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Expanding the Political Spectrum

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Title: Expanding the Political Spectrum Author: Kellye Self Last modified by: SCCPS Created Date: 1/21/2008 9:35:17 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Expanding the Political Spectrum


1
A lesson on ideology PowerPoint created by Kellye
Self YLI teacher
2
  • Public opinion complex collection of opinions
    held by many different people. It is kind of like
    the sum of the parts (the parts are the peoples
    opinions, and the sum is the public opinion)
  • official textbook definition attitudes held by
    a significant number of people on matters of
    government and politics.
  • Political Ideology a set of ideas that shape a
    persons goals and worldview
  • Political Spectrum the range of political
    ideology

3
  • Liberals are on the left side of the political
    spectrum and tend to favor progress and
    reform/change.
  • Conservatives are on the right side of the
    political spectrum and tend to favor tradition
    and limiting change.
  • Moderates are in the middle and tend to have
    views that are between these two positions,
    perhaps with some views on one end of the
    spectrum and other views on the other end of the
    spectrum, dependent on the issue.

4
Look at the questions from the political ideology
survey to create a T chart that compares the two
different ideologies
  • This comparison will help you construct a
    thorough definition of liberal and conservative

5
  • There are limitations to the one-line spectrum
    when determining political ideology for an
    individual.
  • In reality, there are two spectrums
  • Social/Political Spectrum
  • Economic Spectrum
  • Because there are really two spectrums, many
    ideology surveys label a significant portion of
    those who take the test as moderate because they
    are measuring standards from both spectrums, yet
    trying to place it on one spectrum.

6
LIBERAL
CONSERVATIVE
The Economic Spectrum
Economic conservatives favor limited government
involvement in economic policymaking
and regulation of business. Examples
Economic liberals favor broad government
involvement in economic policymaking
and regulation of business. Examples
CONSERVATIVE
LIBERAL
Social/Political Spectrum
Social and political liberals favor limited
government regulation of individual
behavior. Examples
Social and political conservatives favor broad
government regulation of individual
behavior. Examples
7
  • Social and political liberals favor limited
    government regulation of individual behavior.
  • Examples
  • Favor protection of offensive language.
  • Oppose censorship of film, music, etc.
  • Pro-choice abortion stance.
  • Oppose government sponsored religious activity.
  • Favor protection of homosexual rights.
  • Favor affirmative action programs.
  • Social and political conservatives favor broad
    government regulation of individual behavior
  • Examples
  • Oppose protection of offensive language.
  • Favor regulation of film, music, etc.
  • Pro-life abortion stance.
  • Favor government-facilitated religious activity,
    particularly in school.
  • Oppose protection of homosexual rights.
  • Oppose affirmative action programs.

Extreme Anarchy
Extreme Fascism, Theocracy
8
  • Economic liberals favor broad government
    involvement in economic policymaking and
    regulation of business.
  • Favor higher taxes, particularly progressive
    (based on income level).
  • Programs assisting the poor such as Medicaid and
    Head Start.
  • Redistribution of income (welfare social
    security).
  • Anti-trust legislation.
  • Sympathize with labor in Labor-Management issues.
  • Economic conservatives favor limited government
    involvement in economic policymaking and
    regulation of business.
  • Favor lower taxes, particularly regressive (flat
    tax, sales taxes).
  • Fewer programs with the goal of redistributing
    income (private charitable assistance invest own
    money for retirement).
  • Oppose government regulation of market choices.
  • Sympathize with business in Labor-Management
    issues.

Extreme Socialism, Communism
Extreme Laissez-Faire, Monopoly
9
  • If you are like many Americans, you may tend to
    be more conservative on some issues and more
    liberal on others.
  • The limitation of one spectrum is that this
    circumstance will generally place you in the
    middle, which is not necessarily an accurate
    reflection of your ideology.
  • Remember, all of this discussion takes place with
    a base understanding and consensus on the social
    contract and modern liberal political thought.
  • People on every point on the spectrum generally
    want what is best for the countrythey just
    differ on how to achieve it.

10
Govt. Control
Conservative
Totalitarian
Libertarian
Liberal
Govt. Control
Economic Issues
Freedom
11
  • Liberal
  • Support for greater government control/regulation
    in economic matters and less government
    control/regulation of individual matters.
  • Libertarian
  • Support for minimal government control of both
    economic and social issues
  • Conservative
  • Support for less government control/regulation in
    economic matters and greater government
    control/regulation of individual matters.
  • Totalitarian
  • Support for complete government control of
    economic and social issues

12
  • Favor loose construction a broad interpretation
  • Constitutional interpretation may change as
    modern society evolves
  • What are our standards today?
  • Favor strict construction a narrow
    interpretation
  • Constitutional interpretation should remain
    constant through the years
  • What did the founders mean?

Liberal
Conservative
13
  • Favor tradition over change
  • Favor change over status quo

Liberal
Conservative
  • Rights of the Individual are more important
  • Rights of the community are more important

14
Voter A I worked my way up from poverty to
become the successful business owner I am today.
I get frustrated when I think that my tax money
goes to support people who wont help themselves.
I think part of the blame belongs with the media
they promote all the wrong values.
Voter B I really dont care what other people
do in their free time, as long as they dont
bother me. I sure dont like it when the
government tells me what to do with my money or
in my own home Im certainly not going to turn
around and do the same thing to my neighbors.
Ideology?
Ideology?
15
Voter C I really worry about the state of the
world today. It seems like more and more kids
are growing up in poverty and theres no one
there to help them. I think we need to do more
toward providing healthcare and education
programs for our young people.
Voter D These days, you cant be too careful.
I think we need to spend a lot more money on the
national defense. I wish there was a police
officer on every corner! The police could search
my car all they want, since I dont break the
law. I also think the government should crack
down on the media their reporting gives our
enemies an inside look at all our military
preparations.
Ideology?
Ideology?
16
Govt. Control
Conservative
Totalitarian
Most people will fit somewhere within the
parameters of this circle.
Libertarian
Liberal
Govt. Control
Economic Issues
Freedom
17
  • In response to many requests, not only from
    Americans, The Political Compass has charted the
    most prominent names in the 2008 US Primaries.
    They have been evaluated through scrutiny of
    public statements, manifestos, interviews and,
    crucially, voting records. Our apologies for
    those not included.
  • It is important to recognise that The Political
    Compass is a continuum rather than consisting of
    hard and fast quadrants. For example, Ron Paul on
    the social scale is actually closer to Dennis
    Kucinich than to many figures within his own
    party. But on the economic scale, they are, of
    course, far apart.
  • When examining the chart it is important to note
    that although most of the candidates seem quite
    different, in substance they occupy a relatively
    restricted area within the universal political
    spectrum. Democracies with a system of
    proportional representation give expression to a
    wider range of political views. While Dennis
    Kucinich and Mike Gravel are depicted on the
    extreme left in an American context, they would
    simply be mainstream social democrats within the
    wider political landscape of Europe. Similarly,
    Hillary Clinton is popularly perceived as a
    leftist in the United States while in any other
    western democracy her record is that of a
    moderate conservative.
  • Source www.politicalcompass.org

18
Source www.politicalcompass.org
19
  • Complete the survey at www.idealog.org and be
    prepared to discuss it in class. Be sure to use
    your email address as your login so I can
    identify whether you have completed the
    homework.Your unique class login is
  • Teachers will need to register at the site and
    will be sent a login that will pool their
    students together for comparison on the political
    spectrum.

20
  • Information, charts, etc. included in lesson come
    from the YLI lesson Expanding the Political
    Spectrum
  • Charting the 2008 primary candidates comes from
    www.politicalcompass.org
  • Political survey follow-up is available at
    www.idealog.org
  • Created January, 2008
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