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Russian Revolution: Civil War

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Russian Revolution: Civil War & The Soviet Union Objective: I can evaluate how the consequences of WWI set the stage for the Russian Revolution. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Russian Revolution: Civil War


1
(No Transcript)
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Russian Revolution Civil War The Soviet Union
  • Objective
  • I can evaluate how the consequences of WWI set
    the stage for the Russian Revolution.

3
Civil War 1918-1921
  • In 1918, Russia was still in turmoil.
  • Lenin and the Bolsheviks had seized power but
    were not supported by all Russians.

4
1. Who seized power following the November
revolution? 2. Did all Russians support Lenin
and the Bolsheviks?
5
Civil War 1918-1921
  • With aid from the United States and other Allied
    nations, some opponents of the Bolsheviks fought
    against the new government.
  • In 1918, the White Army of the opposition began a
    civil war to take back control from the
    Bolsheviks.

   Czechoslovak legionaries of 8th regiment
killed by Bolsheviks at Nikolsk Ussuriysky. 1918.
6
3. Who provided support to opponents of the new
Bolshevik government? 4. What was the name of
this opposition group? 5. What did this lead to?
7
Civil War 1918-1921
  • Three years later, the fighting ended with the
    victorious Bolsheviks firmly in control.
  • They had crushed all domestic inside the
    country opposition groups and ousted the Allies.

A Red Army detachment during the October
Revolution
8
6. Who won the civil war?
9
Allied Intervention in the Russian Civil War
American Troops
American Japanese Troops Parade
10
Allied Intervention in the Russian Civil War
Anti-Bolshevik Japanese troops in Vladivostok
during the Russian Civil War - 1921
British troops arriving in Arkangelsk to replace
the American troops who will be going home -
early 1919.
11
Allied Intervention in the Russian Civil War
12
Civil War 1918-1921
  • Almost 15 million people died in the fighting.
  • Now Lenin and the Bolsheviks faced a new taskthe
    job of governing the vast country.

Starving children in Russia
Starving Russians during the drought of 1921
13
7. How many Russians lost their life in the
civil war? 8. What major task did Lenin and the
Bolsheviks have following the civil war?
14
The Soviet Union
  • In 1922, Russia was reorganized into the Union of
    Soviet Socialist Republics.
  • The USSR, or Soviet Union, was a federation of 15
    individual republics.
  • Each was known as a soviet republic, a reference
    to the revolutionary councils of the Russian
    revolution.

15
The Soviet Union
16
9. How was Russia reorganized in 1922? 10.
What was Russias new name? 2 11. How many
republics existed in the new Russian
country? 12. How or why was the name chosen for
these republics? In honor of
17
The Soviet Union
  • A Communist government was established to govern
    this union of republics, and Moscow became the
    new national capital.
  • Lenin ruled the nation as a dictator.
  • By the time of his death in 1924, Lenin had
    transformed Russia from an absolute monarchy into
    a Communist dictatorship.

Funeral of V.I. Lenin - 1924
18
13. What type of government was set up to govern
the union of republics? 14. What is the name of
the new capital? 15. How did Lenin rule the new
nation? 16. Lenin transformed Russia from one
government system to another. Name those
government systems.
19
Review Questions
  • 1. Who seized power following the November
    revolution? 2. Did all Russians support Lenin
    and the Bolsheviks?
  • 3. Who provided support to opponents of the new
    Bolshevik government? 4. What was the name of
    this opposition group? 5. What did this lead
    to?
  • 6. Who won the civil war?
  • 7. How many Russians lost their life in the
    civil war? 8. What major task did Lenin and the
    Bolsheviks have following the civil war?

20
Review Questions
  • 9. How was Russia reorganized in 1922? 10.
    What was Russias new name? 2 11. How many
    republics existed in the new Russian
    country? 12. How or why was the name chosen for
    these republics? In honor of
  • 13. What type of government was set up to govern
    the union of republics? 14. What is the name of
    the new capital? 15. How did Lenin rule the new
    nation? 16. Lenin transformed Russia from one
    government system to another. Name those
    government systems.
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