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Historical Thinking Concepts


Title: Historical Thinking Concepts Author: erneweind Last modified by: Ms. Thresher - Erindale SS Created Date: 9/8/2010 7:13:18 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Historical Thinking Concepts

Historical Thinking Concepts
Historical Thinking Concepts...
  • Are essential to development of historical
    literacy. Historical Literacy means to gain an
    understanding of historical events through active
    engagement with historical texts.
  • To be historically literate is to give yourself
    the ability to actively argue historical debates
    in a thoughtful manner.
  • Gives one the ability to detect the differences
    between the uses and abuse of history (Margaret

HS- Historical Significance
  • Significant events include those that resulted in
    great change over long periods of time for large
    numbers of people.
  • Significance depends upon ones perspective and
    purpose. A historical person or event can acquire
    significance if we, the historians, can link it
    to larger trends and stories that reveal
    something important for us today.
  • Both It is significant because it is in the
    history book, and It is significant because I
    am interested in it, are inadequate explanations
    of historical significance.

  • Example
  • The experiences of a soldier on the front lines
    written in a diary.
  • The experiences of the soldier help others better
    understand war and how individuals coped with the
    trauma of the situation. This also lead to
    variations in training and how war would be
    fought in the future.

CC- Identifying continuity and change
  • Students often misunderstand history because they
    see it as a list of events. The fact is that
    there were lots of things going on at any one
    time in the past.
  • Key to CC Look for change when common sense
    suggests that there has been none and look for
    continuities where it is assumed things have

CC Example
  • When aboriginal children were forced to attend
    the Residential Schools. All the while a slow
    but fundamental change was occurring that would
    effect the lives of the First Nations for
    generations to come.

C-C- Cause and Consequence
  • When analyzing history we often put too much
    focus on the event itself. When we start to ask
    questions like how? and why? we have started
    our search for the causes. Simply put, it is
    important to determine the actions, beliefs, and
    circumstances that lead to the consequence.
  • Causes are multiple and layered and can involve
    many elements.

C-C example
  • Event Stock Market Crash of 1929
  • Causes
  • Easy credit
  • Disconnect between the market and the actual
  • False sense of security in people
  • Lack of rules and regulations
  • Irresponsible bank practices

HP- Historical PerspectiveThe Past is a Foreign
  • Past actions should be judged according to the
    standards of time. You must put yourself in the
    shoes of the person from the past in order to
    understand why they did what they did.
  • Taking historical perspective means understanding
    the social, cultural, intellectual, and emotional
    settings that shaped peoples lives and actions
    in the past.

HP example
  • Canadas reaction to the outbreak of WWI (1914)
  • Canadas reaction to the Afghanistan conflict
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