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The Mass

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Liturgy of the Word Liturgy of the Eucharist The Liturgical Year Participating in the Mass February 22, 2014 Other Names for the Eucharist Holy Eucharist Communion ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Mass


1
The Mass
  • Liturgy of the Word
  • Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • The Liturgical Year
  • Participating in the Mass
  • February 22, 2014

2
Housekeeping
  • March 9 Rite of Conversion
  • 1st Sunday of Lent you and your sponsor 1030
    AM Mass and then off to Fargo.
  • Pick a saints name for Confirmation -
    http//www.catholic.org/saints/stindex.php
  • Power points of previous classes
    www.mybrotherjesus.com click on RCIA
  • Handouts of previous classes are up front
  • The morning of Holy Saturday (Easter Vigil)
  • Retreat Walk through of the ceremony
    Confessions

2
3
Housekeeping
Easter Vigil Question have you embraced and
accepted all of the teachings of the
church? Stations of the Cross 1140AM and 7 PM
during Lent Between now and March 9th, we ask you
to please set up your second 20 minute interview
with Fr. Braun, Fr. King, or Fr. Pfeifer by
calling the rectory at 701-772-2624 Keep working
on prayers Baptismal Certificates Fr. Pfeifer
back next week class location???
3
4
Sundays Gospel
Matthew 538-48 Jesus said to his
disciplesYou have heard that it was said,An
eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.But I say
to you, offer no resistance to one who is
evil.When someone strikes you on your right
cheek,turn the other one as well.If anyone
wants to go to law with you over your tunic,hand
over your cloak as well.Should anyone press you
into service for one mile,go for two
miles. Give to the one who asks of you,and do
not turn your back on one who wants to borrow.
4
5
Sundays Gospel
You have heard that it was said,You shall love
your neighbor and hate your enemy.But I say to
you, love your enemiesand pray for those who
persecute you,that you may be children of your
heavenly Father,for he makes his sun rise on the
bad and the good,and causes rain to fall on the
just and the unjust.For if you love those who
love you, what recompense will you have?Do not
the tax collectors do the same?And if you greet
your brothers only,what is unusual about
that?Do not the pagans do the same?So be
perfect, just as your heavenly Father is
perfect.
5
6
The Liturgical Year
  • The celebration throughout the year of the
    mysteries of the Lords birth, life, death, and
    Resurrection in such a way that the entire year
    becomes a year of the Lords grace. Thus the
    cycle of the liturgical year and the great feasts
    constitute the basic rhythm of the Christians
    life of prayer, with its focal point at Easter.


  • CCC

6
7
The Liturgical Year
  • Begins on the first Sunday of Advent four weeks
    before Christmas
  • Revolves around two feasts Christmas and Easter
  • First Half focuses on the theme Christ Our
    Light
  • Christmas
  • Second Half focuses on the theme Christ Our
    Life
  • Easter
  • Ordinary Time is the time other than the
    Christmas and Easter seasons

7
8
Christ Our Light
  • Advent
  • Time to prepare for Christmas
  • Time of slowing down
  • Time of repentance (confession)
  • Christmas
  • Birth of Christ
  • Epiphany
  • Wise Men come to worship Christ
  • Baptism of the Lord
  • Jesus is baptized by John the Baptist

8
9
Christ Our Life
  • Lent
  • Begins with Ash Wednesday - 40 days before Easter
  • Time of purification of the body and soul -
    repentance
  • Time of confession, fasting, abstinence, more
    prayer, more reading of the Bible, etc.
  • Easter
  • Last Supper, Passion, Rising from the dead
  • Ascension
  • Jesus ascends into heaven, body and soul - 40
    days after Easter
  • Pentecost
  • Holy Spirit descends on the Apostles and the
    Blessed Virgin Mary in the Upper Room - 50 days
    after Easter

9
10
The Mass
  • Most important, central and sacred act of worship
    in Catholicism
  • Because the Holy Eucharist is the source and
    summit of Christian life
  • The supreme act of adoration, love, and worship
    of God that we have as Catholics
  • The Mass is the greatest prayer that we can pray
  • It is the prayer of Christ the perfect prayer
  • In Mass we give perfect adoration, perfect
    thanksgiving, perfect petition, and perfect
    atonement
  • Only an ordained priest can say the Mass

10
11
The Mass
  • The Church professes that at the Mass the three
    levels of the Church converge and are united with
    one another (communion)
  • Church Triumphant saints in heaven
  • Church Militant believers here on earth
  • Church Suffering souls in purgatory
  • All of Gods servants join in prayer
  • The Holy Sacrifice
  • Called a sacrifice because Christ offers
    Himself to the Father

11
12
History of Sacrifice
  • Sacrifice began at the beginning of creation
  • Adam Eve offered sacrifices to God
  • Cain Abel offered sacrifices to God
  • Abraham Sarah offered sacrifices to God
  • The first humans new they owed some debt of
    gratitude to God so they offered sacrifices
  • Taking something that God has given us, and
    giving it back to God (offer something back to
    God)
  • A gift to God, in thanksgiving for all the
    blessings received

12
13
Mass the New Sacrifice
  • The sacrifice of Christ
  • We know from scripture Christ only died once
  • Before He died He said the Last Supper
  • While they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed
    it, broke it, and gave it to them saying, Take
    this and eat, this is My Body. Taking the cup,
    and giving thanks, He gave it to them, and they
    all drank from it, and He said to them This is
    My Blood, of the New Covenant, which is being
    shed for many (Matthew 2626-28)
  • Christ offered Himself to the Father, under the
    appearances of bread and wine
  • The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass

13
14
When We Attend Mass
  • Were made present at the Last Supper and Calvary
  • Time and space are pushed aside
  • We are really truly present at the Last Supper
    and the Cross
  • Christ only died once, Christ isnt dying again
    and again
  • The Mass makes Calvary and the Last Supper
    present here and now

14
15
Uniting Past, Present, Future
  • The Mass isnt just a reenactment, it combines
  • Past the exact words and elements that Jesus
    used at the Last Supper are used faithfully and
    precisely
  • Present the Mass brings grace nourishment and
    instruction for the people who are present
  • Future It foreshadows the sacred banquet in
    heaven
  • The Mass transports the participants back in time
    to Christs Last Supper with his apostles,
    Christs Passion and death on the cross, and his
    Resurrection and empty tomb
  • The Mass is the summit and zenith of all
    Christian worship

15
16
Wish we could have been there
  • The Mass takes Calvary and the Last Supper and
    makes them present
  • We have the opportunity to be there every time we
    come to Mass
  • We are at the Last Supper
  • We are at the Cross
  • Standing next to Mary, John, and Mary Magdalene
  • We have this opportunity every Sunday or
    everyday if we attend daily Mass

16
17
The Priest
  • Lineage goes back to the Twelve Apostles
  • Offers the sacrifice, takes the bread and wine
  • Doesnt say This is the Body of Jesus or This
    is the Blood of Jesus
  • Says This is My Body. This is the cup of My
    Blood first person
  • Christ is present in the priest the priest
    disappears Christ speaks through the priest (in
    persona Christi)
  • Christ is the priest
  • There is only one priest its Jesus Christ, He
    gives us a share of his priesthood

17
18
Priest and Victim
  • Christ is the priest and victim
  • In the Eucharist He is offered up
  • Old Testament
  • The priest and victim were always separate
  • The priest would sacrifice a lamb or goat he
    was always distinct from the sacrifice
  • The Mass Christ is the priest and the victim
    being offered
  • Christ is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins
    of the world
  • He is the unblemished lamb who offers Himself up
    to the Father

18
19
When was the first Mass?
  • The first Mass took place year 33 AD the Bible
    wasnt created until the 300s AD

19
20
Types of Prayer in the Mass
Four Types of Prayer in Catholicism Mass Part
Adoration praising God The Gloria
Contrition Asking God for forgiveness The Confiteor and Penitential Rite
Petition Asking God for a favor The Prayer of the Faithful (General Intercessions)
Thanksgiving Showing God gratitude After Holy Communion when we show gratitude for all the graces given at Mass
20
21
Fruits of the Mass
  • Grace Gods love and Gods life fills us when
    we attend Mass
  • Forgiveness of all our venial sins
  • We help make up for the sins of the past
  • The temporal punishment

21
22
The Word Mass
  • Comes from a Latin word meaning to send forth
  • When you attend Mass you are gathered to pray, to
    worship, thank, praise God and ask Him for what
    we need
  • At the end we are sent forth to bring the world
    to Christ and to bring Christ to the world
  • The Mass is a sending forth of the congregation

22
23
Different Titles of the Mass
  • Sacred Liturgy
  • Lords Supper
  • Holy Sacrifice of the Mass
  • Holy Meal

23
24
Different Postures
  • Why do we sit, stand, and kneel at different
    times during the Mass
  • Catholic worship involves the whole person body
    and soul
  • Each posture has a specific reason
  • Standing show respect
  • Sitting for receptivity
  • Kneeling sign of worship, adoration, and
    humility

24
25
Parts of the Mass
  • Liturgy of the Word
  • Focus is on the Bible readings as an integral
    part of daily and weekly worship
  • Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • Focus is the holiest and most sacred part of the
    Mass Holy Eucharist
  • The two parts can be divided up into 5 or 6
    different parts follow The Order of Mass

25
26
Missalette
  • A prayer book provided by a church
  • Contains the prayers for the Mass, the Sunday
    readings for the liturgical season, and hymns for
    the entire church year
  • The readings are arranged by the specific date on
    which they will be read, and because of this the
    missalette is obsolete after the church year

26
27
Entering the Church
  • Enter quietly and reverently
  • Shouldnt be chewing gum respect and reverence
    for Jesus
  • Dip your fingers in Holy Water and bless
    yourselves by making the Sign of the Cross
  • To remind us of our Baptism
  • Find your pew, genuflect to the Tabernacle, take
    your seat or kneel, sit or pray silently
    preparing yourself for Mass

27
28
Start of Mass and Entrance Procession
  • Recite the Prayer to St. Michael
  • Patron saint of the church
  • Opening Hymn (Entrance Antiphon)
  • Everyone stands
  • Singing brings everyone together - gets them on
    the same page
  • Help us get focused
  • Altar servers Crucifix, followed by candles,
    proclaimer holding the Book of the Gospels,
    followed by the Priest
  • Bow at the first step sign of reverence

28
29
Entrance Procession
  • Crucifix is placed in its stand in back right
  • The candles are placed on the high altar on both
    sides of the tabernacle
  • The Book of the Gospels is placed on the altar
  • The priest bows and kisses the altar the altar
    is where the sacrifice will take place

29
30
Greeting
  • Sign of the Cross
  • All prayers begin with the Sign of the Cross
  • Greeting
  • Priest can choose any one of three greetings
  • The grace of our Lord Jesus Christbe with you
    all.
  • Grace to you and peace from God our Father and
    the Lord Jesus Christ.
  • The Lord be with you.
  • Response And with your Spirit
  • Response is inspired by Pauls letters that end
    with a version of being with your spirit.
  • Philippians (423), 2 Timothy (422), Galatians
    (618), Philemon (25)
  • The two parts of the greeting expresses a desire
    that the Lord be present to the spirit of the
    entire community

30
31
Blessing and Sprinkling of Water
  • Done once or twice a year
  • The priest blesses the Holy Water and walks
    through the Church down all three isles and
    sprinkles everybody with Holy Water (Holy
    Saturday, First Communion/Confirmation)
  • Everyone makes the Sign of the Cross

31
32
Penitential Act
  • A public acknowledgement that everyone is a
    sinner and has sinned to some degree during the
    week
  • Priest says At this time let us call to mind our
    sins.
  • Before we begin to worship God, we tell God we
    are sorry for our sins
  • It expresses public guilt and shame for any sins
    against God, because committing sin is also an
    offense and a wound to the faith community

32
33
Think about our Sins
  • Bishop Fulton Sheen always did this
  • Instead of trying to go through a laundry list of
    all the sins that he could remember, he would
    look at the Crucifix and looked at the effects of
    his sins, what he did to Christ, he would look at
    the Crown of Thorns, the five wounds he said
    thats what my sins did to Christ
  • You can think about your sins or try Bishop
    Sheens method
  • Think of how much God loves us, by dying for us
    and be sorry for our sins and what they did to
    Christ

33
34
Confiteor
  • After we contemplate our sins, we make a public
    confession
  • Latin I confess
  • I confess to almighty God and to you my brothers
    and sisters
  • through my fault, through my fault, through my
    most grievous fault
  • We strike our breasts 3 times
  • Striking our breast is a sign of being sorry
  • Old Testament to tell God they were sorry they
    would put on sack cloth, ashes on their head, and
    beat their breast

34
35
Parts of the Confiteor
  • How we offend God
  • In our thoughts (wishing evil upon someone)
  • In our words (using Gods name in vain)
  • In what we have done (stealing)
  • In what we have failed to do (not helping
    someone)
  • We ask Mary, the Angels and the saints, and each
    other, to pray for us, to the Lord our God
  • Take this seriously at every Mass you are
    asking somebody to pray for you, you are also
    promising to pray for them
  • Dont forget to fulfill this obligation make
    sure you are praying for everybody who attended
    Mass

35
36
Forgiveness of Sins
  • Priest says May Almighty God have mercy on us,
    forgive us our sins, and bring us to everlasting
    life. Response Amen
  • Thats a prayer of forgiveness
  • It takes away venial sins (smaller sins) not
    mortal sins
  • Kyrie
  • Greek word for Lord Trinitarian theme
  • Priest Lord have mercy Response Lord have
    mercy the Father
  • Priest Christ have mercy Response Christ have
    mercy the Son
  • Priest Lord have mercy Response Lord have
    mercy the Holy Spirit

36
37
Gloria
  • Latin word for glory
  • Ancient hymn recalls the singing angels at
    Christmas in Bethlehem who sang at Christs birth
  • Glory to God in the highest
  • Said or sung every Sunday except during Advent
    and Lent which are penitential seasons
  • Said in celebration
  • An ancient prayer of praise - to the Father, the
    Son, and the Holy Spirit

37
38
Opening Prayer - Collect
  • Sets the tone for the rest of the prayers and
    readings
  • Addresses all three persons of the Holy Trinity
    (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit)

38
39
Readings
  • Word of God Sacred Scripture
  • First two readings are read by lay people
  • First Reading is always from the Old Testament
  • Second Reading is always from the New Testament
    - Other than the Gospels
  • In between the first two readings is the
    Responsorial Psalm
  • The Gospel (third reading) can only be read by a
    priest, deacon, or bishop
  • The readings and the Gospel reading usually have
    a common theme

39
40
Reading Cycles
  • The Church chooses the readings for each Mass
  • Sunday Mass 3 year cycle
  • Years A, B, C
  • After 3 years you hear 19 of the Bible
  • Daily Mass 2 year cycle
  • Years I II
  • After 2 years you hear 83 of the Bible

40
41
The Books
  • Lectionary
  • Contains the first two readings
  • Book of the Gospels
  • Contains the Gospel readings
  • Sacramentary
  • Used by the priest
  • Contains the prayers and ceremonies of the Mass

41
42
The Readings
  • Everyone sits
  • First Second Readings
  • Introduction A Reading from the Book of
    Deuteronomy
  • Introduction A Reading from the Letter of
    Saint Paul to the Romans
  • Conclusion The Word of God Response Thanks
    Be to God
  • Responsorial Psalm
  • Called this because we are supposed to respond at
    different times
  • The reader or cantor will say or sing the Psalm
    and we are respond with the antiphon

42
43
Gospel Procession
  • The Priest stands congregation stands
  • Alleluia is sung just before the reading of the
    Gospel
  • Means praise the Lord
  • Altar servers get candles and wait behind the
    altar
  • Priest walks to the center of the altar bows
    picks up the Book of the Gospels
  • Priest turns to walk to the ambo (pulpit or
    lectern), altar servers walk in front of the
    priest, priest holds the Book of the Gospels high
    above his head

43
44
Gospel Reading
  • Life of Christ
  • Priest says The Lord be with you Response And
    with your spirit
  • Introduction A Reading from the Holy Gospel
    according to Luke Response Glory to you, O
    Lord
  • At the time of the introduction of the Gospel we
    are to take our thumb and make the Sign of the
    Cross three times on the forehead, the lips, and
    over the heart
  • Conclusion The Gospel of the Lord Response
    Praise to You Lord Jesus Christ

44
45
Why make the Sign of the Cross three times?
  • Trinitarian in nature for the three Persons in
    the Holy Trinity
  • What we are saying is
  • Lord enlighten my mind with your Holy Word, that
    I may
  • Understand with my mind
  • Profess it with my lips
  • Believe it in my heart

45
46
Homily
  • Also called sermon
  • Everyone sits
  • An explanation and reflection on the Word of God
  • Based upon the readings or the teachings of
    Christ and the Church
  • Deacon, priest, or bishop

46
47
Profession of Faith
  • Reciting the Creed
  • Everyone stands
  • Nicene Creed or the Apostles Creed
  • Nicene Creed comes from the Council of Nicaea
    year 325
  • Sums up all that the Magisterium (the teaching
    authority of the Church) has taught for the past
    2,000 years
  • I believe in one God, the Father almighty, maker
    of heaven and earth
  • Bow at and by the Holy Spirit was incarnate of
    the Virgin Mary, and became man.

47
48
General Intercessions
  • Remain standing
  • Also called Prayer of the Faithful
  • Petitions are read We pray to the Lord
    Response Lord hear our prayer
  • We pray 6 10 different petitions at each Mass
  • For example We pray for this years RCIA
    candidates and catechumens who will be entering
    the Church this Holy Saturday may they be blessed
    with an abundant faith. We pray to the Lord.
    Response Lord hear our prayer
  • Concludes the Liturgy of the Word

48
49
Break
  • 5 minutes

49
50
Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • Focuses on offering
  • The collection offering
  • The offering of bread and wine to be consecrated
  • The sacrifice itself
  • The consecration by the priest
  • The Holy Communion of the faithful

50
51
Presentation of the Gifts
  • Everyone sits
  • Song is sung
  • Collection is taken
  • Giving to God our first fruits
  • Offertory Procession
  • The gifts are brought forward
  • Collection
  • Bread wine
  • Priest servers meet the procession at the foot
    of the altar to receive the gifts

51
52
The Gifts
  • Bread , wine, and the collection are brought
    forth
  • Symbolism the lay people bring up their gifts
  • They offer themselves upon the paten and in
    chalice
  • We should do that, offer up all our prayers,
    works, joys, and sufferings
  • Place our entire self in the chalice and on the
    paten and ask God to transform us into Christ

52
53
Preparation of the Gifts
  • The altar is prepared
  • Priest lifts the host
  • "Blessed are you, Lord, God of all creation.
    Through your goodness we have this bread to
    offer, which earth has given and human hands have
    made. It will become for us the Bread of Life.
    Response Blessed be God forever

53
54
Preparation of the Gifts
  • Priest pours the wine into the chalice and adds a
    few drops of water to symbolize the union of the
    divinity and humanity of Christ
  • He says May we come to share in the Divinity of
    Christ, who humbled Himself to share in our
    humanity.
  • Priest lifts the chalice
  • Blessed are you, Lord, God of all creation.
    Through your goodness we have this wine to offer,
    fruit of the vine and work of human hands. It
    will become for us our spiritual drink.
    Response Blessed be God forever

54
55
Water and Wine
  • The wine represents the Divinity of Christ and
    the water is His humanity
  • When the water is placed in the wine it shows
    that Christ is one, that His humanity and His
    Divinity are one Person of Christ
  • The water also represents our humanity, that we
    are to be joined to Christ
  • When the water is placed in the wine, we can no
    longer separate it, the water has become part of
    the wine, we become one with the Lord when we
    receive Him in Holy Communion

55
56
Washing of Hands
  • Priest prays, May the Lord wash me of my
    inequities and cleanse me of my sins.
  • Originated in the early Church
  • People would bring up vegetables, chickens,
    clothing for the poor with the bread and wine
  • The priest would have to collect all of this - he
    would wash his hands before continuing with the
    Sacrifice of the Mass
  • Also was a Jewish tradition during the time of
    Jesus, the high priest would wash his hands
    before making the sacrifice of killing the
    unblemished spotless lamb on the day of the
    Passover
  • Now we just bring the basket with money the
    washing is symbolic

56
57
Preparation of the Gifts
  • Everyone stands
  • Pray my brothers and sisters that my sacrifice
    and yours may be acceptable to God, the almighty
    Father
  • Response May the Lord accept the sacrifice at
    your hands for the praise and glory of his name,
    for our good and the good of all his holy
    Church.
  • Prayer over the Gifts
  • Priest says the prescribed prayer. Response
    Amen

57
58
Preface
  • Beginning of Eucharistic Prayer
  • Priest Lord be with you Response And with
    your spirit
  • Priest Lift up your hearts Response We
    lift them up to the Lord
  • Priest Let us give thanks to the Lord our God
    Response It is right and just
  • Priest continues with the rest of the preface

58
59
Holy
  • Sung or spoken
  • Also called Sanctus means holy
  • Trinitarian Holy, Holy, Holy said three times
  • Holy, Holy, Holy Lord God of hosts. Heaven and
    earth are full of your glory. Hosanna in the
    highest. Blessed is he who comes in the name of
    the Lord. Hosanna in the highest.
  • Heaven and earth are united at this time

59
60
Eucharistic Prayer
  • Everyone kneels - the holiest part of the Mass
  • Common elements are praise and thanksgiving to
    God
  • Priest has several that he can choose from
  • Only a priest can say, it recalls what happened
    at the Last Supper
  • Epiclesis priest begs the Father to send the
    holy Spirit, so that the offerings may become the
    body and blood of Christ and that the faithful,
    by receiving them, may themselves become a living
    offering to God (CCC 1105)
  • The sequence of events is retold until the part
    where Jesus takes the bread

60
61
Eucharistic Prayer
  • Then the priest changes from third person to
    first person and speaks as if Christ himself were
    standing holding the host. The priest acts in
    the person of Christ (in persona Christi).
  • The priest uses the exact same words that Jesus
    used at the Last Supper at the Consecration
  • Priest takes the Host - Take this, all of you,
    and eat of it, for this is My Body , which will
    be given up for you
  • He elevates the Host for everyone to see
  • The bells are rung
  • The priest genuflects

61
62
Eucharistic Prayer
  • Priest takes the chalice Take this, all of
    you, and drink from it, for this is the chalice
    of My Blood, the Blood of the new and eternal
    covenant, which will be poured out for you and
    for many for the forgiveness of sins. Do this in
    memory of me.
  • He elevates the chalice for everyone to see
  • The bells are rung
  • The priest genuflects
  • At the raising of the Eucharist Chalice can
    pray to yourself My Lord and my God

62
63
The Mass Shows forth the Death of Christ
  • It does this by the separate consecration of the
    Host and the wine
  • The separation of the Body and the Blood of
    Christ represents the death of Christ
  • Once His Blood left His Body, He died, the
    separation of His Body from His Blood
  • This is shown in an unbloody way at the Sacrifice
    of the Mass, by a separate Consecration

63
64
Why are there Bells?
  • They signify the holiest moment of the Mass
  • Necessary before microphones people in the way
    back of the churches could hardly hear anything
    that the priest was saying, so they needed a
    signal that the Consecration was happening

64
65
The Consecration
  • During the Consecration a miracle occurs
  • The bread and wine change into the body and blood
    of Christ Transubstantiation
  • Only and ordained priest has the authority to say
    Mass and consecrate the bread and wine
  • We kneel before the Eucharist because it is no
    longer a piece of bread it is Christ
  • The Eucharist isnt a symbol it is Christ

65
66
Other Names for the Eucharist
  • Holy Eucharist
  • Communion and Holy Communion
  • Sacrament and Blessed Sacrament
  • Sacrifice and Holy Sacrifice
  • True Presence and Real Presence

66
67
Mystery of Faith
  • 3 choices
  • We proclaim your Death, O Lord, and profess your
    Resurrection until you come again.
  • When we eat this Bread and drink this cup, we
    proclaim your Death, O Lord, until you come
    again.
  • Save us, Savior of the world for by your Cross
    and Resurrection you have set us free.

67
68
Eucharistic Prayer
  • We pray for the needs of the Church and the world
  • We pray for the Pope
  • We pray for those that have died
  • We pray for all the intentions
  • We pray that one day well get to heaven to be
    with the Lord, the Blessed Mother, the Apostles,
    and the saints

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Conclusion of the Eucharistic Prayer
  • Priest raises the Eucharist and the Precious
    Blood
  • Through him, and with him, and in him, O God
    almighty Father, in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
    all glory and honor is yours, for ever and ever.
    Response Amen

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Communion Rite
  • Everyone stands
  • The Lords Prayer
  • After the Our Father there is a prayer that the
    Lord will deliver us from evil, grant us peace,
    protect us from sin and anxiety, as we wait for
    the coming of Christ
  • Then this prayer For the kingdom, the power, and
    the glory are Yours, now, and forever.
  • Added after Vatican II in the 1960s

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Different than Protestant Our Father
  • Protestant Our Father For Thine is the kingdom,
    the power, and the glory, forever and ever.
    Amen.
  • We are each using different versions of the same
    ancient prayer
  • Why dont Catholics say that part?
  • We do every Mass
  • We dont say it in the regular Our Father (not at
    Mass), because it wasnt said by Christ
  • The last verse was added by some early Christians
    but it wasnt the prayer that Jesus taught us

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Sign of Peace
  • Priest Lord Jesus Christ who said to your
    Apostles Peace I leave you, my peace I give
    you, look not on our sins, but on the faith of
    your Church, and graciously grant her peace and
    unity in accordance with your will. Who live and
    reign for ever and ever. Response Amen
  • Priest The peace of the Lord be with you
    always. Response And with your spirit.
  • Priest Let us offer each other the sign of
    peace.
  • Shake hands Peace be with you, family members
    may hug or kiss

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Lamb of God
  • Also called Agnus Dei
  • Lamb of God you take away the sins of the world,
    have mercy on us. Lamb of God you take away the
    sins of the world, have mercy on us. Lamb of God
    you take away the sins of the world, grant us
    peace.
  • Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi, miserere
    nobis. Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi,
    miserere nobis. Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata
    mundi, dona nobis pacem.
  • Sometimes use a combined English/Latin version
  • After the Lamb of God everyone kneels

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Breaking of the Bread
  • During the Lamb of God
  • The priest breaks the Host
  • He then takes a little piece of the Host and
    places it in the chalice that represents the
    resurrection
  • The Body and Blood of Christ are reunited in a
    mystical way at Mass
  • The Mass shows forth the death and the
    Resurrection of Christ
  • Separate consecration of the host and the wine
  • Uniting of the Body and Precious Blood

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Communion
  • Priest Behold the Lamb of God, behold him who
    takes away the sins of the world. Blessed are
    those called to the supper of the Lamb.
  • Response Lord, I am not worthy that you should
    enter under my roof, but only say the word and my
    soul shall be healed.
  • Comes from the Bible when the Centurion asked
    Jesus to heal his servant, Jesus intends to go to
    the house, but the Centurion feels he is unworthy
    to have Jesus come to his home, Jesus admires the
    mans faith and cures the servant from afar.
    (Matthew 88 and Luke 76)
  • Priest and the Extraordinary Ministers of Holy
    Communion receive Communion

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Receiving Communion
  • Before receiving some sign of reverence for the
    Real Presence is required
  • Bow, Sign of the Cross, genuflect or kneeling
  • Eucharist can be received either on the tongue or
    on the hand
  • If received on the hand it must be consumed right
    away

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Receiving Communion
  • Eucharist
  • Minister of Holy Communion The Body of Christ
    Response Amen
  • Precious Blood
  • Minister of Holy Communion The Blood of
    Christ Response Amen
  • Our response of Amen I believe confesses
    our belief that Jesus is truly present in both
    the bread and the wine
  • After receiving Communion
  • Return to your pew, kneel and pray silently

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Proper Disposition
  • Must be properly disposed in order to receive
    Holy Communion
  • Unaware of any mortal sins that havent been
    confessed
  • Dont publically dissent from Church teaching
  • Fasted (not eating or drinking anything except
    water) for one hour before receiving Holy
    Communion
  • The fast is one hour before Communion, not before
    Mass

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Who Can Not Receive Communion
  • You must be in communion to receive Communion
  • Means being united with all that the Church
    teaches, prays, and does
  • Non-Catholics
  • Catholics in a state of mortal sin
  • Catholics in an invalid marriage
  • Catholics whove broken the one-hour fast
  • Catholics who havent made their first confession
    and First Communion

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After Communion
  • Plates and chalices are cleaned and put away
  • Priest sits down everyone sits
  • Prayer after Communion
  • Everyone stands
  • Priest says the appropriate concluding prayer.
    Response Amen

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Concluding Rites
  • Greeting, Final Blessing, and Dismissal
  • Greeting
  • Priest The Lord be with you. Response And
    with your spirit.
  • Final Blessing
  • Priest May almighty God bless you, the Father,
    and the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Response
    Amen.

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Dismissal
  • Priest has four dismissals to choose from
  • Go forth the Mass is ended
  • Go and announce the Gospel of the Lord
  • Go in peace, glorifying the Lord by your life
  • Go in peace
  • Response to all four Thanks be to God
  • Doesnt mean thank God Mass is over
  • Giving thanks to God for all the blessings weve
    received
  • We are being sent into the world to spread the
    Word of God and put it into practice

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Exit Procession
  • Song is sung
  • Priest and altar servers process to the back of
    the Church.
  • Dont leave until the Priest has completed his
    exit
  • Dont get in the habit of leaving Mass early
  • The only one that left the Last Supper early was
    Judas, things didnt wind up too well with him ?

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Miscellaneous
  • If you go anywhere in the world the Mass is the
    same.
  • The language may be different but the Mass is the
    same
  • There is a lot of rich mystical symbolism in Mass
  • Whenever you attend Mass you can offer that Mass
    for somebody or something

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Sunday Attendance
  • Not just expected, its a moral obligation
  • Mortal sin if missed without a worthy excuse
  • Lords Day
  • Obligation to refrain from unnecessary work on
    Sunday day of rest
  • Attending Mass is the only way that a Catholic
    can fulfill the 3rd Commandment to keep holy the
    Sabbath day
  • Weekend Services
  • Saturday evening 500
  • Sunday 730, 900, 1030, 1200, or 500

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Participate Fully
  • The full, conscious, and active participation of
    the faithful is required by singing, praying,
    speaking, sitting, kneeling, and so on
  • Every person should be communicating with God
    during Mass
  • Being disposed to, cooperative with, and willing
    to accept the supernatural divine graces being
    bestowed at the Mass should be the goal of
    everyone present
  • Being inattentive, just being there but not
    consciously participating is a sin of sloth

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Understand the Mass
  • To understand the Mass is to understand
    Catholicism
  • The more you understand about the Mass the more
    interesting and exciting it is
  • The less you understand about the Mass the more
    boring it is
  • Think about football
  • The more you know about football how the game
    is played and strategies it can be quite
    interesting
  • The less you know about football the less
    interesting it is

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Understand the Mass
  • The Mass is the same
  • You have to bring something to Mass in order to
    appreciate it
  • The more you read and study about the Mass the
    more you will appreciate it
  • Even though the structure of the Mass stays the
    same, every Mass is different
  • Different prayers, readings, homilies
  • If you want to get more out of the Mass, bring
    more to it
  • Participate in the Mass rather than coming as a
    spectator
  • Mass is a prayer prayer is interactive

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Three Stages of Spiritual Life
  • Writings from several saints
  • Purgative Stage, Illuminative Stage, and the
    Unitive Stage
  • During Mass we go through the three stages

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Purgative Stage
  • Penitential Rite
  • Telling God youre sorry for your sins and ask
    His forgiveness
  • We pass through a time of purgation (cleansing)

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Illuminative Stage
  • Enlightening the mind to know God
  • Done through the readings, the Homily, the Creed,
    and the Prayers to the Faithful

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Unitive Stage
  • To be one with God
  • Occurs in Holy Communion
  • We become one with God when we receive Communion

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To Get to Heaven
  • In heaven we have union with God
  • We have to pass through the Purgative and
    Illuminative Stages and into the Unitive Stage
  • If we dont achieve the Purgative and
    Illuminative in this world we have to go to
    Purgatory
  • We cant go to heaven with even the smallest
    stain of sin on your soul
  • The only people that get to heaven are perfect
  • Purgatory is for those who die in Gods grace and
    friendship but still need to be cleansed
    (purified, perfected)

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Next Week
  • Topic Holy Orders and Religious Life
  • Bishop, Priest, Deacon
  • Consecrated Life
  • Priestly Celibacy
  • Womens Ordination
  • Fr. Pfeifer will be back
  • Location Church basement or school cafeteria??

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