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RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS

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Title: RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS


1
RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS
  • REVIEW

2
  • The early civilizations of the Nile River Valley,
    the Indus River Valley, and the Huang He River
    were similar because they were
  • dependent on fertile land
  • monotheistic
  • industrialized societies
  • dependent on each other for trade

3
  • 2. The development of early civilizations usually
    depended on
  • plentiful water supply and fertile land
  • the formation of democratic governments
  • the existence of large armies
  • a location near large deposits of gold and silver

4
  • 3. The river valleys of the Tigris-Euphrates,
  • Huang He, and the Indus were centers of
  • early civilization because they
  • were easy to defend from invasion
  • contained rich soils from annual floods
  • had rich deposits or iron ore and coal
  • were isolated from cultural influences

5
  • 4. Which geographic feature was common to the
    development of civilizations in ancient Egypt,
    China, India, and Mesopotamia?
  • mountains
  • river valleys
  • deserts
  • rain forests

6
  • 5. Which geographic feature was most important to
    the development of the early river valley
    civilizations?
  • high mountains
  • fertile soils
  • vast deserts
  • smooth coastlines

7
  • 6. The Aryan Civilization developed in what
    geographic area?
  • India
  • Western Europe
  • South America
  • Asia

8
  • 7. Monsoons are important in India because
  • a. the hot dry air the storm brings destroys
  • crops
  • it does not come every year
  • people use the winds to produce energy
  • it rains bring water for the crops

9
  • 8. Which of the following is a true statement
    about the Indus Valley Civilization?
  • it lasted for thousands of years
  • it spread to other parts of Asia
  • it thrived until modern times
  • it disappeared without a trace

10
  • 9. The Aryans divided people into classes by
  • age
  • race
  • occupation
  • gender

11
  • 10. Most of what we know about the Aryans comes
    from a collection of writings called
  • the Vedas
  • the Bible
  • the Torah
  • the Aryan Collection

12
  • 11. China was more isolated form the rest of the
    world than other early civilizations because
  • it is an island
  • it is surrounded by mountains, deserts, and an
    ocean
  • Chinese rulers did not all for travel
  • no one wanted to trade with China

13
  • 12. Which statement best describes what
    government was like under the Shang?
  • Shang kings maintained control over vast areas of
    land
  • Clans controlled most of the land
  • Women dominated the government
  • Individual city-states led by merchants,
    controlled government

14
  • 13. A ruler most likely lost his power in Chinese
    society if a war occurred. What other reason
    listed below would cause a ruler to lose power?
  • lowering taxes
  • a flood or earthquake occurred
  • he did not conquer other territories
  • d. he did not trade with other civilizations

15
  • 14. The Mandate of Heaven is the idea behind
    which of the following?
  • the feudal system
  • the dynastic cycle
  • ancestor worship
  • the Shang social order

16
  • 15. Which of the following was first achieved by
    the Chinese?
  • Ironworking
  • the horse-drawn chariot
  • a writing system
  • silkmaking

17
  • 16. What is loess?
  • fertile, yellow soil
  • pottery made by the Shang dynasty
  • bronze made by the Shang dynasty
  • an ancient Chinese god

18
  • 17. The word polytheism means a belief in
  • one god
  • the afterlife
  • many gods
  • the dynastic cycle

19
  • 18. The design of the cities of Harappa and
    Mohenjo-daro were unique because they were
  • built with the best materials
  • set up in a grid pattern
  • the largest in the world
  • the centers of learning

20
  • 19. In order to keep invaders out, what did the
    Chinese build?
  • the first bronze weapons
  • statues of gods they believed could protect them
  • walls around their cities
  • forts at the edge of every city

21
  • 20. What was the most important part of ancient
    Chinese society?
  • Religion
  • Family
  • Wealth
  • military service

22
  • 21. The Zhou dynasty in China believed that good
    rulers got authority to rule from heaven. What
    was this known as?
  • Heavens Rule
  • monotheism
  • Polytheism
  • Mandate of Heaven

23
  • 22. The pattern of rise, fall, and replacement of
    dynasties is known as
  • the Dynastic Cycle
  • the Restoration
  • the Mandate of Heaven
  • Reinstatement

24
  • 23. How did ancient Chinese civilizations go
    about making decisions?
  • they asked the king
  • they used oracle bones
  • they followed the model set by past civilizations
  • they asked other river valley civilizations
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