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Human Body Review

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Title: Human Body Review


1
Human Body Review
2
Smallest unit of an organism
Levels of Organization
Section 7- 4
Muscle cell
muscle tissue
Organ
Organ system
Go to Section
3
Cells are organized into.
Levels of Organization
Section 7- 4
Muscle cell
muscle tissue
Organ
Organ system
Go to Section
4
Tissues are organized into.
Levels of Organization
Section 7- 4
Muscle cell
muscle tissue
Organ
Organ system
Go to Section
5
Organs are organized into.
Levels of Organization
Section 7- 4
Muscle cell
muscle tissue
Organ
Organ system
Go to Section
6
Organs are organized into.
Levels of Organization
Section 7- 4
Muscle cell
muscle tissue
Organ
Organ system
Go to Section
7
Figure 35-2 Human Organ Systems Part I
Which Organ System?
Section 35-1
Function Provides a stable internal environment
and protects underlying tissues from pathogens
and UV radiation, skin gets rid of waste
8
Figure 35-2 Human Organ Systems Part I
Which Organ System?
Section 35-1
Integumentary System
9
Which Body System?
  • Function Supports and protects the body, stores
    minerals nutrients, produces red blood cells,
    works with the muscular system to produce movement

10
Which Body System?
  • Skeletal System

11
Which Body System?
  • Function Breaks down food into smaller
    nutrients that can be absorbed and used by the
    body

12
Which Body System?
  • Digestive System

13
Which Body System?
  • Organs/ Structures Heart, blood and blood
    vessels (arteries, veins and capillaries)

14
Which Body System?
  • Cardiovascular or Circulatory System

15
Which Body System?
  • Organs / Structures Biceps, triceps and tendons

16
Which Body System?
  • Muscular System

17
Which Type of Tissue?
  • ______________ Tissue cells pack tightly
    together and cover and protect underlying tissue

18
Which Type of Tissue?
  • Epithelial Tissue cells pack tightly together
    and cover and protect underlying tissue

19
3 Types of Joints
  • Allow bones to rotate and move freely in all
    directions.

Bones in the hands
Hip or shoulder
The elbow
20
3 Types of Joints
  • Ball-and-socket joints
  • Allow bones to rotate and move freely in all
    directions.

Bones in the hands
Hip or shoulder
The elbow
21
Which Type of Tissue?
  • ________________Tissue contracts and relaxes
    for movement

22
Which Type of Tissue?
  • Muscle Tissue contracts and relaxes for
    movement

23
Where is the Clavicle?
Section 36-1
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
24
Where is the Clavicle?
Section 36-1
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
25
Where is the Femur?
Section 36-1
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
26
Where is the Femur?
Section 36-1
Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
27
Which Type of Tissue?
  • ________________ Tissue joins, supports,
    protects, and nourishes organs

28
Which Type of Tissue?
  • Connective Tissue joins, supports, protects,
    and nourishes organs

29
3 Types of Joints
  • allow bones to glide over one another.

Bones in the hands
Hip or shoulder
The elbow
30
3 Types of Joints
  • Gliding joints allow bones to glide over one
    another.

Bones in the hands
Hip or shoulder
The elbow
31
Types of Joints
  • acts like a hinge of a door and allows movement
    in one direction

Bones in the hands
Hip or shoulder
The elbow
32
Types of Joints
  • Hinge joints acts like a hinge of a door and
    allows movement in one direction

Bones in the hands
Hip or shoulder
The elbow
33
Where is the Bicep?
Figure 36-11 Opposing Muscle Pairs
Section 36-2
1
2
34
Where is the Bicep?
Figure 36-11 Opposing Muscle Pairs
Section 36-2
Bicep
2
35
Esophagus?
6
1
7
2
3
8
9
10
4
5
11
36
Esophagus?
6
1
Esophagus
2
3
8
9
10
4
5
11
37
Liver?
6
1
7
2
3
8
9
10
4
5
11
38
Liver?
6
1
7
Liver
3
8
9
10
4
5
11
39
Pancreas?
6
1
7
2
3
8
9
10
4
5
11
40
Pancreas?
6
1
7
2
3
8
Pancreas
10
4
5
11
41
Small Intestine?
6
1
7
2
3
8
9
10
4
5
11
42
Small Intestine?
6
1
7
2
3
8
9
Small Intestine
10
5
11
43
Gall Bladder?
6
1
7
2
3
8
9
10
4
5
11
44
Gall Bladder?
6
1
7
2
Gall Bladder
8
9
10
4
5
11
45
Salivary Glands?
6
1
7
2
3
8
9
10
4
5
11
46
Salivary Glands?
Salivary Glands
1
7
2
8
3
9
10
4
5
11
47
Stomach?
6
1
7
2
8
3
9
10
4
5
11
48
Stomach?
6
1
7
2
Stomach
3
9
10
4
5
11
49
Which Type of Tissue?
  • ________________Tissue sends electrical signals
    throughout the body.

50
Which Type of Tissue?
  • Nervous Tissue sends electrical signals
    throughout the body.

51
Figure 35-2 Human Organ Systems Part I
Which Organ System?
Section 35-1
Organs/Structures Skin, Hair, and Nails
52
Figure 35-2 Human Organ Systems Part I
Which Organ System?
Section 35-1
Integumentary System
53
Which Body System?
  • Organs / Structures Femur, clavicle, and ribs

54
Which Body System?
  • Skeletal System

55
Which Body System?
  • Function Transport blood (which carries oxygen
    and food for the cells) throughout the body

56
Which Body System?
  • Cardiovascular or Circulatory System

57
Which Body System?
  • Organs / Structures Mouth, esophagus, stomach,
    intestines, rectum and anus. Accessory organs
    include liver, pancreas and gallbladder

58
Which Body System?
  • Digestive System

59
Which Body System?
  • Function Provides movement for the skeleton

60
Which Body System?
  • Muscular System

61
Which Organ?
  • Mixes, squeezes and adds digestive enzymes to
    food to create chyme

62
Stomach
  • Mixes, squeezes and adds digestive enzymes to
    food to create chyme

63
Which Organ?
  • Place in the digestive system that is the major
    site of chemical digestion where nutrients leave
    the digestive system and enter the circulatory
    system.

64
Small Intestine
  • Place in the digestive system that is the major
    site of chemical digestion where nutrients leave
    the digestive system and enter the circulatory
    system.

65
Which Organ?
  • Contracts and relaxes to provide movement for the
    arm

66
Bicep Tricep
  • Contracts and relaxes to provide movement for the
    arm

67
Which Organ?
  • Is the longest bone in the body. Creates red
    blood cells, stores minerals and fats, works with
    the muscular system to provide movement, and
    provides protection and support

68
Femur
  • Is the longest bone in the body. Creates red
    blood cells, stores minerals and fats, works with
    the muscular system to provide movement, and
    provides protection and support

69
Pancreas
  • Creates insulin which helps regulate the amount
    of sugar in the blood also creates juices that
    neutralize the acid in chyme

70
Which Organ?
  • Made of cardiac muscle that never becomes
    fatigued or tired pumps blood throughout the
    body

71
Heart
  • Made of cardiac muscle that never becomes
    fatigued or tired pumps blood throughout the
    body

72
Which Organ?
  • Protect the lungs and the heart, provide support,
    produce red blood cells store minerals and fats

73
Ribs
  • Protect the lungs and the heart, provide support,
    produce red blood cells store minerals and fats

74
Which Organ?
  • Removes water from undigested food and returns it
    to the body stores and eliminates solid waste

75
Large Intestine
  • Removes water from undigested food and returns it
    to the body stores and eliminates solid waste

76
Which Organ?
  • Protects underlying tissues from the suns UV
    radiation, regulates body temperature, gets rid
    of wastes

77
Skin
  • Protects underlying tissues from the suns UV
    radiation, regulates body temperature, gets rid
    of wastes

78
Which Organ?
  • Creates bile which is used to break down fats
    breaks down drugs and other substances for the
    body

79
Liver
  • Creates bile which is used to break down fats
    breaks down drugs and other substances for the
    body

80
All Living things are made up of one or more
81
  • CELLS!!

82
Which of the following is NOT a function of the
integumentary system?
  1. Regulate Temperature
  2. Protection against Pathogens
  3. Sensory input
  4. Mineral Storage

83
  • D) Mineral Storage

84
Which of the following is a primary function of
the skeletal system?
  1. Protection of internal organs
  2. Sensory input
  3. Circulation of nutrients to the cells
  4. To get rid of harmful wastes

85
  • Protection of internal organs

86
Which of the following organs does not belong
with the rest?
  1. Esophagus
  2. Stomach
  3. Large intestines
  4. Trachea

87
  • D) Trachea

88
Which organ systems main function is to break
down food into the nutrients needed to be
absorbed into the blood?
  • A) Circulatory System
  • B) Digestive System
  • C) Integumentary System
  • D) Nervous System

89
  • B) Digestive System

90
Which organ of the digestive system is
responsible for producing bile that breaks down
fats in the small intestines?
  1. Pancreas
  2. Liver
  3. Gall Bladder
  4. Stomach

91
  • B) Liver

92
(No Transcript)
93
Integumentary System
  • Regulates body temperature
  • Protects against pathogens
  • Excretes wastes
  • WHAT SYSTEM?

94
Digestive System
  • Breaks down food into the nutrients the body can
    absorb
  • WHAT SYSTEM?

95
Skeletal System
  • Stores Minerals
  • Protects vital organs
  • Works with the muscular systems to provide
    movement
  • Creates red blood cells
  • WHAT SYSTEM?

96
Cardiovascular or Circulatory System
  • Transports blood that carries oxygen and
    nutrients to every cell in the body
  • WHAT SYSTEM?

97
Muscular System
  • Provides movement for the body
  • WHAT SYSTEM?

98
Now name the function!!
99
Skeletal System
  • Stores Minerals
  • Protects vital organs
  • Works with the muscular systems to provide
    movement
  • Creates red blood cells

100
Integumentary System
  • Regulates body temperature
  • Protects against pathogens
  • Excretes wastes

101
Circulatory System/ Cardiovascular System
  • Transports blood that carries oxygen and
    nutrients to every cell in the body

102
Digestive System
  • Breaks down food into nutrients the body can
    absorb
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