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The Endocrine System -Disorders-

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The Endocrine System-Disorders-Hypothalamus Anterior pituitary Posterior pituitary Thyrotropin ACTH Somatotropin LH FSH Prolactin Vasopressin Oxytocin Thyroid Adrenal ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Endocrine System -Disorders-


1
The Endocrine System-Disorders-
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Hypothalamus
Nervous
Releasing hormones
Anterior pituitary
Posterior pituitary
Thyrotropin
Somatotropin
FSH
Vasopressin
Prolactin
LH
Oxytocin
ACTH
Adrenal Cortex
Adrenal Medulla
Thyroid
Pancreas
Ovary
Testis
Estradiol
Insulin, glucagon, somatostatin
Cortisol aldosterone
Testosterone
T3
Epinephrine
Reproductive organs
Muscles liver
Liver, muscles
Mammary glands
Tissues
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ENDOCRINE DISORDERS
  • GIGANTISM
  • Hyperactive pituitary in preadolescence
  • Overgrowth of long bones

Endocrine System. Professor KS Satyapal



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6
ENDOCRINE DISORDERS
  • ACROMEGALY
  • Hyperactive pituitary in adulthood
  • Over development of bones in face, hands, feet

Endocrine System. Professor KS Satyapal



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7
ENDOCRINE DISORDERS
  • Dwarfism
  • Hypoactive pituitary in childhood

Endocrine System. Professor KS Satyapal



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8
ENDOCRINE DISORDERS
  • GOITER
  • Thyroid hyper secretion
  • Enlarged thyroid gland due to iodine
    insufficiency

Endocrine System. Professor KS Satyapal



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9
ENDOCRINE DISORDERS
  • CRETINISM
  • Results from thyroid hormone insufficiency in
    infancy

Endocrine System. Professor KS Satyapal



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ENDOCRINE DISORDERS
  • Graves Disease/Exophthalmos
  • Hyperactive thyroid
  • Bulging eyes

Endocrine System. Professor KS Satyapal



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11
ENDOCRINE DISORDERS
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hypoactive thyroid

Endocrine System. Professor KS Satyapal



22
12
ENDOCRINE DISORDERS
  • CUSHINGS SYNDROME
  • hypersecretion of adrenal cortex
  • Adipose tissue accumulates in cheeks base of
    neck

Endocrine System. Professor KS Satyapal



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ENDOCRINE DISORDERS
  • Diabetes
  • hyposecretion of insulin
  • Untreated hyperglycemia (too much sugar in
    blood)
  • Overtreated hypoglycemia (too little sugar in
    blood)

Endocrine System. Professor KS Satyapal



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