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Civil War Basics

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Civil War Basics Dates: April 12, 1861 to April 9, 1865 North Union Blue Yanks South Confederacy Gray Rebels Names for the Civil War The War for Constitutional ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Civil War Basics


1
Civil War Basics
2
  • Dates April 12, 1861 to April 9, 1865

3
(No Transcript)
4
  • North
  • Union
  • Blue
  • Yanks
  • South
  • Confederacy
  • Gray
  • Rebels

5
Names for the Civil War
  • The War for Constitutional Liberty
  • The War for Southern Independence
  • The Second American Revolution
  • The War for States' Rights
  • Mr. Lincoln's War
  • The Southern Rebellion
  • The War for Southern Rights
  • The War of the Southern Planters
  • The War of the Rebellion
  • The Second War for Independence
  • The War to Suppress Yankee Arrogance
  • The Brothers' War
  • The War of Secession
  • The Great Rebellion
  • The War for Nationality
  • The War for Southern Nationality
  • The War Against Slavery
  • The Civil War Between the States
  • The War of the Sixties
  • The War Against Northern Aggression
  • The Yankee Invasion
  • The War for Separation
  • The War for Abolition
  • The War for the Union
  • The Confederate War
  • The War of the Southrons
  • The War for Southern Freedom
  • The War of the North and South
  • The Lost Cause
  • The War Between the States
  • The Late Unpleasantness
  • The Late Friction
  • The Late Ruction
  • The Schism
  • The Uncivil War

6
You are rushing into war with one of the most
powerful, ingeniously mechanical and determined
people on earth right at your doors Only in
spirit and determination are you prepared for war
  • William Tecumseh Sherman

7
The Numbers Population - Manpower
  • The South
  • States - 11
  • Population - 9 million
  • 4.2 million slaves
  • Army enlistments 1.2 -1.4 million
  • The North
  • States - 24
  • Population 22. 5 million
  • Army enlistments 2.7 2.9 million

8
The Numbers Railroads
  • The South
  • 20 of RR Miles
  • Gages not uniform
  • The North
  • 80 of the RR miles
  • Mostly Uniform Gage
  • Of 470 locomotives all but 19 produced in the
    North

9
The Numbers Economic Strength
  • The South
  • Banking capital - 47 million
  • Property values 5.5 billion
  • The North
  • First in Finance
  • 4 times the bank deposits as the South
  • Banking capital - 330 million
  • Property values - 11 billion

10
The Numbers Economic Strength - Manufacturing
  • The North
  • 80 of Industrial Capacity
  • One county New Haven Connecticut -- produced
    firearms valued at 10 times the capacity of the
    all the Confederacy combined.
  • 110,000 manufacturing facilities
  • 1.2 million industrial workers
  • The South
  • 100,000 industrial workers in all of the South

11
Advantages - North
  • Superior Leadership
  • Lincoln
  • Larger Population
  • Military power-5 to 2
  • advantage in men
  • available to fight

12
Advantages - North
  • Industrial wealth more manufactured goods
  • 97 of firearms
  • More trained mechanics

13
Advantages - North
  • Greater wealth
  • Developed banking and finance system
  • Double the railroad miles

14
Advantages - North
  • Two-thirds more farm acreage
  • Held more territory
  • Fought on Southern Soil
  • Controlled Shipping

15
Disadvantages - North
  • Weak motivation
  • Un-aggressive officers
  • Far from home base
  • Communications and supplies
  • Vast land to conquer and hold
  • 2,000 miles of coast to blockade

16
Advantages - South
  • Outstanding Military Leadership
  • Strong Military tradition
  • Strong motivation

17
Advantages - South
  • Home court advantage
  • Skilled with guns and horses
  • Cotton yes and no

18
Disadvantages South
  • Inflation printed money without anything to
    back it.
  • Inferior numbers
  • Autocratic leadership
  • Jefferson Davis
  • No real navy

19
Brother Against Brother
20
The End
21
  • "...we are not only fighting hostile armies, but
    a hostile people, and must make old and young,
    rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war, as well
    as their organized armies.
  • William Tecumseh Sherman
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