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The Skeletal

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The Skeletal System Vocabulary Complete vocabulary on Page 2 Joint A point in which to bone come together to allowed movement Ball and socket located at the hip ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Skeletal


1
The Skeletal System
2
Vocabulary
  • Complete vocabulary on Page 2

Example
Joint
A point in which to bone come together to allowed
movement
Ball and socket located at the hip
3
3 types of muscles and their responsibilities
  • Smooth Muscle Involuntary muscles that you DO
    NOT have direct control over
  • Cardiac Muscle Involuntary muscle only found in
    the HEART
  • Skeletal Muscle Voluntary muscles that you CAN
    control to do activity

4
What connects our bones an muscles together???
  • Ligaments Connects BONE to BONE
  • Tendon Connects MUSCLE to BONE
  • Cartilage PROTECTS the ends of the bones and
    allows them to move

5
5 types of JOINTS in your body
  • Immovable Joint
  • Allows NO MOVEMENT
  • Hinge Joint
  • Allows for BENDING
  • AND STRAIGHTENING

6
  • Ball and Socket Joint
  • Allows movement in a ALL DIRECTIONS
  • Pivot Joint
  • Allows movement SIDE TO SIDE
  • Gliding Joint
  • Allows movement in many directions

7
The Muscular System
8
  • Record in own words the function of each of the
  • parts of the nervous system

9
Nervous System
Is Divided into
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Includes
Two Divisions
Brain
Spinal Cord
Sensory
Motor
Three Regions
Two Groups
Cerebrum
Brain Stem
Autonomic
Somatic
Memory reasoning
Involuntary actions
Regulates breathing
Signals Skeletal muscles
Cerebellum
Balance
10
Quiz Tomorrow
  • Muscle system and Nervous system
  • Be able to label muscles
  • Know the functions and parts of nervous system

11
Cardiovascular System
12
Blood is blue in color when is it NOT carrying
oxygen.
  • MYTH
  • FACT Blood is bright red when it is carrying
    oxygen and dark red when it is not.
  • Veins appear blue because of the way light
    reflects from skin.

13
Functions of the Cardiovascular System
  • Delivering blood to different parts of the body
  • Blood carries important material such as glucose
  • Removing wastes transports carbon dioxide to
    the lungs to be exhaled
  • Fighting Disease blood contains cells that
    fight disease and seal cuts

14
The 3 main parts of TheCardiovascular System
  • The Heart
  • The Blood Vessels
  • Blood

15
Blood Flow through the Heart
Lungs
The right side of the system deals with
deoxygenated blood.
The left side of the system deals with
oxygenated blood.
Body Cells
16
The Heart
17
Types of Blood Vessels
  • Arteries - AWAY
  • -Carry blood away from the Heart
  • -The Aorta is the largest artery
  • Veins - TO
  • -Carry blood to the Heart
  • -Veins have valves which stop blood from
    flowing backwards
  • -The Vena Cava is the largest vein
  • Capillaries
  • -Known as the Distribution Pipes
  • See page 294 - 295

18
Taking your Pulse
19
Blood
  • The Plasma (Fluid) makes up 55 of the blood
    volume.
  • The Solids (Cells) make up 45 of the blood
    volume.

20
Plasma
  • 97 Water
  • Other 3
  • -Antibodies, Proteins, Nutrients and
    Wastes

21
Blood Solids
  • Red Blood Cells
  • -Carry oxygen
  • -Contain Hemoglobin
  • White Blood Cells
  • -Attack bacteria other invaders
  • Platelets
  • -Control the blood clotting process

22
Respiratory System
  • Nose and Nasal Cavities
  • Pharynx
  • Epiglottis and Larynx
  • Trachea
  • Bronchus
  • Lung
  • Cilia
  • Page 307
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