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Chapter Six

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Gardner's Art through the Ages, Concise Edition by Fred Kleiner Chapter Six Early Medieval and Romanesque Europe Prepared by Kelly Donahue-Wallace – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter Six


1
Chapter Six
Gardner's Art through the Ages, Concise Edition
by Fred Kleiner
  • Early Medieval and Romanesque Europe

Prepared by Kelly Donahue-Wallace Randal
Wallace University of North Texas
2
Early Medieval Hiberno-Saxon
  • Dates and Places
  • 7th-9th century
  • British Isles
  • People
  • Christians
  • In monasteries
  • Working in scriptoria
  • Living in isolation

Crucifixion, Lindau Gospels, ca. 870. Fig. 6-1.
3
Early Medieval Hiberno-Saxon
  • Themes
  • Gospel books
  • Symbolic images
  • Forms
  • Interlace inherited from warrior lords
  • Stylized human and animal forms
  • Illuminated

Chi-rho-iota page, Book of Kells, late eighth or
early ninth century. Fig. 6-4.
4
Early Medieval Hiberno-Saxon
Carpet page, Lindisfarne Gospels, ca. 698721.
Fig. 6-3.
5
Early Medieval Hiberno-Saxon
  • Example
  • Illuminated manuscript
  • Carpet page before gospel text
  • Interlace with zoomorphic forms
  • No narrative

Carpet page, Lindisfarne Gospels, ca. 698721.
Fig. 6-3.
6
Early Medieval Carolingian
  • Dates and Places
  • 800-900
  • France
  • People
  • Charlemagne, Holy Roman Emperor
  • Revival of Roman Empire
  • Importance of learning

Saint Matthew, Coronation Gospels, ca. 800810.
Fig. 6-5.
7
Early Medieval Carolingian
  • Themes
  • Gospel books
  • Monastery
  • Forms
  • Illusionism
  • Local traditions
  • Monastic compound with basilica

Saint Matthew, Ebbo Gospels, ca. 816835. Fig.
6-6.
8
Early Medieval Carolingian
Palatine Chapel, 792805. Fig. 6-8.
Plan of the Palatine Chapel, 792805. Fig. 6-7.
9
Early Medieval Carolingian
  • Example
  • Central plan inspired by Ravenna
  • Byzantine style
  • Renewal of architecture of Christian Rome
  • Charlemagnes palace chapel

Plan of the Palatine Chapel, 792805. Fig. 6-7.
10
Early Medieval Ottonian
  • Dates and Places
  • 900-1000
  • France
  • People
  • Heirs of Charlemagne
  • Inspired by Rome

Crucifix, ca. 970. Fig. 6-13.
11
Early Medieval Ottonian
  • Themes
  • Biblical themes
  • Church
  • Forms
  • Stylized and conceptual figures
  • Expressive exaggeration
  • Basilica

Section and plan Saint Michaels, 10011031. Fig.
6-11.
12
Early Medieval Ottonian
Doors, Saint Michaels, 1015. Fig. 6-12.
Saint Michaels,10011031. Fig. 6-10.
13
Early Medieval Ottonian
  • Example
  • Basilica
  • Towers at both ends
  • Alternate-support system
  • Modular plan based on crossing
  • Two transepts

Saint Michaels,10011031. Fig. 6-10.
14
Early Medieval Ottonian
  • Example
  • Patron is Bishop Bernward
  • Inspired by Early Christian doors
  • Old and New Testament in bronze
  • Prefiguration
  • Expressive exaggeration

Doors, Saint Michaels, 1015. Fig. 6-12.
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