend,
    spend, spend
  • Purchasing on credit- if you cant pay now then
    you can pay later and still have the goods NOW

24
CONSUMER ECONOMY
  • TO HAVE A STRONG ECONOMY THE NATION HAS TO HAVE
  • SPENDING
  • SPENDING
  • SPENDING

Our economy depends of consumer spending!!
25

BUYING ON CREDIT
  • Installment plans encouraged the consumer to buy
  • If they could not pay in full they could make
    partial payments over a period of time until the
    debt was paid
  • Interest was charged of COURSE to the cost of the
    item
  • Buying on installment fueled the growth of the
    economy

26
Advertising Changed
  • Consumers worried more about looks that quality
  • Emphasis went from quality to consumer image

27
Fords automobile A Must Have
  • produced automobile that everyone could afford
  • MODEL T was the answer
  • Ford made assembly line more efficient
  • job is boring, but worker is more efficient
  • The more cars made, the less each vehicle cost
  • The assembly line made the car cheaper

28
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29
  • Increase in number of cars caused increase in gas
    stations, highways, traffic lights, hotels and
    motels, restaurants
  • People no longer confined to their city or state
  • Between 1908 and 1927 Ford built more than 15
    million cars

30
Some groups suffered in this decade despite the
prosperity!
  • The unskilled workers and African Americans
    remained poor and wages were limited
  • The farmers suffered from prices dropping after
    the war
  • The demand for food dropped from Europe and the
    need to supply food to troops was removed
  • Prices dropped drastically after the war
  • Cotton textile workers and steel mill workers
    suffered after the demand for their product was
    reduced

31
  • Although a few groups of society were having
    financial trouble, business was still booming
    when Hoover took office and America expected it
    to continue

32
SIGNS OF DANGER
  • UNEQUAL DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME
  • overproduction
  • Buying on credit
  • Buying on margin
  • Farm prices low

33
1920s stock prices
  • Stock prices continued to rise, despite the
    warning signs
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