Greek Art and Architecture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: Greek Art and Architecture


1
Greek Art and Architecture

2
Architecture of Ancient Greece
Greek life was dominated by religion and so it is
not surprising that the temples of ancient Greece
built to honor their gods were the biggest and
most beautiful. They also had a political purpose
as they were often built to celebrate civic power
and pride, or to offer thanksgiving to the patron
deity of a city for success in war.
3
Greek Orders
The Greeks developed three architectural systems,
called orders, each with their own distinctive
proportions and detailing. The Greek orders are
Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
                    The Doric style is rather sturdy and its top (the capital), is plain. This style was used in mainland Greece and the colonies in southern Italy and Sicily.                                                          The Ionic style is thinner and more elegant. Its capital is decorated with a scroll-like design (a volute). This style was found in eastern Greece and the islands.                                                             The Corinthian style is seldom used in the Greek world, but often seen on Roman temples. Its capital is very elaborate and decorated with acanthus leaves.
4

Greek Orders
5
The Acropolis
  • Acropolis is a Greek word meaning 'high city'.
  • The Athenian Acropolis rises from the plain of
    Attica to 500 feet above sea level.
  • In times of attack the Acropolis became the last
    fort of defense.
  • The Acropolis hill, so called the "Sacred Rock"
    of Athens, is the most important
  • site of the city.
  • The Acropolis contains some of the world's most
    famous structures built in the
  • classical architectural style.

6
The Parthenon
Built as a temple of Athena Parthenos ("Virgin")
in the Doric Style, the Greek goddess of wisdom
on the Acropolis in Athens. The Parthenon was
built in the 5th century BC, and despite the
enormous damage it has sustained over the
centuries, it still communicates the ideals of
order and harmony for which Greek architecture is
known.
How does the Lincoln Memorial compare to the
Parthenon?
7
Greek Amphitheatre
Greek tragedies and comedies were always
performed in outdoor theaters. Early Greek
theaters were probably little more than open
areas in city centers or next to hillsides where
the audience, standing or sitting, could watch
and listen to the chorus singing about the
exploits of a god or hero. From the late 6th
century BC to the 4th and 3rd centuries BC there
was a gradual evolution towards more elaborate
theater structures, but the basic layout of the
Greek theater remained the same.
How does the Jones Beach Theater compare to the
Greek Amphitheater?
8
Greek Pottery
Beginning in Corinth, and then spreading to
Athens, it also led to including more than one
animal or plant and eventually made way for human
figures. Some of these figures included scenes of
warfare. Soon after, potters and painters began
to put mythological narration on the pottery,
including scenes from the Iliad and other famous
legends or myths. These narratives began as
mainly violent in nature, but as they progressed
they became calmer and involved other scenarios
besides warfare. 
How do we tell our stories about myths, legends,
and historical events?
9
Sculpture of Ancient Greece
Greeks portrayed the gods in very similar fashion
as they did the regular humans.  There were no
distinctions of size or body make up in their
sculpture which would suggest that the gods were
greater or more powerful then the humans.  This
is also similar in Greek stories, where the gods
are shown to have very human characteristics,
both good and bad.   
How does this cartoon reflect the influence of
the Greeks on our culture?
Nike, Greek Goddess of Victory
The Greeks were blessed with a large supply of
marble, which was what they used most in their
sculptures.  Bronze was also used in their
artistic work of humans.  There are three main
periods of Greek Sculpture Archaic, Classical
and Hellenistic.  
10
Sculpture of Ancient Greece
The Archaic period was the earliest period in
Greek Sculpture which started around 600 B.C. and
lasted until 480 B.C.   These works have a stiff
and ridged appearance similar to that of the
Egyptian sculpture.     The second period, the
Classical period, was between the Archaic and
Hellenistic times.  The Classical period shows a
very large shift from the stiff Archaic to a more
realistic and sometimes idealistic portrayal of
the human figure.  Females, after the 5th 
century B.C., were depicted nude, often with
flowing robes.  The robes gave the sculpture the
idea of movement and realism in an effort by the
artist to show humans more naturally and
realistically.   The third period, the
Hellenistic period, started a little before 300
B.C.  To the average person, it is more difficult
to see the distinctions between the Classical and
Hellenistic period.  Both periods did the
majority of their sculpture as nudes.  The Greeks
portrayed a young, vigorous, and athletic person
in their works.   These works idealized the
individual and in a way, attempted to capture the
idea of youth and strength in their design.  The
works reflect the commonly held views of youth,
strength, courage, and beauty which were
encouraged in the Greek City states.
11
Art of Ancient Greece
Discobolosc. 450 BCRoman marble copy after the
bronze original by Myronheight 155 cm (61
in)Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome
Compare the statue of Discobolos with the statue
of Michael Jordan. How does each civilization
portray its athletes? Why?
12
Art of Ancient Greece
Venus de MiloParian marble, h 2.02 m (6 1/2
ft)Found at Milo130-120 BCMusee du Louvre,
Paris
Compare the statue of Venus de Milo with the
magazine covers. How has the Greek portrayal of
women influenced our cultures view of women?
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Greek Art and Architecture

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Title: Greek Art and Architecture


1
Greek Art and Architecture

2
Architecture of Ancient Greece
Greek life was dominated by religion and so it is
not surprising that the temples of ancient Greece
built to honor their gods were the biggest and
most beautiful. They also had a political purpose
as they were often built to celebrate civic power
and pride, or to offer thanksgiving to the patron
deity of a city for success in war.
3
Greek Orders
The Greeks developed three architectural systems,
called orders, each with their own distinctive
proportions and detailing. The Greek orders are
Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
                    The Doric style is rather sturdy and its top (the capital), is plain. This style was used in mainland Greece and the colonies in southern Italy and Sicily.                                                          The Ionic style is thinner and more elegant. Its capital is decorated with a scroll-like design (a volute). This style was found in eastern Greece and the islands.                                                             The Corinthian style is seldom used in the Greek world, but often seen on Roman temples. Its capital is very elaborate and decorated with acanthus leaves.
4

Greek Orders
5
The Acropolis
  • Acropolis is a Greek word meaning 'high city'.
  • The Athenian Acropolis rises from the plain of
    Attica to 500 feet above sea level.
  • In times of attack the Acropolis became the last
    fort of defense.
  • The Acropolis hill, so called the "Sacred Rock"
    of Athens, is the most important
  • site of the city.
  • The Acropolis contains some of the world's most
    famous structures built in the
  • classical architectural style.

6
The Parthenon
Built as a temple of Athena Parthenos ("Virgin")
in the Doric Style, the Greek goddess of wisdom
on the Acropolis in Athens. The Parthenon was
built in the 5th century BC, and despite the
enormous damage it has sustained over the
centuries, it still communicates the ideals of
order and harmony for which Greek architecture is
known.
How does the Lincoln Memorial compare to the
Parthenon?
7
Greek Amphitheatre
Greek tragedies and comedies were always
performed in outdoor theaters. Early Greek
theaters were probably little more than open
areas in city centers or next to hillsides where
the audience, standing or sitting, could watch
and listen to the chorus singing about the
exploits of a god or hero. From the late 6th
century BC to the 4th and 3rd centuries BC there
was a gradual evolution towards more elaborate
theater structures, but the basic layout of the
Greek theater remained the same.
How does the Jones Beach Theater compare to the
Greek Amphitheater?
8
Greek Pottery
Beginning in Corinth, and then spreading to
Athens, it also led to including more than one
animal or plant and eventually made way for human
figures. Some of these figures included scenes of
warfare. Soon after, potters and painters began
to put mythological narration on the pottery,
including scenes from the Iliad and other famous
legends or myths. These narratives began as
mainly violent in nature, but as they progressed
they became calmer and involved other scenarios
besides warfare. 
How do we tell our stories about myths, legends,
and historical events?
9
Sculpture of Ancient Greece
Greeks portrayed the gods in very similar fashion
as they did the regular humans.  There were no
distinctions of size or body make up in their
sculpture which would suggest that the gods were
greater or more powerful then the humans.  This
is also similar in Greek stories, where the gods
are shown to have very human characteristics,
both good and bad.   
How does this cartoon reflect the influence of
the Greeks on our culture?
Nike, Greek Goddess of Victory
The Greeks were blessed with a large supply of
marble, which was what they used most in their
sculptures.  Bronze was also used in their
artistic work of humans.  There are three main
periods of Greek Sculpture Archaic, Classical
and Hellenistic.  
10
Sculpture of Ancient Greece
The Archaic period was the earliest period in
Greek Sculpture which started around 600 B.C. and
lasted until 480 B.C.   These works have a stiff
and ridged appearance similar to that of the
Egyptian sculpture.     The second period, the
Classical period, was between the Archaic and
Hellenistic times.  The Classical period shows a
very large shift from the stiff Archaic to a more
realistic and sometimes idealistic portrayal of
the human figure.  Females, after the 5th 
century B.C., were depicted nude, often with
flowing robes.  The robes gave the sculpture the
idea of movement and realism in an effort by the
artist to show humans more naturally and
realistically.   The third period, the
Hellenistic period, started a little before 300
B.C.  To the average person, it is more difficult
to see the distinctions between the Classical and
Hellenistic period.  Both periods did the
majority of their sculpture as nudes.  The Greeks
portrayed a young, vigorous, and athletic person
in their works.   These works idealized the
individual and in a way, attempted to capture the
idea of youth and strength in their design.  The
works reflect the commonly held views of youth,
strength, courage, and beauty which were
encouraged in the Greek City states.
11
Art of Ancient Greece
Discobolosc. 450 BCRoman marble copy after the
bronze original by Myronheight 155 cm (61
in)Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome
Compare the statue of Discobolos with the statue
of Michael Jordan. How does each civilization
portray its athletes? Why?
12
Art of Ancient Greece
Venus de MiloParian marble, h 2.02 m (6 1/2
ft)Found at Milo130-120 BCMusee du Louvre,
Paris
Compare the statue of Venus de Milo with the
magazine covers. How has the Greek portrayal of
women influenced our cultures view of women?
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