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E-CAB

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Title: E-CAB


1
Programma di finanziamento di RS della Comunità
Europea in campo aeronautico Marco Brusati Unità
Aeronautica Direzione Trasporti Direzione
Generale Ricerca Commissione Europea
2
European Aeronautics A Vision for 2020 The
Goals for 2020
  • 80 cut in NOx emissions
  • Halving perceived aircraft noise
  • Five-fold reduction in accidents
  • Air traffic system capable of handling 16 million
    flights a year
  • 50 cut in CO2 emissions per pass-Km
  • 99 of all flights within 15 minutes of timetable

3
2000 European Aeronautics A Vision for 2020
2002 Strategic Research Agenda Six Challenges
for Aeronautics
2005 2nd Issue of the Strategic Research
Agenda Six High Level Target Concepts
Global leadership
Society's needs
4
2nd Strategic Research Agenda www.acare4europe.org
  • High Level Target Concepts (HLTC)
  • Highly customer oriented air transport system
  • Highly time efficient air transport system
  • Highly cost efficient air transport system
  • Ultra green air transport system
  • Ultra secure air transport system
  • Towards the future

5
Workprogramme Preparation Consultation with
Stakeholders
  • External consultation has involved as well all
    relevant stakeholders, including
  • Manufacturing Industry (IMG4, etc)
  • Aeronautical Research Centres (EREA, etc)
  • Universities (EASN)
  • EUROCONTROL
  • European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)
  • Programme Committee Transport
  • Internal consultation has involved, in addition
    to DG RTD and DG TREN
  • DG Environment
  • DG Enterprise (Space and Security)

6
RTD Funding for Specific Aeronautics Research on
EU Level in million Euro

) Budget 2007 - 2013 Aeronautics Air
Transport (Collaborative Research JTI) and
SESAR (350 mio )
7
7th Framework Programme
  • Four Specific Programmes
  • Corresponding to four major objectives of
    European research policy
  • Cooperation (32413 million Euro)
  • Support will be given to the whole range of
    research activities carried out in trans-national
    cooperation
  • Ideas (7510 millon Euro)
  • An autonomous European Research Council will be
    created to support investigator-driven frontier
    research.
  • People (4750 million Euro)
  • The activities support training and career
    development of researchers, referred to as Marie
    Curie actions,
  • Capacities (4097 million Euro)
  • Key aspects of European research and innovation
    capacities will be supported research
    infrastructures research for the benefit of
    SMEs regional research driven clusters.

8
7th Framework Programme
  • Cooperation
  • Support will be provided to trans-national
    co-operation at every scale across the European
    Union and beyond, in a number of thematic areas
    corresponding to major fields of the progress of
    knowledge and technology, where research must be
    supported and strengthened to address European
    social, economic, environmental and industrial
    challenges
  • The ten themes determined for EU action
  • Health
  • Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology
  • Information and Communication Technologies
  • Nano-sciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and
  • new Production Technologies
  • Energy
  • Environment (including Climate Change)
  • Transport (including Aeronautics)
  • Socio-economic Sciences and the Humanities
  • Security
  • Space

9
7th Research Framework Programme Budget
Breakdown
Budget 2007 - 2013 50.521 million Euro (
nuclear JRC and EURATOM)
10
7th Framework Programme Transport (including
Aeronautics) (2007 2013)
  • Objectives
  • To develop integrated, greener and smarter
    pan-European transport systems for the benefit of
    the citizen and society
  • To secure and further develop the leading role
    attained by the European industries in the global
    market
  • Activities
  • Aeronautics and Air Transport
  • Surface Transport
  • (rail, road and waterborne)
  • Support to the European Global Satellite
    Navigation System (Galileo)

11
7th Framework Programme Aeronautics Air
Transport (2007 2013)
  • Activities
  • The greening of air transport
  • Increasing time efficiency
  • Ensuring customer satisfaction and safety
  • Improving cost efficiency
  • Protection of the aircraft and passengers
  • Pioneering the air transport of the future

12
Aeronautics and Air Transport Workprogramme
Approach
Level 1 (EUfunding max. up to 8 million
) Upstream research and technology development
activities from basic research to validation at
component or subsystem level through analytical
and/or experimental means in the appropriate
environment CP, CSA Level 2 (EUfunding min.
8 million up to max. 60 million ) Downstream
research and technology development activities up
to higher technology readiness, centred on the
multidisciplinary integration and validation of
technologies and operations at a system level in
the appropriate environment (large scale flight
and/or ground test beds and/or simulators)
CP Level 3 Research and technology development
activities up to the highest technology
readiness, focusing on the combination of systems
and the final proof of the comprised technologies
in fully integrated system of systems in the
appropriate operational environment JTI,
JU Structuring Aeronautics Research Activities
aiming at strengthening excellence in particular
research fields through lasting networking-
NoE Supporting Programme Implementation
Activities aiming at setting mechanisms or
developing strategies for programme
implementation CSA (and CP)
13
Research / Technology and Product Development in
Aeronautics
Fundamental knowledge
Technology development
Technology validation
Demonstrators
Prototypes
Product definition
Product design and development
EU Framework Programme
Product demonstration
Level 1
Collaborative Research
Level 2
Joint Technology Initiative
Novel F.P.7 Concept
EUREKA
years
0
5
14
Aeronautics and Air Transport Research Themes (1)
  • The Greening of Air Transport
  • Embraces both the global issue of climate change
    (CO2, Nox, Soot, water vapour, particulates) as
    well as the local issues of noise and air quality
  • Green Aircraft
  • Flight Physics
  • Aerostructures
  • Propulsion
  • Systems and Equipment
  • Avionics
  • Ecological Production and Maintenance
  • Production
  • Maintenance and Disposal
  • Green Air Transport Operations
  • Flight and Air Traffic Management
  • Airports

15
Aeronautics and Air Transport Research Themes (2)
  • Increasing Time Efficiency
  • Aims at significant reduction of journey time
    through maintaining flight time within schedule
    and minimising the time that passengers have to
    spend in airports in the travel-related process.
  • Aircraft Systems and Equipment for Improved
    Aircraft Throughput
  • Systems and Equipment
  • Avionics
  • Maintenance and Repair
  • Time Efficient Air transport Operations
  • Air Traffic Management
  • Airports

16
Aeronautics and Air Transport Research Themes (3)
  • Ensuring Customer Satisfaction and Safety
  • Aims at a quantum leap in passengers choice and
    schedule flexibility as well as at a significant
    reduction in accident rate in respond to the
    forecasted growth in air travel demand.
  • Friendly Cabin
  • Design Systems and Tools
  • Noise and Vibration
  • Systems and Equipment
  • Passenger Friendly Air Transport Operations
  • Maintenance and Repair
  • Airports
  • Aircraft Safety
  • Aero-structures
  • Systems and equipment
  • Human factors
  • Operational safety
  • Design Systems and Tools
  • Maintenance
  • Air Traffic Management
  • Airports

17
Aeronautics and Air Transport Research Themes (4)
  • Improving Cost Efficiency
  • Embraces all the cost that arise in the whole air
    system design and operation
  • Aircraft Development Costs
  • Flight Physics
  • Aerostructures
  • Propulsion
  • Systems and Equipment
  • Avionics
  • Production
  • Aircraft Operational Costs
  • Flight Physics
  • Aerostructures
  • Propulsion
  • Systems
  • Avionics
  • Maintenance
  • Air Transport System Operational Costs
  • Design Systems and Tools

18
Aeronautics and Air Transport Research Themes (5)
  • Protection of Aircraft and Passengers
  • Aims to making impossible that an attacking
    force of any kind succeeds in creating injury,
    loss, damage or disruption either on the
    travellers or on citizens.
  • Aircraft Security
  • Aerostructures
  • Systems and Equipment
  • Avionics
  • Operational Security
  • Air Traffic Management
  • Airports
  • Human Factors

19
Aeronautics and Air Transport Research Themes (6)
  • Pioneering the Air Transport of the Future
  • Stretches the Vision 2020 horizon to explore and
    pioneer the more radical, revolutionary,
    environmentally efficient and innovative
    technologies that might configure the step
    changes required in the air transport of the
    second half of this century.
  • Breakthrough and Emerging Technologies
  • Lift
  • Propulsion
  • Interior Space
  • Life-cycle
  • Step Changes in Air Transport Operation
  • Novel Air Transport Vehicles
  • Guidance and Control
  • Airports

20
Candidate Joint Technology Initiatives
Global Monitoring for Environment and Security
Hydrogen and Fuel Cells for a Sustainable
Energy Future
Aeronautics and Air Transport
Towards new Nanoelectronics Approaches
Innovative Medicines for the Citizens of Europe
Embedded systems
Other possible themes to be identified later
21
Clean Sky Goals and Organisation Marco
Brusati European Commission DG-RTD
22
Clean Sky 
  • Objectives
  • to provide a step forward in the technology
    capability of ATS environmentally friendly
    systems
  • integration of advanced technologies
  • full scale demonstrators
  • to improve on the overall ATS impact on
    environment
  • noise and emission reduction
  • fuel consumption
  • to consolidate the European industry around a
    project of common European interest

23
JTI  Clean Sky  Targets
Note Targets shown represent the incremental
impact of JTI
24
Environmental Impact
Emissions reduction expected from existing
technology programmes (FP-only option)
(assuming an expected traffic growth of 4.25 )
No action
  • Additional CO2 reduction attributable to the JTI

Multiple of 2005 Co2 emissions
Gap to ACARE target of 50 emissions reduction
from a year 2000 base aircraft
25
Operational and Technical Measures ATM
Infrastructure Modernisation
  • Meeting the Environmental Challenge
  • ECAC-EU Conference
  • Geneva, 28-29 October 2008
  • Guido Kerkhofs
  • Director ATM Programmes

European Organisation for the Safety of Air
Navigation
26
Societys Demand for Mobility 24 Hours of
European Traffic
27
Societys Demand for Mobility EU 27 States
2004-2006 Aviation CO2
28
ATM Part of the Solution Environmental Impact
of ATM Changes
Summer 2008 127 route changes 10,000 NM savings
daily 22,000 tonnes fuel p.a. 73,000 tonnes CO2
p.a.
29
IATA/EUROCONTROL/CANSO Flight Efficiency Plan
Annual Benefits
Action 1 - Route improvements
24,000 tonnes

180,000 tonnes
120,000 tonnes
Action 2 - Exploiting airspace changes
145,000 tonnes
469,000 tonnes
Action 3 Continuous Descent Approaches
80,000 tonnes
600,000 tonnes
400,000 tonnes
Action 4 - Reduced taxi times
475,000 tonnes
1,555,000 tonnes
FLIGHT EFFICENCY PLAN
20 million
150 million
100 million
120 million
390 million Euro
30
Traffic Growth EUROCONTROL Long-term Forecast
31
Conclusions
  • Fuel efficiency Environment now recognised as
    main drivers for ATM
  • Fuel burn emissions reductions already
    achieved there are more to come
  • Decoupling environmental impact from projected
    traffic growth presents a major global challenge
  • SESAR, Europes future ATM system, must deliver
    on efficiency improvements
  • Collaborative stakeholder action is key to success

32
SESAR Organisation
SESAR Consortium
  • The three phases of SESAR
  • Definition Phase (2005 - 2007),
  • delivering the European ATM Master Plan
  • Development Phase (2007 - 2013)
  • to develop the new systems
  • Implementation Phase (2014 - )
  • deploy the new technologies
  • ) SESAR Single European Sky ATM Research

ATM Masterplan
Joint Undertaking
Implementation
33
Integrated Technology Demonstrators (ITD)
SMART Wing Aircraft
Regional Air Transport
Green Engines
Technology Evaluator
ATS Model
Green Rotorcraft
Systems for Green Operation
Eco-Design
Linked to SESAR Joint Undertaking
34
JTI Time line
  • Proposal adopted by Commission, 13 June 2007
  • Opinion from Parliament 23 November
  • Adoption by Council 20 December 2007
  • JU legally came into existence after publication
    in Official Journal on 4 February 2008
  • JTI TAKE OFF Forum, 5 Feb 2008, Brussels
  • Becomes fully operational upon establishment of
    all internal procedures and appointment of
    Executive Director ? Timing TBC, definition of
    legal aspects by Commission currently ongoing.
  • First calls for Proposal to be launched early 09
    (TBC)
  • Will be publicised via Clean Sky website, CORDIS
    (communication strategy)
  • National dissemination via NS Representative
    Group

35
Clean Sky Composition
  • A Public-Private Partnership involving the
    Community represented by the Commission and the
    Aeronautical Stakeholders.
  • A strong central team of ITD Leaders ensuring
    that the envisaged goals are reached at the end
    of the JTI.
  • To broaden participation, Associates contribute
    for the full duration and co-drive strategic
    decisions.
  • Associates have been identified (1st round),
    co-define technical work programme for JTI and
    commit themselves for a 7-year contribution in
    kind.
  • Additional Calls for Associates possible (one
    closed 16/6/08)
  • Further, more specific tasks will be allocated to
    Partners via Calls for Proposals.

36
JU Membership and Participation
  • Joint Undertaking Members 7-year commitment,
    contribution to JU resources
  • European Commission
  • ITD Leaders
  • Associates
  • Participants in Clean Sky Limited participation
    in duration and scope
  • Partners via Calls for proposals
  • Subcontractors via Calls for Tender

Minimum 25 of JTI activities
37
ITD Leaders
  • SMART Fixed Wing
  • Airbus (F, D, UK, E) SAAB (SE)
  • Green Regional Aircraft
  • Alenia Aeronautica (I) EADS CASA (ES)
  • Green Rotorcraft
  • AgustaWestland (I, UK) Eurocopter (F, D)
  • Green Engines
  • Rolls-Royce (UK), Safran (F)
  • Systems for Green Operation
  • Thales (F) Liebherr (D)
  • Ecodesign
  • Dassault Aviation (F) Fraunhofer Gesellschaft
    (D)
  • SAAB, EADS CASA and FhG joined at a later stage.

38
Establishment of the GRC-ITD Steering Committee
(Governing Board Decision on May 28th, 2008)
  • In addition to the JU staff and Commission
    representative and subject to the signature of
    the letter of acceptance of the Regulation and
    Statutes, the Governing Board established the
    Steering Committees with the following
    composition
  • SFWA Airbus SAS, SAAB, Dassault Aviation, Alenia
    Aeronautica S.p.a., Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft,
    Liebherr-Aerospace Lindenberg, Thales Avionics,
    Safran, Rolls-Royce plc, EADS CASA, DLR, ONERA,
    Dutch- Cluster, INCAS- Cluster, Qinetiq, RUAG
  • GRA Alenia Aeronautica S.p.a., EADS CASA, Airbus
    SAS, Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, Liebherr-Aerospace
    Lindenberg, Rolls-Royce plc, Safran, Thales
    Avionics, Air Green Cluster, ATR, CIRA cluster,
    Hellenic Aerospace Industry, ONERA
  • GRC AgustaWestland, Eurocopter,
    Liebherr-Aerospace Lindenberg, Safran, Thales
    Avionics, CIRA-SELEX, DLR, IGOR, ONERA, PZL
    Swidnik
  • SGO Liebherr-Aerospace Lindenberg, Thales
    Avionics, Airbus SAS, Saab, Alenia Aeronautica,
    Dassault, Rolls-Royce plc, Safran,
    Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, Zodiac Group, University
    of Nottingham, DLR, EADS-IW, GSAF, Diehl
    Aerospace, Galileo Avionica
  • SAGE Rolls-Royce plc, Safran, Avio S.p.a, ITP,
    MTU Aero Engines GmbH, Volvo Aero Corporation,
    Airbus SAS, Alenia Aeronautica S.p.a.
  • ECD Dassault Aviation, Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft,
    Agusta Westland, Airbus SAS, Alenia Aeronautica
    S.p.a., EADS CASA, Eurocopter, Liebherr-Aerospace
    Lindenberg, Safran, Thales Avionics, EADS IW,
    Hellenic Aerospace Industry, Israel Aircraft
    Industries, RUAG Aerospace Cluster, Stork Fokker
    AESP BV Cluster
  • TE 12 ITD leaders and all TE Associates, CIRA
    cluster, DLR, GSAF cluster, ONERA

39
1st Selection of Associates - process
  • Clean Sky presentation to stakeholders (from June
    06 onwards)
  • Submission of Expressions of Interest by
    potential applicants
  • Submission of applications
  • Selection of applicants per ITD following clear
    criteria
  • Consolidation of Associates selection at JTI
    level
  • Commission involved as  active observer ,
    ensuring transparency and consistency of procedure

40
Selection of Associates - outcome
  • 98 Applications from 18 countries
  • 74 Candidates from 16 countries retained
  • Note
  • I, NL figures are the result of applications of
    clusters grouping multiple entities

41
JU Member composition
17
40
22
22
  • Including the ITD Leaders, 16 countries are
    represented in 83 entities.
  • 22 of these are SMEs.
  • New Call for an Associate member in the SFWA ITD
  • Evaluation on 1/9/08, negotiations started with
    top ranked applicant.

42
Intellectual Property Rights
  • Basic principles included in Regulations and
    Statutes
  • Detailed IPR handling will be covered in
    Consortium Agreement, set up between JU Members
  • Provisions are binding for all direct or indirect
    assignees of Foreground
  • All IPR access to be communicated to JU
  • Relevant ITD Steering Committee to arbitrate

43
IPR Use
  • Within ITDs
  • Free access to Foreground and declared Background
    for research purposes.
  • Access on fair and reasonable terms to declared
    Background for exploitation of own Foreground
    can be denied if owner interest is affected.
  • Between ITDs
  • Access on fair and reasonable terms or free to
    Foreground for exploitation of own Foreground
    can be denied if owner interest is affected.
  • Special rules may apply for Technology Evaluator
  • Owners of Foreground will ensure its use

44
JU Structure
EXTERNAL BODIES
ACARE
Transport Prog. Committee
JTI NS Rep. Group
  • Main Governing body,
  • Strategic Orientation.
  • Commission
  • 12 ITD Leaders
  • 6 Associate represent.

Governing Board
JU
European Commission
ITD Steering Committees
Legal representative of JU supporting staff,
day-to-day operations, communication
Exec. Director
Advisory Board JTI scientific, technical,
financial, managerial matters
ITD Participants
Consultative body, 1 representative per
participant
General Forum
  • Technical management,
  • ITD Leaders
  • Associates

Decision Recommendation
45
JU Governing Board - membership
  • European Commission
  • Founding members (ITD Leaders)
  • 1 Associate partner rep. per platform

46
Commissions Role in the Governing Board
  • Executive Board votes with 2/3 majority, 1
    vote/head, not weighted
  • Commission has casting vote in case of conflict
  • E.g. split between the 12 ITD Leaders and the 6
    Associates Commission vote sets majority
  • Commission has the right of veto on matter of
    public interest
  • non-exhaustive list of topics drawn up
  • Further capabilities
  • Budget retention pending approval of financial
    and technical reports
  • Audit capabilities
  • Supported by panels of independent experts

47
JU Directorate - functions
  • Financial matters
  • ITD monitoring (technical, interfaces,
    integration)
  • Chairing the TE ITD
  • Contractual/legal matters
  • Planning
  • SME contact, communication, reporting

48
NS Representative Group
  • The National States Representative Group shall
    consist of one representative of each Member
    State and of each other country associated to the
    Framework Programme.
  • The elected chairman is Mr J. Lawler (IE), the
    elected Vice-Chair is Mr. G. Lebbink (NL), for
    two years.
  • The chairman of the National States
    Representatives Group attends meetings of the
    Governing Board as an observer.

49
Financial Scheme

In Cash Annual installments
In Kind Annual evaluation
ITD Leaders commitment, to be fulfilled via Calls
for Proposal
  • About 75 of the budget will go to the Members
    via Grant Contracts (not following Calls for
    Proposals)
  • At least 25 of the budget will be dedicated to
    Partners via Calls for Proposals, enabling wider
    accession to Clean Sky
  • All participants receive Grant from JU

50
Budget
Up to 3 of budget (i.e. 48M) goes to running
costs of the JU. This is split 50/50 between
Commission and other JU Members.
51
Financial Flow
EXTERNAL BODIES
European Commission
Cash contribution to JU running costs
JU
Cash contribution to JU operational costs
Exec. Director
Industry cash contribution to JU administrative
costs
Grant agreements (1 per ITD)
Subcontracts following Calls for Tender
CFP Grant Agreement Following Calls for Proposal
52
Clean Sky Contractual picture
Joint Undertaking
1 Grant Agreement per ITD ? 7 in total
ITD Leaders
Associates
1 Grant Agreement per Partner
Applicant
Call for Proposals
Applicant
Part of the CA
Consortium Agreement
Applicant
Partner
Part of the CA
53
Clean Sky Contractual Picture (2)
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
7 Member Grant Agreements Annually renewed
gt100 Partner Grant Agreements following
CfP Variable length
  • Member Grant Agreements between ITD participants
    (up to 45 per ITD) and JU
  • Partner Grant Agreements between Partner (typ.
    Single entity) and JU

54
Sequence of events towards full operation
Finalisation of JU Staff Regulation and IR
(adopted) JU Governing Board procedures
(adopted) JU Financial Regulation
(adopted) Annual Implementation Plan 2008
(adopted) Model Grant Agreement for members
(adopted) Accounting system IT (on
course) Habilitation of financial flow (on
course) Nomination of Executive Director (on
course) Recruitment of JU staff (on
course) Model Grant Agreement for partners (under
development) JU Internal procedures
55
CfP Process and Competitive Selection
  • Proposals will be selected according to open and
    transparent competitive procedures
  • Open criteria agreed by the Governing Board
  • The selection will be done with the assistance of
    independent experts
  • CfPs will contain clear details of the assessment
    criteria that will be defined to select the best
    proposals having regard to all relevant factors.

56
CfP Proposed steps in the selection process
2
  • Preparation of Call for Proposals by a Member
  • Following the Annual Implementation Plan where
    CfPs are identified, the relevant Member of an
    ITD prepares an outline proposal with a first
    draft of specification and evaluation of
    associated cost (for internal reference).
  • The Member proposes a CfP Manager, who will
  • Prepares the detailed specification
  • Proposes the appropriate Internal/ITD Experts
    (minimum 2) - External/Independent Experts
    (minimum 2) from a general list provided by EC to
    the JU selected under JU control
  • Negotiates, together with a JU representative,
    with the applicants following the ranking list
  • Presents the negotiation results to the Steering
    Committee.

57
CfP Proposed steps in the selection process
4/7
  • Advertising CfPs
  • CfPs will be pre-announced on Clean Sky JUs own
    web site www.cleansky.eu (2009 CfP list in 11/08)
  • Clean Sky JUs own web site www.cleansky.eu with
    pointers in CORDIS, Transport web site, ASD
    websites, etc
  • The Director informs the National States
    Representative Group (NCPs activation via NSRG)
  • The Call text should include all necessary
    information on the contractual arrangements (with
    reference for confidential information if
    appropriate)
  • All responses are submitted to the JU

58
CfP Proposed steps in the selection process
6/7
  • Negotiation Phase
  • The CfP Manager together with a JU representative
    begins the negotiation with the top-ranked
    applicant
  • Confidential details may be disclosed under a
    confidentiality agreement in order to finalise a
    contract
  • If the agreement is not reached, the negotiation
    continues with the next applicant in the ranking
    list
  • The results of the negotiation will be
    communicated to the ITD Steering Committee.

59
CfP Proposed steps in the selection process
7/7
  • Grant Agreement
  • The selected candidate(s) will sign the Partner
    Grant Agreement and become a Partner of the Clean
    Sky JU

All the process should be quick and flexible in
order to operate efficiently and perform the
demonstrations within the 7 year time frame.
60
CfP - Some Guidelines
  • A Member cannot apply to CfP proposed by another
    Member of the same ITD
  • A Member may apply to CfP proposed by another
    Member of another ITD, provided the global share
    on JU does not exceeds 50 for ITD Leaders or 25
    for Associates and provided it does not
    participate in writing the specification
  • A Partner may apply to CfP proposed by a Member
    of the same ITD, provided it does not participate
    in writing the specification
  • A Partner may apply to CfP proposed by a Member
    of another ITD.
  • 50/25/25 distribution between ITD Leaders /
    Associates / Partners computed on individual
    contribution

61
Contacts
  • Clean Sky Web page
  • http//www.cleansky.eu
  • Specific information on F.P.7
  • http//www.cordis.lu
  • http//ec.europa.eu/research/

62
Helping SMEs to Participate in EC Funded Research
Setting-up Collaborative Research Project Led by
SMEs
Informing SMEs about Possibilities
http//www.aeroportal.eu
63
J. König Airbus
JTI  Clean Sky  Smart Fixed Wing Aircraft
ITD Material for JTI TF meeting 08. Nov. 2007
JTI SFWA Steering Group Meeting Oct.25.2007 TLS
64
Demonstrators can be accomodated in SFWA budget
High-Speed Option 1 - UAV
High-Speed Option 2 - AlphaJet
100ME
Allows for 4 wingsets
  • Availability matches required timescales
  • Autonomous control good quality F/T data
    acquisition
  • But, requires FCS to be re-programmed a large
    remote range
  • Aircraft available at QinetiQ RUAG Design
    Authority
  • Manual aircraft no FCS to re-program
  • Does not require remote range
  • But, accuracy of F/T measurements?

High-Lift Option 1 A320
High-Lift Option 2 - Falcon
25ME
tbdME
  • Aircraft to be acquired modified
  • Option to restore re-sale after use?
  • Aircraft available at DLR ( Airbus)
  • But, to what extent can aircraft realistically
    be modified?

65
Demonstrators can be accomodated in SFWA budget
Innovative PowerPlant or Empennage FTB
45ME
  • Suitable aircraft to be acquired modified for
    flight test of innovative powerplant or empennage
    concepts

Long Duration Flight Trials
10ME
  • Longer term trials of anti-contamination,
    anti-icing riblet surfaces
  • Modification of leading edge slats
  • Various candidate aircraft e.g. Airbus Beluga,
    DLRs A320, ...

66
Demonstrators can be accomodated in SFWA budget
System demonstration package
30 ME
  • RAMSES demonstrator
  • High Voltage DC-reversible Networks
  • Fuel Cell demonstrator
  • 1MW capability test
  • Removal of Airbus contribution to the FMS-demo

67
SFWA ITD Flight Demonstrator Options
  • 1. High Speed Flight Demonstrator
  • Objective Large scale flight test of passive and
    active flow and loads control solutions on all
    new innovative wing concepts to validate low drag
    solutions at representative Mach and Reynolds
    Numbers. Easy access to the demonstrator, limited
    certification issues, quick exchangeability of
    test items (e.g. pairs of wings). Envisaged to be
    used at least in two major phases of the project.
  • Option 1 UAV
  • UAVs which offer 100 suitable dimension, size
    and performance may not be available. Discussion
    ongoing. Decision needs to be taken to enable
    conduct of major flight test campaign at the end
    2010! Leads times and budget critical.gt Decision
    expected in first half of 2008.
  • Option 2 Alpha-Jet
  • Explicit offer from SFWA Associate Partners
    Qinetiq and RUAG to use partially converted
    (re-wing) Alpha Jet from the available test
    aircraft pool. Both partner are rechecking the
    lead times required for such an activity plus the
    budget requirement (first approach Is within 5
    Associate Partner Shares). Refined sketch offer
    scheduled End of September. (End of this week).
    gt Decision required end of 2007.

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SFWA ITD Flight Demonstrator Options
  • 2. Low Speed Flight Demonstrator
  • Objective Validation flight testing of High Lift
    solution to support / enable the innovative wing
    low drag concepts with a full scale demonstrator.
    Part of these concepts may possible be validated
    in large scale wind tunnel tests (ETW, DNW,...).
    The demonstrator might be more suitable in the
    second phase of the project. (This decision needs
    adjustment with SFWA airframers, meeting
    scheduled Oct.11.).
  • Option 1 Dassault Falcon
  • Provides suitable full scale dimension and
    Reynolds (Mach and Cl) Numbers representative for
    large transport aircraft. Explicit offer of
    Dassault, easy access and availability envisaged.
    Discussion ongoing. Check of lead times /
    critical paths as well as on technical details
    required before decision to be taken 2008 / 2009.
  • Option 2 Airbus A320
  • Provides suitable full scale dimension and
    Reynolds (Mach and Cl) Numbers representative for
    large transport aircraft. Test Aircraft available
    at DLR, but no detailed negotiation yet. Decision
    to be taken 2008 / 2009.

69
Systems for Green Operations ITD Status of Clean
Sky and SGO Liebherr Brussels July 3rd, 2008
70
Systems for Green Operation the concepts
  • Pillar 1 Management of Aircraft Energy (MAE)
  • The use of all-electric equipment system
    architectures will allow a more fuel-efficient
    use of secondary power, from electrical
    generation and distribution to electrical
    aircraft systems.
  • Thermal management will address many levels,
    particularly relating to electric aircraft, from
    hot spots in large power electronics to motor
    drive system cooling, to overall aircraft
    solutions.
  • Pillar 2 Management of Trajectory and Mission
    (MTM)
  • The silent and agile aircraft will generate a
    reduced noise footprint during approach, both
    through design changes in aircraft systems which
    generate a large amount of noise and by flying
    optimised trajectories.
  • Aircraft will be able to fly a green mission from
    start to finish, thanks to technologies which
    allow a pilot to avoid fuel consuming
    metrological hazards and to adapt flight path to
    known local conditions

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Quantified environmental targets
Target Calculation asset Equivalence for a standard mission Function
20 relative reduction of energy systems weight 1.5 reduction on thrust reqt and related environmental impact Energy
30 relative reduction of non-propulsive energy extraction 1.2 reduction on thrust reqt and related environmental impact Energy
1to 2 EPNdB 4 dB reduction of systems (LDG and HLS) noise emission 1 to 2EPNdB aircraft certified approach noise level Energy Mission
4 to 5dBA reduction of noise in operation through optimized flight procedures 4 to 5 dBA at landing Mission
10-20 fuel reduction during terminal phases 10 to 20 reduction on thrust reqt and related environmental impact at take off and landing Mission
25-40 fuel reduction on ground 25 to 40 reduction on thrust reqt and related environmental impact on ground Mission
72
SGO Gates (to be refined in the future)
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
Decision gates at TRL4-5
TRL5-6 targets
TRL6 targets
Cycle 1

- Technologies and architecting options that are
critical to decision making
- Demonstration to TRL5-6 for Go-ahead
solutions
Ultimate maturity step for solutions delivered
in cycle 1
- Option to maintain No-Go solutions at lower pace
Ultimate maturity for solutions delivered in
cycle 2
Cycle 2
- Technologies and architecting options that are
NOT critical to decision making, but require
TRL5-6
- Long term options
73
Part 2. WP1.1  Aircraft Target Requirements   
74
Simple 1MW electrical network
Maintenance
Fuel burn
Expected
Available
Foreseen
Around Aircraft
Critical Network Management
1MW HVDC Net
AIR/Hyd/Start
Fuel cell
PROVEN 2008-2012 Airbus tests w/ suppliers
1 Elec 2 or 3 w/ ECS
Main gen
Elec. Eng Start
APU gen
SiC gt 50 losses
GREEN AIRPORT with Elec. Ground Connections
Generic IPE Module
Technology
Aircraft Availability
Wheel drive
PRIUS
Electrical Compressors
Low power test
Liquid cooling
Hot wet
VCS
VCS Option
OPERATION PREDICTION
Cabin
Pack
Diagnostic Prognostic Cable Failure location
Replaced by
Large VCS
Elec. WIPS Pack in flight in 2011
Options Auto-taxi
NO USELESS REMOVAL
Fault tolerant 2x2 essential system
75
MOET Aircraft Assessment
Approach
Delta Drag at a/c level
Delta SFC -2 -2.2 BFE
under evaluation
Delta SFC
-2 -2.2 BFE
-2 -2.2 BFE
???
MLVA
1252kg 1.93 BFE
Delta Weight
M18 Preliminary assessment
1118kg BFE
Conservative
MOET Reference aircraft
-2 BFE
Optimistic
Expected MOET results
500NM mission considered (cruise condition)
BFE Block Fuel Equivalent in
76
MISSION Flight Plan Optimisation Process vs
Environmental Constraints
New aircraft capabilities to manage multiple
constraints Including environmental constraints
In-flight - Trajectories overall mission
optimization
Notional depiction (real world is more complex)
77
MISSION Flight Plan Optimisation Process vs
Environmental Constraints
OPTIMISATION OF FLIGHT TRAJECTORIES WITHIN
CONSTRAINTS (e.g. SESAR) TO MEET NEW
ENVIRONMENTAL TARGETS
Notional depiction (real world is more complex)
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